Shaheer SyedMr. ArnoldCad ArchitectureDecember 11, 2017 Research Paper Outline ( Smart Skyscraper ) I. Thesis – Burj Khalifa is not only the tallest skyscraper in the world, but it is also the most popular among tourists in Dubai. Although this skyscraper is one of the best and there are more like it being designed, through research and ideas of implementing smart home features and technological advances in the design of the building itself and or future designs of skyscrapers in general. The Burj Khalifa and Skyscrapers around the world could become one of the greatest modernized buildings ever designed and built in the 21st-century era of architecture.Introduction and Abstract -Skyscrapers are very appealing buildings and are key attractions that help define a city and bring many people from around the world to witness such a structure in an open atmosphere. The Burj Khalifa is a wide known popular skyscraper that brings light to and is the heart of the Dubai. The Burj Khalifa has influenced the world of Architecture and has inspired many designers to pursue this concept of constructing huge tall skyscrapers. But as time goes on there has been many negatives and issues to this concept of tall buildings due to height, stability and accessibility concerns. Due to research and technology, there are many ways that these buildings can be redesigned and renovated to have a purpose, but, also containing the same tall skyscraper concept. One action and a modern day feature would be to allow the accessibility and ability of a smart home to the skyscraper. This would allow The Burj Khalifa and other skyscrapers to fit the modern day Smart House architecture style and provide more building accessibility and give more consumer satisfaction by using more computer automated coding, Bluetooth access to every system in the building such as light, window, door, locks, air conditioning and etc. Also applying more high security by having sensors that are able to sense if anyone is in the building when closed or anything in that genre and also interpreting many designs and physique changes to the skyscrapers and many more personal influences of people that live in the area of the building. This where I will start getting into some history and facts about the building. These points will be filled with a variety of information varying from the minds that lead to the design of the building to the new design that will break the record of the Burj Khalifa. II. Body Of Essay( Points )A. Influence on architectureExplain and talk about the influence the Burj Khalifa had on the 21st century and the chain of new modern skyscrapers that began to be constructed and other architects that gained interest and began designing more skyscrapers and buildings with modern physiques and designs.B. 21st Century Modernization 21st Century Architecture and the influence and rise of modern architecture with more new technology and features that are making homes more futuristic and buildings that have an implementation of futuristic or technology influences such as smart homes and homes that are computer accessible and what benefits or negatives that they produce and give to the customers.C. Influences that lead to the design of the building( Life Of The Architect ) Analyzing the life of the architects that took part in the design and what was going through their mind and what thoughts they had and what gave them the inspiration to design the skyscraper and what influenced it to be record-breaking tall and where they began the idea of the Burj Khalifa. D. Background Information on the buildingBasically background information, Origin of the architecture and the building, What type of Architecture, Cost of the entire project and who are the funders, Land selected to build on and what was there before. For what the building was made for. E. Process of building the structureGetting into the construction of the design and the team that leads the construction and what types of materials used to build the team and how long the procedure took.F. Methods used for constructionResearching instrument and tools that were used. Looking at the science behind the building that keeps it sustained and from not falling or getting destroyed by strong winds and etc.G. Methodologies used to build structures of great heightsMethods used for other tall building before and after the Burj Khalifa was built. Looking at the differences and similarities. Checking if the other building that used different methods are still sustainable to weathers.H. World Records obtainedGetting into all the records won by the building and the competition that is in the industry of skyscrapers and the race to the top.Tallest existing structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) Tallest structure ever built: 828 m (2,717 ft)Tallest freestanding structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) Tallest skyscraper (to top of spire): 828 m (2,717 ft) Tallest skyscraper to top of antenna: 828 m (2,717 ft)Building with most floors: 211 (including spire) Building with world’s highest occupied floor: 584.5 m (1,918 ft) World’s highest elevator installation World’s longest travel distance elevators: 504 m (1,654 ft) Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft) World’s tallest structure that includes residential spaceWorld’s highest observation deck: 148th floor at 555 m (1,821 