Why farmer or artisan working” (Rosenberg, 2006, p.

Why is there such a focus on cosmic occurrences or natural phenomena like stars, moons, floods, rain, etc.?  The concentration on these cosmic occurrences or natural phenomena can touch into the human psyche.  Cosmic occurrences and natural phenomena can discover similar dreams and correlate them with the unconscious mind. Rosenberg states that “Myths usually originate in an ancient, oral tradition. Some explain origins, natural phenomena, and death; others describe the nature and function of divinities; while still others provide models of virtuous behavior by relating the adventures of heroes or the misfortunes of arrogant humans” (Rosenberg, 2006, p. xiii).  In comparison to the modern day evidence or clarification and how these cosmic occurrences and natural phenomena seem very unbelievable, but to the early civilizations relied on these events because they had no real understanding of science or the universe. Cosmic occurrences and natural phenomena myths across all cultures have some story similarity with the stars, moons, water, earth and the underworld.  Like for example, Homeric similes “relates the appearance, emotions, or actions of one of his characters to something or someone in the natural world—a particular wild animal or bird, a forest fire, flood, or storm, or a farmer or artisan working” (Rosenberg, 2006, p. 119).   In each of the scenes, Homer explains the comparisons of showing emotional depth and provides examples of “how much fear, anger, grief, or happiness a particular character is feeling at that moment. In this way, the Homeric simile increases the significance of human emotions and actions” (Rosenberg, 2006, p. 119).While the differences can best be described in “The Creation of the Titans and the Gods,” included immortal beings, and in “Osiris, Isis, and Horus,” included only mortal beings (Osiris and Isis were both mortal and immortal).  “Set, Osiris’s brother and enemy, represented the evil in the universe: natural catastrophes—such as earthquakes and storms—darkness, destruction, and death” (Rosenberg, 2006, p. 14). As the god of the desert, his constant unrest within led him to wander through the desert.  With this unrest and contempt of his brother began the plotting against Osiris, Isis, and Horus because they represented the forces of good which he lacked. “Good triumphed over evil in that Set could not destroy Osiris and Horus, no matter how clever his attempts. The gods did not destroy Set either. Evil would continue to exist in the world” (Rosenberg, 2006, p. 14).Why do you think cosmic or creation myths are essential to a culture? How do they shape a culture’s view of the world? I believe that creation myths give understanding of cause and the significance of the written purpose of man from the beginning of time.  To me, it provides the foundation, traditions, and an exciting storyline that helps evolve all cultures.  The importance of creation myths to any cultures is the laying foundation for all cultural beliefs and religion that help shape the story.  In the story of the Yoruba, creation conveys many Gods that are in human form whom “relate to one another as members of a large human family, and they experience love, jealousy, anger, and sympathy” (Rosenberg, 2006 p. 535). The Yoruba God’s were thought as caring and intelligent, and this myth began the expectation of following the ways of the Yoruba Gods.  While the Greeks and Romans myths used religion as the foundation to examine human emotions and it affects that emphasized the good and bad of acceptable and non-acceptable behaviors, “Greek Gods that are a large family and each member of that family has a distinct personality.  Love, hate, jealousy, and pride motivate their behavior just as those feelings motivate human behavior” (Rosenberg, 2006 p. 98).  This is the foundation that is laid for most religious cultures.  Humans have always desired information about cosmic occurrences since the beginning of time.  The more information obtained and sought doesn’t still come with an understanding of that information.   People fail to correlate the relationship between human beings and geology and how the two operate and the energy it requires when adapting the two together.  ConclusionThe commonality between most creation myths is either a God, several Gods or an individual who possesses power.  These myths provide a different cultural perspective and how the universe was created from each myth of creation.  With these creation myths, differences across cultures can be significantly different but similar at the same time.  The importance of these myths has helped evolve all cultural and religious beliefs by establishing the foundation and expectations of its believers for that entire culture. Senaca states that “It is useful to be assured that the heavings of the Earth are not the work of angry deities. These phenomena have causes all their own (Duff, 2006).”

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