Teen depression is a very serious topic and disease that needs to be discussed as it is a growing epidemic not only in the u.s but in the world as a whole. Depression affects over 20% of adolescents. It is a disorder that disturbs their mood,causes a loss of interest or pleasure in activities they should enjoy, and makes themirritable. Several things are thought to be correlated with depression in adolescents.Some examples include, a failure to individuate, and insecure attachments.Major depression can also run in cycles. Following their first depressed episode, some people recover for a period of years, then lapse back into a depressed state. The periods of depression may come and go without being provoked by any particular events. As with the milder dysthymia, major depression has been linked to a malfunction of the neurotransmitters in the brain. Research in this area continues to shed light on this once mysterious disease. A recent study shows that the brains of people with major depression process glucose much faster than normal. This seems to be related to the sleep disorders that are common among people with the disease.Teens with depressedparents are two to three times as likely as other teensto have major depression, and so may inherit a tendency towardthe disease. However, environmental factors may playan important role as well, as major depression shows up inmany teens who have suffered physical or sexual abuse.It is hard to overestimate the importance of early treatmentfor major depression. The adolescent suicide rate inthis country has increased over 200 percent in the lastdecade, and without effective treatment, many depressedteens grow up to become depressed adults. Treatment mayinclude psychotherapy, individual and family counseling,and antidepressant drugs, and no single formula works foreveryone. As an actor who has suffered from major depressiondescribes it, Each one of us is like a chemical electricalmachine that’s absolutely different from the other andis changing every moment we exist. . . . You have to shoparound for the right doctor, the right medicines.Major depression responds well to treatment. The majorityof people treated are able to recover completely.Other forms of depression are less widespread. There are several forms of depression which include bipolar,major depression,persistent depressive disorder,seasonal affective disorder,psychotic depression,peripartum (postpartum) depression,premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and situational depression. Thats 8 types of depression in an ocean of a battle teens are facing. But we tell them simple remedies like it will be ok, or toughen up.As if depression weren’t already hard to diagnose, many people especially teens do their best to hide it. They see depression as a weakness and think they should be able to conquer it on their own. When they fail in their battle, they feel helpless and ashamed. It is important to understand that depression is a disease, just as real as heart disease or cancer. It has real, physical causes and can be treated medically. In the words of one expert, Not treating a depression is like not having a broken leg fixed or not treating pneumonia. There’s a ton of debate over what starts or causes depression some say its hereditary others say its determined by one’s experience or history. According to the Austrian doctor Sigmund Freud. In Freud’s view, personality was determined mostly by a person’s experiences. He was convinced that what happens to someone as a child shapes his or her thoughts, feelings, and ways of dealing with the world throughout life. This became the view of most doctors for many years as Freud’s school of thought formed the basis of modern psychiatry. Freud’s ideas, however, failed to convince everyone. One of the doctors who saw things differently was Carl Jung, a student of Freud who rebelled against his teaching. Jung believed that there were two main personality types: introverted and extroverted. Since the same parents, treating each of their children in much the same way, often had children with both personality types, he believed that children were born with these traits. Other researchers took this theory further in later years. A psychologist at Harvard, Jerome Kagan, did studies on three hundred infants, then followed them throughout their childhood to see whether the personalities they seemed to be born with changed.as inhibited 5 or 6 years earlier. Kagan concluded thatabout 15 percent of children are born inhibited, or shy, andthat the majority of them would remain so as adults.Some of the strongest evidence that certain traits are inheritedcomes from studies of twins. These studies showthat between 33 and 70 percent of identical twins, whoshare the same genetic makeup, develop the same psychologicaldisorders. In fraternal twins, who are biologicallydifferent, only 20 percent have the same illness.