We new materials and new scientific discoveries.

We are living in an age where when you get sick, you are easily able to find the problem and cure it with ease. There has been a major discovery which has helped us for decades find and locate anomalies, the x-ray. The x-ray has been around for about 122 years and has helped us cure people all over the world. The technology is only evolving and becoming more advanced, we are discovering new materials and new scientific discoveries. The problem in this generation’s society is health and development. Although the X-Ray has been one of the most used scientific instruments researched, studies have shown that too much gamma radiation emitted by the X-Ray can lead to poor health and most likely Cancer. With the development of science we have been learning about ways to combat this and one of the key ideas was to use lead aprons or lead protection. We are still unsure whether this is a valuable reliability as the gamma radiation needs to be strong in order to proceed with the X-Ray and make sure it obtains all of the information needed in order to complete the X-Ray. The technology I will be explaining is how lead decreases health risks in X-Rays. The X-Ray has been around for just under two centuries and the technology has only been evolving.When the technology was first being used it didn’t affect the body in the short term, but the long-term results showed people were getting sick from the gamma radiation. They started to conduct tests on patients by placing different materials in front of them and seeing if they aren’t affected as much by the radiation. One of the tests was successful and that test was done using lead. Lead is a soft grayish metal which allows the passing of gamma rays, but blocks out the radiation. It is able to absorb different types of radiation but struggles to conduct electricity. Due to its properties, it is commonly used around nuclear reactors and particle accelerators, X-ray equipment, and containers used for transporting and storing radioactive materials. The denser the material the more it is able to absorb as there are more electrons to interact with. Lead in this case is very dense therefore is a good material for X-Rays because it has a lot of electrons. This has the possibility of creating an ion as with the increased amount of energy it would leave the nucleus.Although it decreases the amount of radiation emitted if it is exposed to the body for too long it can have long-term effects such as diarrhea followed by constipation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache, and general weakness. Lead can be found in nature but is extremely rare. It is commonly found in other materials and can be extracted from them.Lead can be extracted by melting the ore using a blast furnace or a smelting it. Almost all lead being created is made through recycled scrap which would be processed through melting it or a blast furnace.Lead has so far been proven successful against decreasing gamma radiation. In 2013 the government conducted a test and had found that the number of lead poison cases had risen.Lead affects the brain and has proven that when there is too much exposure it causes harm towards the brain and lowers your IQ. The numbers have decreased due to the government removing lead in paints and gasoline. The numbers are currently at about 1 in every 38 children. The numbers are still decreasing and the government is trying to find an easier way to decrease the number of children with lead poisoning.There are many pros regarding lead being used in X-Rays, but I am only going to be focusing on the main two. The first positive side to using lead in X-Rays is that you are able to decrease the amount of radiation your body is absorbing.The lead allows less gamma radiation to pass through. From an economic standpoint is that this would decrease the chances of you needing to get further checkups as since the amount of radiation was decreased there were fewer chances of you getting any sort of disease or any other anomalies. This would also help because although it is costly it decreases the chances of you getting cancer which you would need to pay for chemotherapy and many other treatments.One key example of this would be cancer. Let’s say if you choose not to pay the extra to use lead in your X-Ray it increases the chance of you getting cancer. If you do get it you would need to pay a lot for treatment and chemotherapy. It is cheaper to just get the lead now rather than spend a ton later when you are getting treatment for the thing you could’ve stopped from happening. Another thing I have found is that it is cheaper, in the long run, to get the lead in the X-Ray now rather than later. This is because once you use it in the X-Ray, you don’t need to get daily check-ups to see if you have any anomalies or not.Throughout my time researching the reliability of this type of material I have found to major down factors relating to this. One of the key downers to using lead in X-Rays is that you have a chance at getting lead poisoning. Lead poisoning can lead to many payments for healthcare and medicine which can be really draining as it is very expensive. According to CBS a test was done and has found that the increased exposure to lead decreases your IQ if you do it at a young age. It also affects older generation, but the effects aren’t as serious as the body has already mostly developed. As well as decreased IQ it can also cause a lot of other problems. Another problem with using lead in X-Rays is that it is very costly. In some countries such as Singapore healthcare is not free and is quite expensive. Getting an X-ray is already expensive and adding Lead with it might be too expensive for families to afford. An example of this would be if you get in a major accident and you need to get an X-Ray to examine the damage. If you are not wealthy this might be a struggle as it already costs a lot of money and if you want to make sure you don’t get any other issues you will have to pay extra for the lead. This can cause a lot of problems because as well as possibly being seriously ill they are unable to get the proper medical attention needed.Throughout my journey learning about the technology and the pros and cons, I have learned many things. My overall evaluation about this is that it should be used. The pros outway the cons as the severity is a lot higher without than with the lead. Without lead, you have a chance of getting cancer whereas from lead poisoning it is easier and cheaper to cure than cancer. Although it may be expensive, it pays off in the long run as it would save you money on possible medicine. Although there have been signs that it decreases your IQ it is better than possibly getting cancer or even worse. In conclusion, I think they should use this technology in X-Rays.


I'm Isaac!

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