ft)World’s highest outdoor observation deck: 124th floor at 452 m (1,483 ft) World’s highest installation of an aluminum and glass façade: 512 m (1,680 ft) World’s highest nightclub: 144th floorWorld’s highest restaurant (At.mosphere): 122nd floor at 442 m (1,450 ft)World’s highest New Year display of fireworks.The Burj Khalifa is a holder of many many records and as the renovation of an implementation of technological advances is applied to these skyscrapers, there will be a huge benefit. Skyscrapers are gonna be able to rely on technology to take care of their “record-breaking” elevators, nightclubs and residential rooms plus many more features.This will also attract more attention as these skyscrapers would be looked as huge modernized smart buildings filled with technology and break many more records. I. Tourist AttractionWhat features are attractions to the people and why the building is a must see in your life?Burj Khalifa Park draws inspiration from Hymenocallis, the desert flower. The park has six water features, palm-lined walkways, gardens and flowering trees. The Burj Khalifa water room is located in the center of the park and the base, featuring a series of pools and water jet fountains. All railings, benches, and signs depict images of Burj Khalifa and Hymenocallis flower.The peak of the Burj Khalifa is the main attraction to tourist all around the world. From the peak, Tourists are able to grasp a “Breathtaking” view of the city.These main attractions will allow designers to take direction into making more skyscrapers that follow the same huge skyscraper concept but also fulfilling the purpose of allowing customers to feel and witness the technological and smart features that they would not expect a skyscraper to have. With this advance in technology, designers could add a park with water features too just like the Burj Khalifa but a benefit that the ” Smart Skyscrapers ” could have is that with the access of technology they could be able to turn the swimming pool into a hot tub with a press of a button allowing easy accessibility and multi-functions.J. Interesting/Fun facts about the buildingFun FactsInteresting and fun facts and facts about the Burj Khalifa The spider lily or Hymenocallis plant served as an inspiration for the design of the Burj Khalifa and is a noticeable part of the stunning landscaping that surrounds the tower.Rising to more than 800 meters, Burj Khalifa regularly harnesses the forces of nature to stage a lightning show, making it one of the most conspicuous lightning conductors in the world.Life of WorkersHow workers of The Burj Khalifa are able to maintain the building and what the jobs are and how and why are they performed to benefit the Burj Khalifa. Are there any problems that the workers run into on a daily basis. How long it takes to complete tasks. With the help of technology, There would be an ease for workers because they would be able to access any part of the building from a computer or device. For example, if there are trash containers that need to be emptied, when the trash pick-up comes to collect, with a press of a command on a device, the trash could be dropped out of the container.K. The Jeddah TowerDesign Of The Jeddah a. Jeddah Tower previously known as Kingdom Tower and Mile-High Tower is a skyscraper under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, at an initial cost of SR4.6 billion and the overall estimated cost of the entire project is anticipated to be SR75 billion. The Jeddah Tower is being designed by the same architects that designed The Burj Khalifa. 2. New Record? a. If completed in 2020 as planned, the Jeddah Tower will reach a never before done height that would make it ultimately, becoming the tallest building in the world as well as the first structure to reach the one-kilometer-high mark.As this building is still being constructed, there could be a possibility of adding a proposal that would allow smart home advanced features to be implemented in a skyscraper and cause this tower to not only break the record but to give more accessibility and a feel of advanced technology L. Concerns about the buildingProblems of the building Due to the tall height of the building, in cases of emergencies such as fire, It would take a long time for people who are in the higher levels to get out of the building and eventually they would be putting themselves at risk. Another major problem is that although many buildings are huge and tall; some space is un-occupiable. The world’s tallest building, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai. It’s impressive at 828 meters tall, but nearly a third of that (29%) is un-occupiable because most skyscrapers are filled with hot air. Also due to the many stories, a skyscraper has, a fast and safe elevator is much needed and there need to be emergency plans if there are malfunctions or etc.Customer ConcernsThe Burj Khalifa Today, about 80% of the luxury flats have tenants but two-thirds of the office space still lies empty -and one owner has even tried selling an entire floor of the tower on an auction. This affects consumers and customers and also people who set up businesses in the Burj Khalifa. SustainabilityAlthough skyscrapers are built with ought most perfection for sustainability, mother nature is unpredictable. Due to the thin design of the Burj Khalifa, There could be a chance that strong winds might