Smart advancements can be made to this

Smart Steering Wheel is an integrated system designed to ease and automate the process of tracking important parameters of the car, with assisting the driver for better and safe driving, helping prevent accidents. This will be done with the help of features like smart steering, drowsiness detection, GPS tracking, alcohol detection etc. Smart steering is a cover made to be wrapped around the steering wheel which will correct the driver’s hand position while driving, which can be further modified to provide features like panic assist. Drowsiness detector is a camera attached on the steering wheel which will keep a track of the driver’s eyes, and warn him if he seems unfit to drive due to drowsiness. Further advancements can be made to this project with the help of better access to technology, and more hands on time with an actual car, making the device more efficient.I. INTRODUCTIONSmart Steering Wheel is an integrated system designed to ease and automate the process of tracking important parameters of the car like engine oil health, tyre pressure, coolant health etc. with assisting the driver for better and safe driving, helping in preventing accidents.This will be done with the help of features like smart steering, parameter tracking, drowsiness detection, GPS tracking, alcohol detection, etc. Smart steering is cover made to be wrapped around the steering wheel  which  will correct the  driver hand position while driving, which can be further modified to provide features like panic assist. Drowsiness detector is a camera attachaed on the steering wheel that continously monitor the state of the driver and also notify the driver when he/she is not fit to drive.  Further advancements can be made to this project with the help of better access to technology, and more hands on time with an actual car, making the device more and more efficient and helpful.Nearly 1.2 million people die in road crashes each year, on average 3,286 deaths a day. An additional20-60 million are injured or disabled. More thanhalf of all road traffic deaths occur among young adults ages 15-45. Road traffic crashes rank as the9th leading cause of death and account for 2.1% of all deaths globally. Road crashes are the leading cause of death among young people ages 15-30, and the second leading cause of death worldwide among young people ages 5-14.Each year nearly400,000 people under 30 die on the world’s roads, on average over 1,000 a day. Over 90% of all road fatalities occur  in  low  and  middle-income countries, which have less than half of the world’svehicles. Road crashes cost USD $519 billion globally, costing individual countries from 1-2% of their annual GDP. Road crashes cost low and middle-income countries USD $65 billion annually, exceeding the total amount received in developmental assistance. Unless action is taken, road traffic injuries are predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death in a decade.The leading causes of road accidents are:1.    Distracted Driving2.    Speeding3.    Drunk Driving4.    Reckless Driving5.    Night Driving6.    Drowsy Driving7.    Tire BlowoutsSoftware Requirements: 1. Opencv + Haarcascade: OpenCV-Python is a Python wrapper for the original OpenCV C++ implementation.OpenCV-Python makes use of Numpy, which is a highly optimized library for numerical operations with a MATLAB-style syntax. All the OpenCV array structures are converted to and from Numpy arrays.Hardware Requirements:1. Camera: A camera is an optical instrument for recording or capturing images, which may be stored locally, transmitted to another location, or both. The images may be individual still photographs or sequences of images constituting videos or movies. The camera is a remote sensing device as it senses subjects without any contact . The word camera comes from camera obscura, which means “dark chamber” and is the Latin name of the original device for projecting an image of external reality onto a flat surface. The modern photographic camera evolved from the camera obscura. The functioning of the camera is very similar to the functioning of the human eye. A camera may work with the light of the visible spectrum or with other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. A still camera is an optical device which creates a single image of an object or scene and records it on an electronic sensor or photographic film. All cameras use the same basic design: light enters an enclosed box through a converging lens/convex lens and an image is recorded on a light-sensitive medium(mainly a transition metal-halide). A shutter mechanism controls the length of time that light can enter the camera.Most photographic cameras have functions that allow a person to view the scene to be recorded, allow for a desired part of the scene to be in focus, and to control the exposure so that it is not too bright or too dim. A display, often a liquid crystal display(LCD), permits the user to view scene to be recorded and settings such as ISO speed, exposure, and shutter speed.A movie camera or a video camera operates similarly to a still camera, except it records a series of static images in rapid succession, commonly at a rate of 24 frames per second. When the images are combined and displayed in order, the illusion of motion is achieved In less than 20 years, MEMS (micro electro-mechanical systems) technology has gone from an interesting academic exercise to an integral part of many common products. But as with most new technologies, the practical implementation of MEMS technology has taken a while to happen. The design challenges involved in designing a successful MEMS product (the ADXL2O2E) are described in this article by Harvey Weinberg from Analog Devices.In early MEMS systems a multi-chip approach with the sensing element (MEMS structure) on one chip, and the signal conditioning electronics on another chip was used.Our system works to help the driver to attain great concentration while driving. For the same purpose we have implanted a drowsiness detection system, which detects the dizziness of the driver witrh the help of the image processing through the camera which is been placed on the steering wheel. This system continously monitors driver’s state and alerts him when he/she is feeling dizzy while driving. This system consists of the camera, a raspberry pi which processes the video and detects when eyes of the driver are closed. When the eyes of the driver are closed for more then 3 seconds then the system raises an alarm.Another system which consists of pressure sensor are placed on the steering wheel to detect the position of hands of driver. When hands of the driver are not on the steering wheel for more then five second then a buzzer will make noise.There can be more features added to the current system to enhance it and cover a wider spectrum in terms of safety. Such features include:1.    GPS Tracker:This feature enables the owner of the car to track his car at every moment. This will help in tracking the car in the parking lot, warn and control the driver in regards with the speed of the car. It will also help new drivers, especially their parents, to track them and get record of their speeds and driving performance.2.    Alcohol Detector:An alcohol detector can be placed on the steering wheel or somewhere near the driver, so that he can make sure he is not under influence while driving, and also, the car can be programmed in such  a  way  that  the  car won’t start if alcohol is detected. This will help reduce one of the major causes of car crashes.3.    Panic Assist:While driving, if the car skids, due to oil spill, rain, etc. the driver goes in a state of panic.This may lead him to move steering in unexpected way and in rapid motion. Panic Assist will detect this movement and harden the movement of the steering resulting in smooth movement of the car and balancing and stabilizing of the car.VII. CONCLUSIONSmart Steering Wheel can help revolutionizes the current automobile and insurance industry by providing details via  an  automated process. The parameters which were ignored or not monitored on a more frequent basis will be monitored on a regular basis.Also, the safety and caution features will decrease the  no.  of  accidents by  at  least  30%.  This  will decrease the annual death rates due to car crashes from 3287 to 2300 a day, which in turn will help save 3,60,255 lives a year which is more than the population of the entire Maldives.Also if the device is put under an automated manufacturing line for mass production, it is estimated to cost less than Rs.15000 retail.VIII. EXPECTED RESULTThe objective to help driver concentrate and drive safely by minimizing his distractions and assisting him in various areas is achieved. Dizziness tracker will check conciousness of the driver, judging whether he is fit to drive or not. And the hand posture corrector will help driver adjust his hand posture making his driving more safe

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