The beings oppress human beings forever, where the

The
dystopian genre is fiction where human beings oppress human beings forever,
where the state’s oppression maintains its rule by systems of technological
control unknown to civilisations prior to modernity. In the world state of
Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, the
first chapter introduces us to ‘A squat grey
building of only thirty-four stories’1. Over the main entrance
the words, ‘CENTRAL LONDON HATCHERY AND CONDITIONING CENTRE, and, in a shield,
the World State’s motto, COMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY’2. We are immediately
introduced to two key facets of the dystopian genre. Firstly, babies are
‘hatched’ and conditioned rather than born and developed. Here natural
functions of the human body are abolished and replaced by science. Initially, successfully
engineering these conditions produces a world where people are finally living
happily. It eliminates the instability of nature. The World State in this case
is depicted as a utopia as it portrayed as a ‘paradisiacal place’3 as Gregory Claeys notes in
The Cambridge Companion to Utopian
Literature, as there is no sign of poverty or disease. The second facet of the dystopian genre here is the Enlightenment
values of liberty and equality are gone, and changed into their opposites; a
community where no individual freedom is allowed, an identity which obliterates
difference, advocating stability.

1 Aldous Huxley, Brave New World, (Vintage: 2014), p.15.

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2 Aldous Huxley,
p.15.

3 Gregory
Claeys, p.5.

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