What is the mood of the chorus upon its entrance? What appeals do they make?The mood of the chorus seems desperate for help since “the unnumbered death of its people the city dies; those children that are born lie dead on the naked earth unpitied, spreading contagion of death” (203-208). They appeal to various gods like Athena, Artemis, Apollo, Dionysus, and Zeus to “smite the War God, Father Zeus, beneath your thunderbolt, for you are the Lord of the lightning, the lightning that carries fire” (218-221). By complementing the gods and informing them of their troubles, the chorus hopes that their prayers will be answered.2. In what ways does Oedipus criticize his subjects? What does this reveal about his character?He accuses them of knowing something about the death of the previous king. He says, “But if you shall keep silence… I command all to drive you from their homes,”(251) as if people who knew something would keep silent to protect a guilty friend. He doesn’t trust his subjects to do the right thing. He also lets his temper control him, instead of controlling his temper. He gets mad at Teiresias and yells, “Is it endurable that I should hear such words from him? Go and a curse go with you!”(502) instead of trying to find out what he is saying. He is arrogant and gets frustrated when challenged, so he takes it out on the people. 3. What initial signs of rashness do we see in Oedipus?Oedipus has a harsh temper and is quick to get angry. Teiresias says to Oedipus, “You blame my temper but you do not see your own that lives within you” (377-378). As he doesn’t believe Tiresias’ prophecy, he gets angry and calls him a fool, and thinks Teiresias is taunting him. He angrily tells him to leave his house, letting his temper get ahead of him. His anger is then deflected onto others.4. Why is Teiresias reluctant to tell what he knows to Oedipus? What seems to be Tiresias’ philosophical attitude?Teiresias is reluctant to tell what he knows about Oedipus because he says “This I knew well, but had forgotten it, else I would have not come here” (348-349). This quote demonstrates how Teiresias knows the truth, but wishes he did not. Because of this, Teiresias is shown to be reluctant in telling Oedipus what he knows. Furthermore, Tiresias’ philosophical attitude seems to be pessimistic and fatalistic. Teiresias is shown to be a firm believer in destiny and in the god’s determining the fate of all things. 5. What ironies arise in this scene?Tiresias tries to protect Oedipus from the truth because he knows that the murderer is Oedipus himself. Tiresias tries to talk Oedipus into leaving by saying “It will be easiest for us both to bear our several destinies to the end if you follow my advice” (353-355). As a result, Oedipus, in anger at Tiresias’ truth, blames Tiresias for the murder of King Laius. 6. What false conclusion does Oedipus reach as a result of this quarrel with Tiresias? What effect will this conclusion have on Oedipus?Oedipus believes that Tiresias killed the previous king of Thebes. He accuses the blind man, thinking that Tiresias was the “complotter of the deed and doer of the deed save in so far as for the actual killing” (393-395). This is because Tiresias tells Oedipus that Oedipus himself is the killer of the previous king. By placing the blame on someone else, Oedipus denies the possibility that he was the murderer. In order to prove that he is not the killer, Oedipus would be even more determined to find who did it. In effect, when Oedipus finds that he is the killer, he will become more devastated and fall down a larger hole.