This systems and frameworks are created to help

This chapter
comprises of the literature review of our proposed work. In this chapter, we
will briefly explicate about the previous work-done by others about our
proposed system. The models and applications of others will help enlighten to
elaborate about the work and objectives that we mean to achieve. Our project
includes a considerate amount of foundation; this portion of the report will be
of great significance to help understand our system by interpreting the
existing system.  The information about
the different existing systems, proposed by other researchers about the Mobile
Application Healthcare and disability, will be provided in detailed form in
this chapter.

Existing Content

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
Writers Experience
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
Writers Experience
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
Writers Experience
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

Throughout the years in the advancement in
technology caused a great deal of help in the field of healthcare. Different
systems and frameworks are created to help make healthcare better and easy.
Different applications for compatible devices are developed every now and then
with a lot of research work being done to improve lifestyle of the sick and
disable ones. The research work done by others has been described below.

the number of mobile healthcare applications is mounting rapidly and the users
are able to take care of themselves but still there is lack of research about
how the consumer engages with electronic self-observation. Anderson K, Burford
O and Emmerton L in 1 present a valuable investigation of how health clients use
applications for health examining, the benefits the consumers perceive from
usability of health applications and how the applications for health-monitoring
and caring can be improved.

S.M. Riazul Islam, Daehan Kwak, MD. Humaun
Kabir, Mahmud Hossain and Kyung-Sup Kwak conducted a survey about the internet
of things (IOT) healthcare devices in 2. Their proposed paper studies
progresses in IoT-based human services advances and audits the cutting edge
organize structures/stages, applications, and mechanical patterns in IoT-based
social insurance arrangements. What’s more, their paper work investigates
particular IoT security and protection highlights, including security
prerequisites, risk models, and assault scientific categorizations from the
human services point of view. Further, their paper proposes a shrewd community
oriented security model to limit security hazard; examines how unique
advancements, for example, enormous information, surrounding insight, and
wearables can be utilized in a human services setting; addresses different IoT
and e-Health strategies and controls over the world to decide how they can
encourage economies and social orders as far as manageable improvement; and
gives a few roads to future research on IoT-construct medicinal services based
with respect to an arrangement of open issues and difficulties.

Pradeep Kumar,  Rajkumar
Saini, Pawan Kumar Sahu,  Partha
Pratim Roy, Debi Prosad Dogra,
Balasubramanian in 3 introduces an assistive structure to function smart phone through
the usage of EEG signals. In their paper, they proposed an assistive structure
“Neuro-telephone” to function smart phones utilizing
Electroencephalographic (EEG) motions by individual with disability. Their
structure can perform fundamental operations of cell phone according to the
mind wave directions. Their investigation of the signs has been performed
utilizing Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and the characterization has been
performed utilizing Hidden Markov Model (HMM) classifier. EEG signs of 9 cerebral
instructions from 8 members have been recorded, according to them, utilizing an
Android worked Smartphone. They mention that a precision of 68.69% has been
recorded utilizing HMM based arrangement. The outcomes demonstrate the
viability of their proposed system that can be utilized as a part of future
versatile BCI applications and other human services assistive methods. 


In Sierra Leone, various social,
private, and open division elements have grasped the chance to offer casual disability
screening and training through a mobile app (application) preinstalled on cell
phones. The application advancement group has since recognized important inabilities;
assembled a database of portrayals, causes, indications, medicines, and maintenance
resources; and composed a screening device. The underlying adaptation of the
application was field tried in Sierra Leone in May 2016, incorporating broad
engagement with wellbeing specialists and group individuals. This article 4 by Emma Hebert, William Ferguson, Spencer
McCullough, Margaret
Chan, Arsen
Drobakha, Sarah Ritter
and Khanjan
Mehta reviews the vital case for the application, its underlying
plan, the consequences of field testing, and present and future directions for
their venture.