cause some damage or tilt in the design and due to large earthquakes, the base of skyscrapers and tall buildings, in general, are put at risk. Also, the most dangerous factor that many people do not take into consideration is that, Is gravity going to let the building stand?Smart Home and Home AutomationImagine a skyscraper with smart home features and abilities, This would be the most original implementation of a skyscraper and it would have many many benefits. With the Advance in technology, skyscrapers could have the ability to control every single part of the building such as doors, locks, windows, water temperature, Heat and Air conditioning, security, intercoms, music and multimedia devices all through a user remote or phone. Smart Homes have many benefits, they allow convenience that will make customers very happy with their experience and also help the owners have a lot of accessibility to their building at once. Smart homes also include advanced security systems with cameras, motion sensors and a link to the local police station or a private security company and they may also use key cards or fingerprint identification in place of conventional locks, making it harder for someone to break in. Putting key cards and fingerprint identification in every room will guarantee for sure privacy and protection. When it comes to efficiency the smart home is very energy efficient friendly. Lights can shut off automatically when no one is in a room, and the thermostat can be set to let the indoor temperature drop during the day before returning it to a more comfortable level just before residents arrive in the evening. All of these automated tasks, along with modern, energy-efficient appliances, combine to save on electricity, water, and natural gas, thereby reducing the strain on natural resources And although adding these features to a skyscraper might seem expensive when it comes time to sell, sellers will have a variety of effective selling points. Whichever advantage of a smart home appeals to a given buyer, the seller can explain the system and discuss how it makes life easier. Homes with automated systems have the potential to sell for much more than the average home with conventional technologies. Automating a home can be a worthwhile investment in increasing its market value and attracting possible buyers in the future. So in the long run, The value of a potential smart skyscraper is very very nice.So what really is a Smart Home?”A Smart Home is one that provides its homeowner’s comfort, security, energy efficiency (low operating costs) and convenience at all times, regardless of whether anyone is home.”Smart Home” is the term commonly used to define a residence that has appliances, lighting, heating, air conditioning, TVs, computers, entertainment audio & video systems, security, and camera systems that are capable of communicating with one another and can be controlled remotely by a time schedule, from any room in the home, as well as remotely from any location in the world by phone or internet. Installation of smart products gives the home and its occupant’s various benefits — the same benefits that technology and personal computing have brought to us over the past 30 years — convenience and savings of time, money and energy.Most homes do not have these appliances and systems built into them, therefore the most common and affordable approach is for the homeowner to retrofit smart products into their own finished home.”Concern of The Smart HomeProbably the only and major concern of the smart home is that it is capable of being hacked if not protected .today’s technology is making privacy invasion more insidious. On a daily basis, hackers use strategies like phishing scams to steal usernames and passwords, posing as a bank or other legitimate establishment to trick users. With this information, hackers can be very dangerous. A smart door can be unlocked remotely with no signs of forced entry, cameras can be hacked and homes monitored without user knowledge, and connected refrigerators can be infiltrated to spy on spending and food habits. Most of these devices can be operated remotely through apps and online portals. So to protect themselves from these hacks, consumers must secure the connected home appliances themselves as well as the computers and phones that control them be careful about where and who they give their emails and passwords too. Another concern is that a smart home will be extremely reliant on internet connection. If the connection building drops due to weather or malfunction or anything, Owner will be left with a lot of smart products that won’t work. Additionally, wireless signals can possibly be interrupted by other electronics in your home and cause some of your smart products to function slowly or not at all. III. Conclusion Critical analysis of the design. Improvements for the building and improvements for future designs. Plan and research on how I will be able to use the concept of the “Smart Home” and apply it to skyscrapers allowing owners to be able to access security systems, air conditioning, and heating systems and allow new features of security such as access into hotel rooms with using cards or fingerprint that act as a key. Also allow Bluetooth functions to allow customers to access lights, locks, windows and doors and overall giving purpose and efficiency to the normal skyscraper.