TITLE CAME TO CITY TO SELL THEIR

TITLE : RELOCATION, the case of  OF MALDHARI FAMILIES OF RAJKOT

ABSTRACT :  THERE HAVE BEEN NUMBER OF CASES WHERE HUMAN AND/OR
STRAY CATTLE GOT INJURED OR LOST THEIR LIFE BECAUSE OF STRAY CATTLE IN THE MEGA
CITIES . THE MUNICIPALITY HAD MADE
ANNOUNCEMENTS SEVERAL TIMES AND URGED THE PEOPLE NOT TO LET THEIR CATTLE ROAM
IN THE OPEN. HOWEVER, AS THE ANNOUNCEMENTS DID NOT WORK, MUNICIPAL  AUTHORITY REGULARLY  IMPOUNDS THE STRAY CATTLE AND SEND THEM TO
PANJRAPOLS AROUND THE CITY BUT THE SITUATION DOES NOT CHANGE ON GROUND.

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RAJKOT MUNICIPAL CORPORATION STARTED THE SCHEME OF
RELOCATION TO MALDHARI FAMILIES OF RAJKOT ,RMC BEGINS THE SPECIAL DRIVE TO
SPEED UP THE PROCESS OF RELOCATING THE MALDHARI FAMILIES AND THEIR CATTLE FROM
CITY TO OUTSIDE THE CIVIC BODY’S LIMIT,WHERE MALDHARI FAMILIES WILL BE
RELOCATED AND GIVEN FACILITIES FOR THEIR CATTLE.

MOTIVATION: IN A COUNTRY WHERE EATING
BEEF CAN GET YOU KILLED, COW SEEM TO GET A LOT MORE OF INDIA’S ATTENTION WHEN
THEY ARE DEAD THAN THEY DO WHEN THEY ARE ALIVE.

BACKGROUND:  WE HAVE MANY VARIOUS RELIGIONS AND THEY ALL HAVE THEIR
DIFFERENT VIEW OF ANIMALS AND THEIR PLACE IN OUR LIVES. THE COWS ARE REGARDED AS SACRED TO HINDUS. YEARS AGO MALDHARI LIVED IN THE RURAL AREAS OF RAJKOT
AND SOME OTHER DISTRICTS. AROUND 15-20 YEARS AGO THEY CAME TO CITY TO SELL
THEIR GOODS FOR THEIR CONVENIENCE, THEN THEY MIGRATED TO THE CITY’S SUBURBS FOR
BETTER LIVING CONDITIONS WITH THE URBANISATION.CITY EXPANDED TO THE OUT SKIRTS
IN LAST FEW YEARS SO THAT MALDHARI SATTLEMENT GOT SURROUNDED WITH CITY DEVELOPMENTS
WHICH AFFECTED THEIR LIFESTYLES AND CAUSE CATTLE GRAZING ISSUES IN THOSE AREAS,
SO THE MALDHARIS LET THEIR CATTLE STRAY ON THE ROADS THROUGHT THE DAY,WHICH
CAUSE MANY ISSUES TO THE OTHER CITYZENS AS WELL AS TO THEMSELVES.

STRAY ANIMALS CAUSED NUISANCE DURING DAY AND NIGHT.THE
STRAY ANIMALS HAVE BECOME A GREAT NUISANCE FOR THE PEDESTRIANS AS WELL AS FOR
THE DRIVERS OF THE VEHICLES. THEY CAUSE FREQUENT TRAFFIC JAMS AND
ACCIDENTS.SOMETIMES ROWS OF STRAY COWS AND BULLS BLOCK THE ROAD AND CAUSE
TRAFFIC JAMS AND ACCIDENTS.

IT IS A COMMON SIGHT TO SEE STRAY ANIMALS LOITERING
AROUND AND EVEN OCCUPYING THE MIDDLE OF THE ROAD. THIS DISRUPTS TRAFFIC FLOW
AND OFTEN LEADS TO JAMS. MANY TIMES, BULLS LOCK HORNS ON THE ROADS AND POSE
THREAT TO THE LIVES OF THE PASSERS BY.THERE ARE AROUND 1700 -1800 MALDHARI
FAMILIES ARE LIVING IN RAJKOT CITY AREA WHO OWN AROUND 35,000 CATTLE IN THE
CITY AS PER CATTLE CENSUS OF 2012.

