South in their capacity to construct a durable

South African’s
rainbow nation idealism is in stark contrast to the reality of a country that
is plagued by crime, a lack of employment opportunities and a failing public
education system.

Crime can adversely affect
family life, community cohesion, productive working and general wellbeing.   This
makes understanding and combatting crime imperative. To understand South
Africa’s high level of crime, it is critical that it is examined inside the
setting that it occurs. Crime is a global phenomenon; however South Africa is a
nation dealing with unique and complex dynamics surrounding crime. The present
South African culture originates from a past loaded with viciousness and
persecution, essentially because of the inheritance of the
politically-sanctioned racial segregation framework, which has profoundly
affected the manner in which the populace contributes in their capacity to
construct a durable national persona.

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South African’s live
in fear, to the extent that they do not feel safe enough to walk alone in broad
daylight in public use areas or enable their kids to play unreservedly in the
areas they live in. Regardless of the presence of twenty years of democracy,
the country keeps confronting difficulties identified with crime and violence.
Today, this legacy continues to influence South Africa and is exacerbated by
new difficulties.

South Africa has the
greatest and most prominent HIV epidemic on the planet, with an estimated 7.1
million individuals living with HIV in 2017. 33% of every single new infection
in 2017 were in one country: South Africa

In South Africa, the
connection has been made between a person’s socio-economic background and the
probability that an individual will test positive for HIV. The individuals who
have taken a HIV test and know their status will probably have a higher level
of education, have correct HIV information, be employed and have a better
understanding of the risks associated with HIV.

Discovered primarily
among adults in the vicinity of 20 and 40 years of age, it directly influences
the workforce and the most productive years of an employee.

HIV additionally
harms the uninfected children who exist as orphans, with their parents being
casualties to Aids. The number of HIV-infected children, who are probably going
to grow up as orphans in government institutions, is another cost to society.

 

 

 

Related to this, and
especially important to youth violence is the disturbing absence of employment
opportunities for youngsters. The evidence suggests that this is a multifaceted
issue. South Africa has one of the highest unemployment rates on the planet,
with a little more than 27.7% of the nation’s populace are not employed which
implies there are 6.17 million jobless employment seekers in South Africa. Just
about a third (30.6%) of youth between the ages of 15 and 24 live in a
circumstance alluded to as NEET, which stands for “not in education,
employment and training “. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
Development’s youth unemployment rate indicator shows that South Africa has the
worst youth unemployment rate among 36 countries across the globe.

According to the
Quarterly Labour Force Survey released in August 2017, unemployment in South
Africa is still a huge issue.

In South Africa,
there are added challenges to finding employment, one being geographic
situation. Searching for work is costly and tedious. Employers are frequently
situated a long way from living arrangements, which means costly transport
costs for employees.  Living conditions,
wellbeing and being respectable are harder to keep up while jobless, making it
more difficult for a potential employer to employ you.

Another challenge is
the inadequate public education system. Those without a matric or tertiary
qualifications are significantly more inclined to be jobless.  Research by University of Stellenbosch
economist Servaas van der Berg has shown that only four% of those who began secondary
school in 2008 have a tertiary degree.

This relates to the
changing nature of the
labour market and
mismatches between the skills needed in the labour market and those provided
through the educational system. Research shows that a key difficulty confronting
young work seekers, specifically, is the fact that South Africa’s labour market
favours highly skilled employees.

The high demand for
skilled labour means that those with a post-secondary qualification and
experience are more prone to finding employment than those with only a matric
certificate.

Ways must be found to
move the work market to be more youth friendly. This involves employers being
encouraged to review their recruitment criteria to reach candidates who might
not normally be seen as employable.  An
example is the Harambee Youth Employment Accelerator (www.harambee.co.za) which
involves working with employers across sectors to promote inclusive hiring
practices that focus on young people.

 

 

Education plays a key
role in contributing to the capacity to obtain employment opportunities.  Government has made various efforts to
address the problem through various policy interventions, but this has not had
the desired effect of significantly reducing unemployment.  These policies include the Accelerated and
Shared Growth Initiative of South Africa (ASGISA), the Expanded Public Works
Programme (EPWP), industrial policy, Black Economic Empowerment (BEE), the New
Growth Path, and review of the trade policy among others.

Another solution
could be a national transport subsidy for job seekers. A pilot study is being
run by the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab. This is a simple solution
with a potentially high impact.

There is an open door
for the private sector to additionally step up and lend their support.  For private sector businesses, this corporate
social investment in our country’s youth may constitute one of its most
noteworthy commitments to our future.

Local-level youth
employability programmes, often run through non-governmental organisations and
private sector businesses, are another conceivable option. They enable
youngsters to get to data about jobs and bolster them to be more effective in
looking and applying for employment.

Education and
training is an extraordinary leveler, with which a winning nation can be
achieved. That requires responsibilities in genuine term from both the
government and private sector businesses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25865918

 

 

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