There fabricating some facts that can create hoaxes,

There
is a growing interest in the use of social media helped with the spreading of
fake news to masses. Due to technological advancements that society have
nowadays, companies related to this, internet companies arises, such as
Facebook, Twitter, Google, and many other more. Evidently, this generation uses
this advancement for posting anything that they want on the internet. With
this, users of social media has the liberty to post anything, because of this
some of these users can post fake news which for some can be easily manipulated
by these posts that they see on social media. Taken away from its original
definition, fake news is now used
sarcastically, to describe any news or information that someone dislikes
(Kirchick, 2017). These teenagers may have the inability to critique and
identify the credibility, validity, and the legitimacy of  news articles. The issue of spreading fake
news can be a serious problem because of fabricating some facts that can create
hoaxes, conspiracies, and controversies that can affect the people.

Furthermore, the
problem of fake news needs the attention of the masses so that they will not be
deceived or manipulated easily everything that they see on the internet. For example,
the new president of the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte, appointed
Mocha Uson as the Assistant Secretary of PCOO (Presidential Communications
Operations Office), she posts on her social media accounts like Facebook and
Twitter, in which some questions her posts, which makes people think if her
post are really validated knowing the fact that she is a government official.
For instance, Mocha Uson, posted a news article that a 9-year old girl was
murdered due to a drug problem in the Philippines, which turned out to be
false, it is actually a 9-year old girl from Brazil who was raped and murdered
in 2014. She was then called by BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) then
Mocha Uson later took down the post (Arias, 2017). From this example, some
believed in the news that Mocha Uson posted, but it turns out she created a
whole new story so that she can get the attention of the masses regarding this
topic which is evidently being talked in our country.

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Cox (2017), young
children nowadays have access to the any type of news, whether from the
internet or from their television, yet these children are not equipped enough
from determining whether what they have seen or read is real. The NSPCC
(National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children), made a poll to
children regarding topics that they see on the news, the results showed that
these children fears are terrorism. Also, the increasing level of anxiety to
these children whether if the topic is about Donald Trump, terrorism, or North
Korea affects the lives of these children as they see this kind of “news”
everywhere. 32% of 12- to 15-year-olds who say
social media is one of their top news sources believe news accessed through
these sites is always, or mostly, reported truthfully, compared to 59% who say
this about TV and 59% about radio. These are only some examples on how
the spreading of fake news can affect one’s life, the public needs to pay
attention on what they read, and need to ask themselves whether if it is real
or fake.

“We’ve severely discounted the traditional processes related
to editing and news values and journalistic ethics that drove our culture for
most of the last century. We chose social media instead. We gave the tweet and
Facebook post the same credence we used to give to the newspaper and network
news” (Berry, 2017). Due to some fabrication facts this can be a cause of bias,
and unraveling the truth of the story that some journalists are trying to hide.
This may be a reason of threat to writers, it may cause their life. Last 2016,
115 journalist was killed by simply doing their job according to the annual
report of the (INSI) International
News Safety Institute (Greenslade, 2017).

Fake news can affect
the lives of the masses as it can bring confusion to the readers. If without
proper knowledge on how to spot real or fake news then the spreading of fake
news can still be noticed. Even though some of these news articles may have be
debunked but the spread of fake news is still out there, we just don’t know how
to distinguish it. Fake news can be used for propaganda, hiding facts so that
the public would not be at fright when something tragic happens, or used for
bias, whether the writer writes something bad or good about that person or that
topic that they wrote in which some of these readers may have been deceived.

Fake news can really
look deceiving so some companies are trying to help the public to distinguish
real news from fake news. BBC journalists Kamal Ahmed, Tina Daheley, Amol
Rajan, and Huw Edwards are helping or mentoring students on how to indentify
fake news, aimed schools are secondary schools across United Kingdom.  “… What I am hoping to see, and what I am actually seeing,
is that other news organizations are taking our lead and contextualizing their
fact checking … Which is exactly, I think, what Facebook is trying to do as
well” said by Binkowski. By this, the spread of fake news can somehow be
decreased because we will now be educated and every post can now be filtered
and double check before letting it be posted.