RMC HAD RECEIVED APPLICATION FROM AROUND 860 MALDHARI
FAMILIES FOR RELOCATION ALONG WITH THEIR CATTLE .UNDER THE SCHEME, EACH CATTLE
OWNER GETS LAND TO CONSTRUCT A HOUSE AND SPACE TO KEEP THE CATTLE. RMC HAS
IDENTIFIED SOME LOCATIONS — BAGHI VILLAGE, RAJGADH, MANHAR PUR AMARGADH
(BHICHARI) AND LOTHDA VILLAGES — FOR RELOCATION OF MALDHARIS WITH THEIR CATTLE.
ALL VILLAGES ARE LOCATED VERY CLOSE TO THE CITY AND IS EVEN CONVENIENT FOR
CATTLE OWNERS.

CONCERN: MALDHARI FAMILIES WANT TO
SHIFT FROM CITY FOR THEIR AND THEIR CATTLE’S BETTERMENT AND THIS PROBLEM SOLVES
MANY ISSUES IN CITY AREA.

AIM: PROVIDE  BETTER LIFESTYLE TO THE MALDHARI FAMILIES AND
TO GIVE BETTER FACILITIES TO THE CATTLES FOR THEIR GROWTH AND TO PROTECT THEM.

DESIGN PROJECT: COMMUNITY HOUSING FOR
MALDHARI FAMILIES WITH PROVIDING ALL THE BASIC FACILITIES.

OBJECTIVES: THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVE SHOULD
BE FULFILLED FOR ACHIEVE THE GOAL.

1)       
 TO GIVE HOUSEHOLDS ACCESS TO HOUSING THAT
IS APPROPRIATE TO THEIR  AND THEIR
CATTLE’S NEEDS.

2)       
TO RESPOND TO THE RISE IN DEMAND OF AFFORDABLE
HOUSES FOR MALDHARIS WHO WANT TO RELOCATE.

3)       
TO PROMOTE A RANGE OF HOUSING THAT IS AFFORDABLE TO MALDHARIS
OF VARYING FINANCIAL CAPACITY.

4)       
TO ENSURE THAT THE LOCATION OF HOUSING OFFERS MALDHARIS
ADEQUATE ACCESS TO TRANSPORT, EMPLOYMENT, SERVICES, AND TO SOCIAL AND SUPPORT
NETWORKS.

5)       
TO ENCOURAGE ADAPTABLE AND ACCESSIBLE HOUSING THAT CAN
RESPOND TO THE CHANGING NEEDS OF RESIDENTS.

 

DESIGN PROJECT:

RELOCATE THE
MALDHARI FAMILIES FROM THE RAJKOT CITY.RAJKOT

 PROVIDING THE SHELTER TO MALDHARIS AND THEIR CATTLE WITH ALL
BASIC FACILILIES.

METHODOLOGY:

1)       
STUDING THE MALDHARI FAMILIE’S HISTORY, CULTURE AND SOCIO
ECONOMIC STRUTURE TO UNDERSTAND THE LIFESTYLE OF THEM.

2)       
INTERVIEWS WITH MALDHARI FAMILIES SHALL BE
CARRIED TO KNOW THEIR NEEDS.

3)       
INTERVIEWS WITH THE RMC OFFICIALS SHALL BE
CARRIED TO KNOW WHAT FACILITIES WILL BE PROVIDEDED BY GOVERNMENT TO THE
MALDHARIS AND TO COLLECT OTHER REQUIRED DATA.

4)       
FIND
OUT THE COMMUNITY PERSPECTIVE ON MALDHARI’S PARTICIPATION IN RELOCATION.

5)       
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE METHODS SHALL BE
USED TO OBTAIN DATA.

6)       
USING SEARCH ENGINE SUCH AS GOOGLE AND SOME NATIONAL/LOCAL
NEWS PAPER, ARTICLES, NEWS CHANEL QUALITATIVE DATA IS COLLECTED.

