There people” (A. Shone and B. Perry, page

There are several definitions to the word event. “Events
are temporary and purposive gatherings of people” (Bladen et al, 2012: “Blend
of management, program, setting and people” (Bowdin et al, 2011: p17). According
to the Oxford online dictionary, an event is a planned public or social
occasion. A society is a community of people living in a particular country or
region who share the same customs, laws and organizations. Today, events are
central to our culture, as perhaps never before. We have seen an increase in
leisure time and discretionary spending that has lead to the rapid increase of
public events. Many countries now use events to support and promote their
destination economically and touristically (Bowdin et al 2006, page 3). When it comes to events, there are many
different types of categorizations and typologies. For example, Shone and Perry
have categorized events into 4 different categories. “Special events are the
phenomenon arising from those non-routine occasions which have leisure,
cultural, personal and organizational objectives set apart from the normal
activity of daily life, and whose purpose is to enlighten, celebrate, entertain
or challenge the experience of a group of people” (A. Shone and B. Perry, page
4). Getz puts events into seven different categories according to their
purpose. “The events we are considering are planned for one or more purposes, they
do not just happen, and they are all unique” (Getz, page 40). Bowdin et al
however, have categorized events by size or by form and content. In this essay, we will discuss the
difference between Getz’s and Bowdin’s events typologies, we will continue by
explaining the role that events have on society by comparing and contrasting
three different types of events and finally we will conclude by debating
whether some events are more beneficial for society than others.



“Planned events occupy and temporarily transform spaces (or
venues), and for the duration of the event one’s experience of that place is
altered” (Getz, page 40). Getz has identified seven different types of
events. Cultural celebrations (festivals, commemorations, or carnivals), business
and trade events (meetings, conventions or exhibitions), arts and entertainment
events (concerts, shows or award ceremonies), sports and recreation events
(leagues and championships), political and state events (summits, royal
spectacles, VIP visits), private functions (birthdays, weddings, reunions,
galas) and educational events (seminars, workshops). (Events 1a lecture, 2017).

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His typology is based primarily on their form and according to Getz; any of
these events can fulfill multiple functions (Getz, page 40). Forms or themes
are the primary concern of event planners and designers or at least their usual
starting point. There are some basic and general forms for meetings, sports
events, fairs and festivals that can be taught, although they might sometimes
differ from culture in their style and meanings (Getz, page 41). The function
is the purpose of the event, why is the event held and what is its intended
outcome (Getz, page 43). Sometimes an event’s form and function might overlap
(Getz, page 42).


     Bowdin et al however, have categorized
events by size or by form and content. The events that are in the size category
include local or community events (events that target local audience and have a
fun and social value), mega events (events impacting whole economies and the
right to host usually requires a bidding process), hallmark events (events that
become synonymous with the name of the city or region they are held in), and
major events (events that attract a huge number or attendees and have wide
media coverage). The events that are categorized by content or form are
cultural events, which can also be considered major events (Bowdin et al, page
18), sports events, and business 


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