If the spreading of fake news would not stop, it can continue
the confusion of facts, and we will never the truth, which is the purpose of
news which is to unveil the truth to the public. Of course the people who
writes or makes fake news can’t be stopped, but at least as readers we must not
be easily deceived on anything that we see on the internet. Now, if this
continues we won’t know on who to trust on telling the truth about what is
happening, the news, we won’t really know if the writer is either telling the
truth or whether the writer is fabricating or not telling the truth at all. All
of us will never know the true side of the story, then us, the readers, jump
into conclusions that is far from what really happened.

 

The
research to date has tended to focus on the role of social media in spreading
fake news. People has a social media account can see anything on their feed,
like sports, music, videos, and news. With these news articles that they see on
their social media accounts, they tend to somehow believe in it, believing that
these news articles are indeed real. With this, it is a necessity to the users
of social media on learning how to distinguish fake news to real news.

            When a flash report has been heard of, the masses
progressively relies on social media or to the internet to keep updated on what
is happening. In this kind of situation, relying on social media will not be of
a big help because some of the facts may still change. With this, these users
not double checking the facts may create rumors based from unverified facts
because these facts has not yet been proven.

            “Is that a surprise? We’ve
severely discounted the traditional processes related to editing and news
values and journalistic ethics that drove our culture for most of the last
century. We chose social media instead. We gave the tweet and Facebook post the
same credence we used to give to the newspaper and network news.” Berry (2016)
said, founder of Palo Alto Software and Bplans.com 

A Pew
Research Center conducted a study after the 2016 elections, the results: 64%
adults believed in fake new that caused them a lot of confusion, and 23% adults
saying that they spread stories of fabricated political news. After this, the
respondents were asked to choose from two options, whether the spread of false
information will be improved or not, 495 chose that it will be improved but 51%
of these respondents chose that it will not be improved in the next 10 years or
so. This study shows on how the spreading of fake news can affect a lot of
people. If fake news cannot be stopped, then a lot of confusions will spread
amongst the masses on which to believe in. Let the masses have the knowledge on
how to distinguish fake news to real news so that confusions will no longer
take place. 

However, majority say that the problem
is the people spreading this fake news, but others do not think so. For them,
it is the fault of the social media company. Congress grilled Facebook, Google and Twitter
execs this week over issues related to fake news and Russian meddling in the
U.S. election. These social media platforms can fight last year’s battles, but
they need to look forward to solving next year’s “fake news” problems
to be truly effective.

A considerable amount of research has been done on the spreading
of fake news but little research has been seen on the role of social media in spreading
fake news. Moreover, this continues to be a problem, because not a lot of users
know how to distinguish fake news to real news. This is a problem in the long
run due to fake news spreading rumors, hoaxes, and conspiracies which will just
cause more confusion.

There
had already been changes in cellular and mobile phones. There were also
advancements in the use of the internet. Due to these innovations, this
generation is more than capable of influencing different people through the use
of social media, a standout innovation used by mostly everyone in today’s
society. According to studies, teenagers are the most frequent users of the
internet, more specifically, social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter,
Instagram, Snapchat, and the like. Through these platforms, news and
information are made accessible to the masses. These teenagers may have the
inability to discriminate and identify the credibility, validity, and
legitimacy of news articles.

The
purpose of the study is to know the role of social in spreading of fake news to
the Mandaluyong High School Grade 12 students. This project aims to help, to
educate these high school students on how to spot fake news online,
distinguishing fake news to real news that they see on the internet, so that
they would not be tricked by everything that they see on the internet, and also
develop critical thinking.

This
research studies the role of social media in spreading fake news to the
Mandaluyong High School Grade 12 students. Researchers will invite a few of the
journalists and experts that they were able to interact with and interview to
give a talk or a symposium to the Grade 12 students of Mandaluyong High School.
After the talk, flyers will also be given away on the same date. Study will be
done for one month. 

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