Topic: Theories of Teamwork and Motivation Referencing Style:

Topic: Theories of Teamwork and Motivation Referencing Style: Harvard One of the most important theories of HRM (Human Resource Management is that of ‘Motivation’. The purpose of this theory is to explain the role of an organisation in order to encourage its people to put in the best of their efforts and abilities in a way that will help further in achieving better outcomes for the business and organisation’s goals(Armstrong, 2001). There are various techniques that can be adopted to motivate people for instance, rewards, punishments, actions to satisfy needs, psychological processes etc. This world is developing at a rapid pace and due to this development and quick changes; new ways of working and managing organisations have emerged. These highly cooperated working styles have also appeared such as the new work practice as teams: parallel, work, project and management etc. In today’s world the use of team and teamwork is expanding more than ever and is dramatically responsive towards competitive challenges. According to a survey almost about 82 percent of the companies with 100 or more employees have reported to be using teams for competitive tasks (Gordon, 1992)Overview -Obiective-Motivation progres-Theories of motivation -conflict resolution Objective Objective of this assessment and report is to understand and justified . -Theory of motivation Abraham H Maslow -Frederick Herzberg -Douglas MC Gregor -McClelland-Teamwork -team roles -conflict resolution -team evaluation Motivation process Definition of motivation The driving force within individuals by which they attempt to achieve some goal in order to fulfill some needs and expectations . The degree to which an individual wants to choose in certain behaviour . German Malaysia institute. (2016). Motivation teamwork . Available: Pl. scribd. Com/doc/56149790. Last accessed 17/12/17.Motivation is -complex -psychological -psychical -unique to each and every person -context sensitive Qualities of motivation -energizes behavior -directs behaviour -enable persistence towards a goal -exists in varying details Basic model of motivation Needs or expectation – drive force (behaviour or action ) – desired goals Theories of motivation  =Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) he need hierarchy Maslow theory maintains that a person does not  feel a higher need until the needs of the current level have been satisfied Needs were categories as five levels of lower -higher -order needs Individual must satisfy lower level needs before they can satisfy higher order needs Satisfied needs will no longer motivate =Macgregor (1917-1998) Theories X&YTheory X assume that workers have little ambition ,dislike Work ,avoid responsibility ,and require close supervision . Theory Y assume that workers can exercise self -direction ,responsibility ,and like to work . Motivation is maximized by participative decision making , interesting jobs , and good group relation =Frederick Herzberg (1923-2000)two factors theory Two independent scales =satisfaction and no satisfaction =dissatisfaction and no dissatisfaction A team can be different as a group of people with different skills , different task , work together towards a common projects , with mutual support . As a teamwork with any category ( class room Work ) we need to have good communication with each other’s. We need to be open honest and discus and problems face to face . Leadership need to be sufficient with the group and and managers for relevant task .What teamwork look like = trusting team to develop a issue ,even if it’s takes times . Offering your own experience and ideas for other people in your team , as they can use them . To bearing a good team you must to make a eford and understand before criticism . Expressing appreciation for teamwork . Keep people advise of any changes , and developments. Being supportive to the team .  Some quick examples of other factors that can motivate people are:Recognition of abilitySense of achievementLearning and growthStimulating workResponsibility and empowermentPromotionFeeling of being a successful Teamwork is important and the more experience you have, the better. Get started today by joining forces with others to accomplish a task or project. Whether or not you’ve worked with groups before, there’s always room to polish your teamwork skills.Reactigons to inequity ExampleDistort perceptions Changing one’s thinking to believe that the referent actually is more skilled than previously thought.Increase referent’s inputs Encouraging the referent to work harder.Reduce own input Deliberately putting forth less effort at work. Reducing the quality of one’s workIncrease own outcomes Negotiating a raise for oneself or using unethical ways of increasing rewards such as stealing from the companyChange referent.Comparing oneself to someone who is worse offLeave the situation Quitting one’s jobSeek legal action Suing the company or filing a complaint if the unfairness in question is under legal protectionSource: Based on research findings reported in Carrell, M. R., & Dittrich, J. E. (1978). Equity theory: The recent literature, methodological considerations, and new directions. Academy of Management Review, 3, 202–210; Goodman, P. S., & Friedman, A. (1971). An examination of Adams’s theory of inequity. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 271–288; Greenberg, J. (1993). Stealing in the name of justice: Informational and interpersonal moderators of theft reactions to underpayment inequity. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 54, 81–103; Schmidt, D. R., & Marwell, G. (1972). Withdrawal and reward reallocation as responses to inequity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 8, 207–211.Eba. (2016). How to use motivation Theories . Available: Www . Educational -buisness -articales.com. Last accessed 17/12/17.

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