The problem is that too many parents are using violence on their children as a form of “punishment and are not aware of more effective and less harmful alternatives”. Physical punishment is the cause of a lot of mental disorders in young children these days, including such symptoms as depression, unhappiness, anxiety, feelings of hopelessness, use of drugs and alcohol, and general psychological altering inhibitors. “Researchers are also finding that physical punishment is connected to slower cognitive development and adversely affects academic achievement” (Elliman & Lynch, 2012). Punishment “Punishment intended to purposely cause physical pain to a child in response to that child’s wrong doing is the definition of corporal punishment”. Elliman and Lynch indicate in the BMJ Journals that: Discipling your child using such approaches such as spanking, whipping, or any physical torment to a child can cause severely high risk of intellectual health troubles starting from anxiety and depression to alcohol and drug abuse, there have also been several reports to prove when parents hit their children it can cause an extra distant parent child relationship later on in life. Relationships that have been affected due to corporal punishment may be mediated by way of disruptions in parent– child attachment as a result of pain inflicted with the aid of a caregiver, by elevated levels of cortisol or by means of chemical disruption of the brains mechanism for regulating stress. Researcher workers are exploring the idea that physical punishment is related to slower cognitive development and the adverse effects it has on academic achievement. Why have parents continued to discipline their children with all these harsh and violent ways throughout the decades? Well I believe that there are many parents who do not want to fully invest in their children and take the time out to teach and spend time in daily lessons instead they turn to violent quick ways to punish their child and teach them the same lesson that could have been taught in a less violent way. Some parents want to take the “easy” way and think that’s going to teach the kid but in all actuality, you’re not teaching the child anything other than showing him/her that problems can be solved though violence. PMC Studies According to Elliman, D., and Margaret A. Lynch in the US National Institutes of Health’s and National Library of Medicine (NIM): One of the first largest prospective studies of antisocial behavior, sex, family, socioeconomic status, and degrees of emotional support and cognitive stimulation inside the home indicated a link between ‘normative’ physical punishment and child aggression, delinquency and spousal assault in later life. Some of these studies involved large representative samples from the United States. Despite those controls, physical punishment between the ages of six and nine years predicted higher levels of antisocial behavior in later years of life. Subsequent prospective studies yielded similar results, whether they controlled for parental age, child age, race and own family structure; poverty, infant age, emotional support, cognitive stimulation, sex, race and the interactions amongst those variables; or other elements. These studies strongly suggest with the evidence that I have gathered that physical punishment is a risk factor for children’s aggression to get to out of control to the point where it ultimately causes that child to show symptoms of antisocial behavior. In some cases, it could cause that child to get out control to the point where that kid could end up in jail or even worse. All of this because parents find it necessary to ‘discipline’ their children using unhealthy mental altering techniques or in other words spanking. Search Effects of Physical Punishment “The effects of corporal punishment are well documented and upsetting. Studies reveal that children who were punished by their parents were more likely to be aggressive with classmates, siblings, and parents; the study also showed the children to have strange or different sexual desires, suicidal thoughts, increased risk of being a criminal, as well as lower paying jobs later in life. Contrary to what we are told as parents, a number of studies show that whipping children actually places them at a higher risk for mental and behavior problems”. Studies show when spanking is allowed in school, children have a higher rate of student violence along with higher homicide rates. Furthermore, corporal punishment should not be allowed in the schools and especially in the houses Attitudes toward Corporal Punishment Most of the parents in the United States support the use of corporal punishment. This is mostly due to the fact that Americans live in a more violent and acceptable country; certainly, in relation to children and adolescents. In fact, parents who do not to spank their children are considered outsiders and do not fit in with the norm of our society. They may feel the need to justify their decision not to spank, however you do not owe anyone an explanation for how you raise your child. Although, child punishment is still commonly used in the US. Studies show a higher number of Americans prefer punishment over other methods. Most studies reveal that 90 percent of children in the US have experienced some form of physical punishment. What you may find amazing, however, is that the use of corporal punishment starts during infancy and continues into the teenage years. Over one half of American parents believe that spanking or hitting a teenager is necessary. Furthermore, studies of college students show that a weighty proportion have been hit by a parent at least once in life. It should be noted, however, that attitudes towards corporal punishment vary from area to area. Many Americans who are in the closet and do not speak out about corporal punishment do, in fact, use it at home. On the other hand, there are those that agree with corporal punishment, but do not practice it in their home. Toddlers are no exception to corporal punishment, almost all four-year old’s have been spanked by their parents. A parent that has their own experience with corporal punishment seems more likely to use spankings and beating on their own children regardless of age. Interestingly, in one study parents with a higher education level (regardless if they were spanked or not) chose not to use corporal punishment on their children. Religion and Corporal Punishment Historically support for corporal punishment in the U.S. has always been favored and linked to religion. Violence against children can be dated back to biblical times. However, the forms of punishment in today’s world would have been considered severe abuse. Parents were told in order to control wayward children they needed to use swaddling, whipping, drowning, and abandonment. The Puritans believed in a literal since when a child sins you should “beat the devil out of him/her”. Up until 15 years ago U.S. schools used corporal punishment in school in order to “control” the students. There were also reports of special ed. teachers hitting students, banging their heads on the desk, pushing them against the wall, and they even went as far as rubbing hot sauce in their face. In the 1970s, it was found that Baptists were more likely to use corporal punishment in the home than any other denomination. In general, physical punishment is highly supported by Fundamental Protestants than by others. Christians from more the southern Baptist (conservative) upbringing mostly view the family as the wife along with child are submissive to the husband or head of the household. Catholics and Protestants are more likely to support corporal punishment in schools. Not surprisingly, Southern Baptists views do not change due to new science or research which shows the negative effects of corporal punishment. Summary The way some parents punish their children is just horrible, corporal punishment under any circumstances is just cruel and it should be put to a stop. Instead of spanking or popping your child parents should find alternative ways to punish children. There more alternative means of punishment that will teach your child the same lesson without the mental strain of corporal punishment.