With stand. When front section of the

With the 13th amendment passing in January 1865, African Americans were finally considered free and equal to everyone else by law. But just because it was the law, doesn’t mean the people have to abide by it. Schools, bathrooms, libraries, and even water fountains were still “segregated”. Though there were laws that were passed to stop this, nobody abided by them.. African Americans being denied their rights as Americans, attempted to eradicate the problem of segregation and discrimination by boycotts and having their voices heard. This struggle for racial equality led to the events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, sit-ins, the March on Washington, and many more. This political and social injustice struggle is known as the Civil Rights Movement. This was known as one of the most crucial points where the tides would change for civil rights activists when the Civil Rights act of 1964 passed.One of the most well known events was the movement in Montgomery, Alabama called the Montgomery Bus Boycott. During this time in Alabama, there was an ordinance that required blacks to sit in the rear section of the bus. Also if the seats in the front part of the bus become filled, a color person is suppose to give up their seat for a white person. African Americans were also treated extremely unfairly by the bus drivers. They would sometimes have to go to the front of the bus and pay then exit and re-enter through the back entrance. Also bus drivers would also drive off before a black person could get on. On rare occasions a white bus driver might even become physically violent with a person of color. These are just a few of what African Americans had to endure. Then in 1955 a 42 year old women named Rosa Parks, decided to take a stand. When front section of the bus become filled a white passenger asked if Rosa could remove herself so that they could sit down. Rosa of course refused and ignored this command, which led to her being detained. Her arrest had a huge impact on the African American community which lead to a 381 day boycott of buses. Along with the help of the Montgomery Improvement Association led by Martin Luther King Jr, close to 90% of the community boycotted buses.Another way African Americans held protests were in the form of sit-ins with one of the more famous ones being the Greensboro sit-in. This occured in February, 1960 when 4 North Carolina college freshman walked in a F.W. Woolworth store. These 4 students decided to sit down at the counter even after being told they would not be served. With this action, the 4 boys drew attention to themselves and eventually got the attention of many activists in the community. Within 5 days more than 300 people came to support and participate in this event. Eventually the police came and arrested around 40 students. This angered the community tremendously which lead to the boycotting of food counters. The impact of this boycott was ridiculous causing around a ? drop of sales to lunch counters. Eventually the all white store owners surrendered after 6 months of this action.Constant struggles with legal and social injustice among the black community finally lead to the community fighting back. After decades of enduring the backlash from the 13th amendment, and years of continuous abuse, civil rights activists finally had a leader to have their voice heard. On August 28, 1963 a march on Washington D.C. took place. Over 250,000 people of blacks and whites decided to stand up for what they believed in. Equality for everyone. This was one of the biggest gathering of civil rights activists. These activists finally had the opportunity to express their opinions and ideas to a enormous amount of people, further exposing the corrupt ideas of social and legal equality. One of the most unforgettable moments occured on this day, the speech that we have grown up hearing was given. Martin Luther King Jr’s speech about the American Dream where everyone should be considered equal and not be discriminated on your skin color. Describing how African Americans are still not free and are “bond by the ties of segregation”. King did not just speak these words to be heard. He spoke these words as a demand for immediate action. As his words resonate with everyone who listened, this marked a new beginning for African Americans and an event that would be remembered through history.


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