The target of the Minitrack in 5 proposed by Janet Brigham, Benjamin Schooley, Rochelle Rosen
and Beth Bock
is to address the difficulties confronting mobile and Internet-based healthcare
related applications and gadgets. They emphasis on how human services experts
and shoppers alike are powerless against doubtful techniques that have not been
subjected to testing for ease of use, adequacy, viability, or positive results.
The papers in this Minitrack investigate approaches to urge adherence to treatment
conventions, business and engagement of people with inabilities/disabilities,
enhance monitoring of transmittable diseases, and outline collaborations that
draw on patients as partners.


A review in 6 
of exploration on another wearable PC called eButton is introduced by Mingui Sun, Zhi-Hong Mao,
 Lora E.
Burke, Yiran Chen, Yicheng Bai,
Hsin-Chen Chen, Yuecheng Li, Wenyan Jia
and Chengliu Li.
The ideas of its plan and electronic usage are portrayed. A few uses of the
eButton are depicted, including assessing diet and physical movement,
contemplating inactive conduct, helping the visually impaired (helping the
blind) and physically weakened individuals, and monitoring elders and adults
experiencing dementia.


R. Casas, A. Marco, I. Plaza, Y. Garrido
and J. Falco
describes about a ZigBee-based system alarm for enveloping healthcare in rural
areas, in 7.This
paper elaborates about a alarm framework appropriate for inescapable human
services in case of healthcare in rural areas is exhibited. Exploiting ZigBee
highlights, users can make movement uninhibitedly around their ongoing
condition while appreciating steady security. The subsequent framework is
financially savvy, effortlessly sent (no wiring is required) and the cell
phone’s batteries keep going for quite a long time. The UI is a key issue when
working with the elderly and those with disabilities. To guarantee appropriate
ease of use and abstain from deserting of the gadget, an alarm identification
methodology has been created and appeared differently in relation to
end-clients. The application situation is the disengaged town of Fortanete,
Spain, where the self-manageability of the system is necessary. In this
condition, administration of the alarm depends upon the client’s relatives and
neighbors to take care of any issues that emerge. Security and moral
contemplations have additionally been tended to, as this sort of system can
conceivably attack the clients’ privacy; subjective disabilities of the clients
likewise make it obligatory. 


A model of a mechanical patient locating
and medicine providing mobile-robot for older adult citizens is represented by Yasothaa Kalai
Chelvam and Norshuhani
Zamin in 8. Inability to take a medication of the correct measurements, at
the perfect time makes minor social healthcare issues turn out to be more
terrible. This is to a great degree dangerous for the elderly patients who
experience issues in monitoring their medicine. Subsequently, M3DITRACK3R, a
mechanized drug dispenser which keep tracks of the measurement and length
between every utilization would be advantageous for elder citizens living
freely. Elderly patients that have maturing issues, for example, dementia or
Alzheimer’s sickness experience issues to recall their duties. Poor vision as
one of the benefactors for medicine utilization mistakes, for example,
misdosage since the elderly thinks that it’s troublesome to peruse the
guideline on the prescription case, and distinguishing the correct measurement
of the medication. Physical disabilities, for example, joint inflammation make
it troublesome for elderly patients to open the top of a vacuum tight
pharmaceutical jug. Subsequently, this paper represents an automated
application alluded as M3DITRACK3R that can track the area of patient utilizing
the infrared sensor and apportions prescription at the correct measurements and
at the opportune time. The equipment and programming configuration are laid out
in light of basic audits made over the current frameworks. Execution test and
client acknowledgment test have been directed and tasteful outcomes are


Critical Evaluation

All the work laid by the researchers is worth a great deal of
importance. Their gadgets and applications are similar to the one that is being
proposed but it may fill some gaps of limitations given by the previously
described researches and work of the developers. The proposed system is also a
mobile application which will be helpful in tracking down the patient’s health
and keep their loved and precious ones informed in any case of emergency,
health hazard or physical break down. The proposed system will be structures as
all the aspects are kept in mind to give a great, absolute and user-friendly
answer to major difficulties that are confronted by disable and special people.1.1                       
Overview/ Background

Currently, in telecom
industry every service provider wants to generate maximum revenue and is trying
to provide the best services to its customers but here the main drawback is
every company is providing almost the same services and being the customer, subscribing
the service is the difficult task. So being a service provider “customer’s
Nayatel is now also providing the same services on less or equal scale. Hence,
for PTCL the main concern is to protectively identify which customers
unsubscribe them soon.

