battle of the parties for control of public offices. Good and bad times of
the two major parties are a standout amongst the most vital components in
American legislative issues.
channels through which individuals’ worries turned out to be political issues
on the administration’s policy agenda. In the United States, linkage
institutions incorporate political parties, elections, interest groups, and
with different parties for different holds of office positions. It has become
the standard in American voting protocol.
political party organization that requires different incentives and money
giving opportunities to attain more votes, including the usage of patronage.
One of the
incentives used to garner more votes where a patronage gives a job, contract,
or promotion that is distributed to attain political power, rather than
distributed to merit.
where individuals who are registered to a party and have provided loyalty to
a certain party can only vote for those party’s candidates, not others, in
order to encourage more party loyalty.
where individuals can select nominations to party candidates and can decide
whether to go Democratic or
convention where the party meets every four years and the delegates decide
the presidential nominee and the platform of the party
of people who share a similar interest where the party is reliant upon.
of time in history where more voters would select the party in power which
would help that party win more elections.
A drastic change
in the electoral where there is a crisis and current coalitions are in effect
and the other party replaces the previous majority party.
of the majority party by the minority party.
who dealign with the current party and start leaning towards the center away
from the parties.
other party that rarely win elections besides the major two parties.
system where the tickets in legislature is only given to the nominee who
comes first in elections.
system where tickets in legislature is distributed to all nominees based on
multiple parties combine to create a majority in the legislature of the
the democratic party representatives identify as conservative democrats
the nominee or the candidate is official for the running of office by a
The strategy which
candidates use to layout for their campaign.
within each of the parties. The convention meets every four years to nominate
the presidential and vice-presidential candidates and to write the party’s
party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the democratic
national party convention.
of all state party leaders for selecting delegates to the national party
convention. Caucuses are usually organized as a pyramid.
in which voters in a state vote for a candidate (or delegates pledged to him
or her). Most delegates to the national party conventions are chosen this
tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to
capitalize on media attention.
party’s statement of its policies for the next four years.
method via either online mail or snail mail of raising money for a political
cause or candidates
passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal
Election Commission (FEC), provided public financing for presidential
primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending,
required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.
bipartisan agency created by the FECA of 1974. The FEC administers and
enforces campaign finance laws.
from the $3 federal income tax check-off goes into this fund, which is then
distributed to qualified candidates to subsidize their presidential
that will be supplied in an amount matching the funds available from other
contributions earmarked for party-building expenses at the grassroots level
or for generic party advertising. Unlike money that goes to the campaign of a
particular candidate, such party donations are not subject to contribution
that mobilize voters with issue advocacy advertisements on television and
radio but may not directly advocate the election or defeat of a particular candidate
tax-exempt groups organized under section 501(c) of the
Internal Revenue Code that can engage in varying amounts of political
activity, depending on the type of group.
vehicles created by the 1974 campaign finance reforms. A corporation, union,
or some other interest group can create a PAC and register it with the FEC,
which will meticulously monitor the PAC’s expenditures.