The who has been attacked with mustard

The poem, ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’, was written during First World War in northern France and is known for its horrendous vision and agony of war. Wilfred Owen, was a brilliant poet who died in action in France before signing the treaty that ended the First World War. The speaker lets us be aware of what happens on the battlefields, and how much the soldiers suffer from the toxic fumes. It deals with both loss and deep sadness which is shown throughout the poem. In this poem, Owen tells of some disturbing and awakening events he has experienced during battle that have changed his view on war drastically and led him to have a bias against war. The poet, Wilfred Owen, was deeply affected by the experience of First World War. In the other past wars, the soldiers would line up and charge one another. While, in the First World War, chaos and destruction were the only rules. This inspired him to write Dulce Et Decorum Est because to tell the readers his perspective on war which is that it is not all glorious. He describe what it was like for men who has been attacked with mustard gas. As the soldiers in the poem detect the gas, he narrates how that lone soldier does in agony. Death is the primary theme in ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’, it wasn’t revealed in the poem except in the Latin word ‘mori’ which means ‘to die’. The soldier who experienced gas attack, it is described as drowning and the physical features and ugliness of this process made noticeable. The poet strategically portraying his readers through the frightful reality of life in a battlefield, changes patriotic passion into a kind of detrimental life force. Seemingly everyone lost in a fog of war or in the idle ideals that sacrifice youth on to the war.’Dulce et Decorum Est’ contains four stanzas of different lengths. Wilfred Owen uses the structure of his poem to reflect the message in the poem. The initial fourteen lines depict the situation and the event which take place, the last fourteen lines shows the aftermath of what has happened and Wilfred Owen’s thought on it. The final four lines are his ultimatum to the readers to avoid the same suffering in the future. Also, the length of the final stanza is much longer, and the movement becomes slower that seems like the funeral march – the soldier is carried in the wagon, dying slowly. There is the sense of the unreal, like nightmares (as Wilfred Owen points out) as the wagon moves. The substantiality and misery of the man is reflected in the slightly dull and routine ab ab rhyme-scheme. The long ‘ing’ rhymes also have the effect when readers read, repeating the horror of slow drowning. The start of this poem, readers are immersed in the atmosphere of war. The trenches of the First World War, full of mud and death. It’s a shocking environment into which the reader is taken – oppressive, dangerous and without any real hope. The poet want the readers to inform that welfare is anything but glorious so he gives us an imagery of gloomy, realistic, human picture of life at the frontline. As a result, he leaves us in no doubt about his feelings. ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’ has an extensive use of similes whose function is to illustrate as graphically as possible the gruesome features of war and specifically the gas attack. He starts the poem with “like old beggars” (line 1) the soldiers are being compared to old beggars, meaning the soldiers are deprived of joy, has the same health as old people and who beg for a living. In line 23, he expresses “bitter as the cud / of vile incurable sores” Wilfred Owen uses ‘cud’ (food of a ruminant regurgitated to be chewed again) as an imagery that equalizes humans with herd animals such as cattle and buffalo, while conveying the acidic stinging effect of the soldier’s blood which has been degraded by the gas consumption. Wilfred Owen uses alliteration that builds throughout the poem as the suffering worsens. In line 24, “Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,— ” Owen underlines the unforeseen dissimilarity between the ‘incurable’ nature of the wound and the ‘innocence’ of the victim. He also uses alliteration in the title of the poem, ‘Dulce’ and ‘Decorum’ are two Latin disputable, positive and abstract nouns meaning ‘sweet’ and ‘honourable’, which he mentions again in the final lines of the poem. United as they are by the same sound of ‘et’ and ‘Est’, he sets a pattern for the alliteration as the pain worsens. This lets the readers sense that the mood of the poem is continuously bitter and harsh. On the other hand, ‘In Flanders Fields’ by John McCrae; the poet, was a medical specialist and university professor in Canada who witnessed his deceased friend, Alexis Helmer, in the Second Battle of Ypres and treated wounded soldiers in France which encourage him to write ‘In Flanders Fields’ as a response. Alexis left his dugout and was killed instantly by a direct hit from an 8 inch German shell. It is a lyric in the format of a French rondeau. A rondeau consists of three stanzas with a total of fifteen lines. The poem is about soldiers who died fighting for their country, and Flanders Fields is a graveyard. The poem is from the view of the dead soldiers as it also has a very emotional and dramatic tone such as peaceful, sad and morbid which are supported by the rhyme scheme and the word choice. ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’ and ‘In Flanders Fields’ are both anti-war poems. Even though the poems are written in the same era; both poems show a perspective on how is war represented. Wilfred Owen and John McCrae uses different literary devices such as simile, alliteration and imagery, major themes that the poets portray and how the poem is written.

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