7)       
QUANTITIVE DATA IS CARRIED OUT FROM THE RESOURCES LIKE
GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL SITES AND FROM LATEST CENSUS DATA.

 

 

 

 

 

.     

LITRATURE REVIEWS:

MALDHARIS ARE MAINLY DISTRIBUTED IN JUNAGADH, RAJKOT,
SURENDRANAGAR AND BHAVNAGAR DISTRICTS. THEY ARE STILL FOLLOWING THEIR
TRADITIONALS AND RITUALS. DESPITE THE DESTITUTION
INTO WHICH THEY’VE BEEN THRUST BY ECONOMIC, POLITICAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL
CHANGES IN MODERN INDIA, THEY REMAIN REVERED FOR THEIR MASTERY OF RAISING
LIVESTOCK. LITERACY HAS NOT MADE SATISFACTORY PROGRESS WITHIN THE
COMMUNITY.  VERY FEW
PROFESSIONALS ARE FOUND IN THE COMMUNITY AS MOST OF THEM DO NOT CONTINUE BEYOND
THE PRIMARY LEVEL. QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE DISPLACED
MALDHARI FAMILIES SHOULD BE IMPROVED AFTER THEIR REHABILITATION.THEY HAVE VERY
DIFFERENT LIFESTYLES. THEY LIKE TO LIVE WITH THEIR CATTLE IN THEIR HOME.
THEIR MAIN SOURCES OF CASH INCOME ARE SALE OF HIGH QUALITY
GHEE, MILK, WOOL, ANIMALS.  

ARTICLES:

·     
DISPLACEMENT,
REHABILITATION AND RESETTLEMENT:

     THE CASE OF
MALDHARI FAMILIES OF GIR FOREST

·     
PERCEPTIONS
OF THE REHABILITATED MALDHARI

·     
ANIMALS AND VALUES IN SOCIETY

·     
BHARWAD(BOOK: PEOPLE OF GUJARAT)

 

CASE STUDY:

THE RELAVENT ARCHITECTUREL THESIS PROJECT IS AS FOLLOW,

GAAY NAGAR, AHMEDABAD

·      THIS IS THE THESIS PROJECT,
DONE BY STUDENT OF UNIVERSITY OF ROME IN 2010-10.IT WAS DESIGNED AS LOW COST
AFFORDABLE HOUSING COMMUNITY FOR AROUND 200 FAMILIES IN THE OUT SKIRT OF
AHMEDABAD CITY INCLUDING RESIDENT S OF THE INFORMAL SETTLEMENT OF SURROUNDING
THE SITE.

 

SITE STUDY : 

1 Location 
2 Approach 
3 Topography 
4 Soil condition 
5 Site plan 
6 Site surrounding 
7 Vegetation 
8 Climate study 

EXPECTED OUTCOME:
MALDHARI
FAMILIES AND OTHER CITYZENS ARE FACING MANY PROBLEMS DUE TO GRASS LAND FOR  CATTLE IN CITY AREA. AFTER RELOCATION OF
MALDHARI FAMILIES  , CITY AREA WILL BE
FREE FROM NUISANCE OF STRAY CATTLE AND IT WILL HELP IN “SWACHCHH BHARAT ABHIYAN”.
THE CATTLE WILL GET GRASSLAND SO THAT THEY WILL BE BECAME MORE HEALTHY AND MILK
PRODUCTION WILL BE INCREASED

LIMITATION: THE GOVERNMENT HAS RESERVED
THE LAND FOR THE  RELOCATION OF MALDHARIS
IN RAJKOT WHICH IS UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF GOVERNMENT IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS AND IT
IS THE PART OF THE CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2031, BUT IN THE SOME VILLAGES AT
OUTSKIRT OF RAJKOT CITY IN WHICH SITE IS PROPOSED , THE LOCAL VILLAGERS ARE
OPPOSING THE PROJECT. BUT TO SEE OVERALL VISION FOR THE BETTERMENT OF THE CITY
AS WELL AS THE MALDHARIS ,GOVERNMENT CAN RESOLVE THIS ISSUE  BY DISCUSSION WITH THOSE VILLAGERS.

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