What is Teamwork?
Generally, a group or a team can be known as a model organization that consists of two or more individuals interact and work together for their specific goals. For identification of individuals of a group, we can base on the working time of group members, sharing or performance of group tasks or plans so that they could achieve a group success, and commitment of group regulations. Individuals of a group might be solid identities and have very created specific aptitudes, but when they work in a group, they will select a person having a leading ability, set a proper working time to collaborate uninhibitedly, impart straightforwardly and plainly with each other, and take a responsibility for group’s goals.
Stages of team development
There are various group forms and different goals and missions to classify a group. For social interaction needs, groups that members associate with each other to achieve their interesting goals. For example, a group is created for friends having similar hobbies and ages, or co-workers who cooperate to appeal their senior manager for their rights. The characteristic of this group is the collaboration of members is independent on a structure and general objectives of an organization. The official organization is usually a group has an organizational chart and performs specific and professional tasks following organizational structure.
Normally, groups experience 5 stages of improvement, a discovery was proved by a psychologist named Bruce Tuckman. In the Forming stage, individual relations are portrayed by reliance. Guidance and direction of the group leader are a foundation for group members basing on. Impressions and information about the likenesses and contrast among them are collected. On that basis, they shape inclinations for future subgrouping. Discussions between group members usually concerned about an orientation of group tasks. To develop to the next stages, members need to adjust their rules of behavior to keep things simple and to stay away from controversy, as well as avoid serious subjects and feelings.
The next stage, which Tuckman calls Storming, is reflected by increasing level of competition and conflicts between the individual relations. The cause of conflicts can result in personal fears, which can be fear of failure. Individual weaknesses may affect your team and make the structure of the organization unequally, and a conflict inevitably exists. The conflict would be questions related to responsibility for tasks, system and criteria of evaluation, leadership and authority. A change of individual’s behavior will happen and generate discomfort between them. To grow to the next stage, setting a problem-solving mentality is critically important, and the ability to listen other people will greatly support for each member.
In Tuckman’s Norming stage, the cohesion is portrayed for relations between individuals. Group members enthusiastically attend to gather contributing ideas of other persons, group building and upkeep, and solving of gathering issues. Individuals will change their assumptions based on realities introduced by different individuals. Knowing each other more and more, the reliability of relations between them will add to the growth of group cohesion. People will get a connection in their group and go through a feeling of relief because of settling relational clashes. The coherence of member relations will improve when they exchange their personal feelings and perspectives. They like being a piece of a powerful group. The main disadvantage of this stage is that group members might be worried about the inescapable separation of the group in future.
In the Performing stage, the capacity, range, and depth of personal relations will be more close-knit and dependent each other. In this stage, people can work independently, separate into subgroup to work with equal facility. This stage would be characterized by close relations with members and addressing problems. Task orientation of members and problem-solving are highly productive. By now, every individual has a great ability to undertake their duties. Interrelation in members are closer, the loyalty of members is more intense. The overall goal is problem-solving and working to improve productivity. Groups undergo an optimal development at this stage.
Finally, Tuckman’s Adjourning stage, this stage refers to the breakup of relationships and the end of task behaviors. Members would have a chance to say goodbyes and a saying of compliment for their contribution and achievement. The termination of the group can create a crisis or make people experience a stage of mental trauma. Facilitation of the disengagement process is an effective way to this stage.
Characteristics of successful team
There are some benefits when we work in a team. Working in teams brings about benefits for both team members and the organizations in which they work. The cooperation of members will generate an enthusiasm and interaction of information and knowledge between team members. The enthusiasm will expand to all people in an organization, people will get the motivation to address obstacles and help their team as well as the organization be successful. For the sake of the group, people willing to collaborate and ignore their personal barriers, the competitiveness might reduce if the unity increases highly. Besides, when the information is exchanged between individuals, they will see the importance of working in a team. Information flows freely up and down and sideways. Therefore, communication is another benefit. Working in a group also fill the gap of competence. Every person will have different backgrounds, talents, qualification, knowledge, and experiences. A strength of a man will be a significant support to a weakness of another person. For an organization, when they institute different groups to take care specific work, the workload for a mere department will decrease. Furthermore, minor details of work will be considered carefully, it gets a high precision and finishing. the time for implementation might reduce because everyone works together to utilize time for the task. In addition, every single decision is approved and performed basin on a selection of group members. Every decision is a commitment, people will be responsible for their own decisions as well as solutions, and they also commit to fulfilling their duties successfully. People work cooperatively, they are guaranteeing that every part gets what he or she needs from the group to turn out an ideal work.