Keeping this in account
we designed a customer “churn detection model”. Customer churn is the term
which shows the client or a subscriber who is in the phase to leave the company
or a service. Especially, it is going on repetitively in the media transmission
industry and the telecom enterprises are additionally in a position to hold
their client to maintain a strategic distance from the income misfortune.
Forecast of such conduct is extremely essential for the present market and
rivalry and Data mining is the one of the successful strategy for the same. The
proposed project will provide data mining methods and models which will assist
us to detect the customer churn of an organization or service.


Problem Description

Customer churn hinders
progress, so organizations ought to have a characterized technique for figuring
customer churn in a given timeframe. By monitoring and observing churn rate,
associations are prepared to decide their customer maintenance achievement
rates and recognize procedures for upgrading.

Different associations
ascertain customer churn rate in an assortment of routes, as churn rate can
speak to the aggregate number of customers lost, the level of clients lost contrasted
with the organization’s total client count, the benefit of repeating business
lost, or the percent of repeating esteem lost. Different associations figure
churn rate for a specific timeframe, for example, quarterly periods or monetary

In the current years,
customer churn is detected manually, which might prove to be a rather time
consuming and manual process. To solve such a problem and remove the manual
methods, our project would introduce a model which will use different
algorithms and most efficient out of all of them to detect customer churn
easily and conveniently for a company’s measure of progress and the
improvements that needs to be done to remove customer churn.


Project Objectives

To design such a model
which will use different algorithms to detect customer churn in a company or
service and to select the most efficient algorithm for detecting churn.



Project Scope

The “Customer churn
detection” is mainly modeled for companies like Telecom enterprises, such as
PTCL (PAKISTAN TELECOMMUNICATION LIMITED) and Nayatel. It can also be modeled
for other businesses, such as clothing line, gadget companies, cosmetic
companies etc, with the progress and enhancement of its design basis. The
project can be adjusted or designed according to a company’s type but
currently, the project model is designed for Telecom enterprises.


The prototype will be an
interface of “WEKA” having train Model (according to algorithms).

The model will be trained and
tested on the previous records of customer data set (the data set will be
according to .csv or .arff format) and it will be given the latest Data set of
customers and the results will compare with current status of customer.

The accuracy of the model to
predict churn will be 80-90%. The graphical results of the prediction will also
be shown in the project.


Feasibility Study

The above
mentioned project is according to business need of retaining the loyal
customers hence customer’s retention is not priority but sometime acquiring new
customer might be more expensive than retaining the old one

Risks Involved:


The data set gets an anomaly
that we are unaware of.

If a customer, who is out of
station or has financial issues, is unable to subscribe or purchase a company’s
service then he will be shown as a churn customer in the results.


Resource Requirement:


Data set


Storage device

Hardware to deploy the project


Solution Application Areas

The “Customer churn detection” is applicable and designed
for Telecom enterprises, currently. A Telecom company such as PTCL (PAKISTAN
TELECOMMUNICATION LIMITED) is our solution application area. For PTCL, which is
currently a huge Telecom service, has a lot of customers and there is a need of
a model which would detect customer churn for their business. The project will
prove beneficial for the company in terms of improving their product, keeping
the customer entertained with their upgrading products and reduce their
customer churn rates.  


Tools and Technology


A compatible computer machine








I'm Isaac!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out