Being a successful team, it does not include only a factor but it also needs different constitutive aspects. Frist of all, a team need clear defined goals in order that every member comprehends the vision of the group and what they need to do to achieve their goals. The more clearly your goals are, the more likely you are to draw up a blueprint to minimize the risks. Another reason that there are so many people now who do not know why they have to join this project, why they have to complete this job. Therefore, assigning a clear goal is the way to boost more motivation for them and to keep everyone in the same direction to the end objective. Besides, it also helps team member know where they are and be easier to collaborate. the important thing in a team that is a unity of all member, a clear goal support for it. It is true that an unclear goal can ruin your group. If group members do not unify about group’s strategies, plans, or policies, they will protect their own ideas and follow their own opinions, work alone, or even the conflict can happen between them. So, the question is how we can get a clear goal so that every can understand it? There are some solutions, and the weekly meetings is necessary. Members can give their opinions and ultimate goals need to show for everyone to read and review regularly.
Defining roles for members plays a crucial role to be successful. When we can define a clear role for every member, they will know what their works are. role definition is not only handover a certain work for somebody, but the leader need to understand thoroughly works for that every employee is suitable. This is because everyone has different talents, innate skills, and expertise, they will bring different energy to a team. A team usually contains two kinds of roles. Task roles is a group that people in this kind of roles will create motivation for group or provide relevant information to carry out group’s objectives. Maintenance roles is a group that people help institution and maintenance relations between members in a group.
Communication always considers the best way to interact and build a team spirit. it is the most important characteristic so that a group can get a high performance. Severe problems can be eliminated or restricted if we communicate openly and clearly, and most problems come from everyone they lack information from other members. Therefore, communication is the key to success. We need to make our team members feel free to express their opinions. Feedbacks and ideas from everyone can push a group moving forward. However, we are not commonly a good listener. We are usually interrupted by other distractions when we are listening other people saying. Thus, we must improve our listening skill, learn the patient and understand accurately what the speaker says, and then, we present clearly our ideas about that stuff. That is a good way to learn communication skill.
Group’s essential improvement depends on making effective decision. To get a right decision, A group should make different solutions and methods. Then, they need to evaluate pros and cons, and when we choose an exactly time to carry out a decision. Right decision-making will save time. If we make an important decision too quickly, and we get problems at the end of our team’s words, we will take a lot of time to consider another substitute method, and the whole process will start again. Thus, decision-making at the right time is really important, we should be patient and choose the best decision for our group. Approaching 4 these factors, which is clear goals, defining roles, open and clear communication and right decision-making, we have 4 foundational elements to build our team.
In a meeting, we need the participation of all members. However, there are some people who talk a lot and the others say nothing. Also, we need balanced participation from each member which means everyone have approximately their voice and contribution to the meeting.
Valued diversity ensures that our group will have a diversity of thinking, ideas, methods, experiences, and opinions to make our group work effective. It is not only about the rate of men and women in group, but it is also related to different characteristics, nationalities, experiences and so on. This factor help us get various aspects of life that if we just come from a general background, we can not see that.
Finally, leadership is in the top of all factors that are needed to a successful team. The leader is the one who has the right to make the final decision, or they usually participate in decision-making of their staff, offer solutions and information, teach and guide all members in their team. they also play a crucial role to create a friendly and openly working environment by giving compliment or reward for their staff to motivate them. They need to get an ability to bring everyone in one direction. However, leadership should be replaced periodically because each leader will be suited to each period.
Personally, working in a team is an aspect that I should improve at this time. I had a couple of months working for a company and that is the first experience about professional team-working in real life. Honestly, my reaction of communication in a group are not good, I mean my weaknesses is mainly communication skill. At the time, when I worked at my former company, a problem that I usually got that was providing insufficient information, and this lead to we could not complete our work rapidly, even it made us must start the work again. My weakness is inevitable thing that I must cope with in one way or another. Improving my weakness will help me get a group with high performance for my future job. Being aware of my weaknesses is a way so that I can face with the truth and ignore unrealistic thoughts.