Sarah Margaret FullerBy: Jazmine Alexus Rocha11A-Pd 2January 18, 2018Sarah Margaret FullerWhy do some many men and other people ever doubted a woman? Here is exactly why, PEOPLE SHOULD NEVER doubt a woman. Today’s focus is about Miss. Sarah Margaret Fuller, the woman who was a Women’s Rights activist, writer, and a literary critic. Sarah Margaret Fuller, is well known for her feminist writing and her literary criticism during nineteenth century America. Sarah Margaret Fuller did not like the name Sarah Margaret Fuller, she prefered to go by just Margaret Fuller. Sarah Margaret Fuller was born on May 23, 1810, in Cambridge, Massachusetts (http://uudb.org/articles/margaretfuller.html) . Margaret grew up to be very intelligent, as a child she received a very intense education from her father Timothy Fuller. Fuller’s father was a lawyer and for eight years served congress, enabling him to move in influential political circles. As Fuller grew older, she attended several schools and continued to further educate herself. Fuller taught herself how to speak German and Italian when she was just sixteen years old. Fuller taught herself how to do translations of Goethe and Bettina Von Arnim. Margaret Fuller was sought out as a brilliant and thoughtful conservationist, much respected for her intellect and learning. Although she was a very emotional woman. Most of her friend often had difficulties dealing with her mercurial emotions. After the unexpected death of her father from Cholera (a bacterial disease causing major diarrhea and dehydration). Fuller found herself in a position to look over her family. The death of Timothy Fuller, took a financial toll on her and her family. Margaret became responsible for the education of her younger siblings, she taught school to them. Also, she taught at Bronson Alcott Temple school and the Green Street School in Providence, Rhode Island. Margaret and her family did not benefit from her father’s estate, the bulk of family fortune went to her fathers two brothers. Timothy Fuller never sat down to write a will for his family. Fuller made very little income to support her family, she worked as a Boston teacher and later worked as a teacher in Providence, Rhode Island. Fuller moved the family to Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. During the move to Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts Fuller had began to hold women discussion groups, discussing the role of women in society. During 1839, Fuller was offered the job of editing the Transcendentalists’ magazine- The Dial by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Shortly after, Fuller served with Emerson as editor of The Dial. A literary and philosophical journal for which made for her to write many reviews on art and literature. In 1843, The Dial publishes Fullers essay, “The Great Lawsuit, Man vs Woman vs Woman” in which she called for women’s equality. In 1839, Margaret established formal and sophisticated conversations on various topics, primarily for women. These conversations were very successful for a solid five years. Fuller was very close friends with most of the intellectuals of Boston and Concord. Those friends particularly stronger people such as Emerson. Fuller and Emerson would spends weeks upon weeks at a time visiting each other’s homes. As a foreign correspondent for the tribune, Fuller traveled to Europe and sent back articles about letters, and art of Europe. That had intrigued Emerson and herself, to do furthermore investigating She also had many great opportunities to meet very well-known intellectuals. Margaret then had traveled to Italy, and then shorty after became more involved in, the revolution and later decided she would not like to return to America. Fuller had stayed hopeful of continuing her studies and furthering her future career in Journalism. Fuller was never really interested in conventional pursuits expected by women. While living in Italy and furthering her career, she had met a man of the name Marchese Giovanni Angelo DiOssoli. DiOssoli was a much younger man of the petty nobility and was a fellow revolutionary. Later on, Fuller had fallen deeply in love with Marchese Giovanni Angelo DiOssoli, while living in Italy. A short year later, she has gone off to secretly marry DiOssoli then shortly after getting married, she was expecting her first son named Angelo. Fuller became very fluent in classics and several modern languages. Fuller’s thirst for knowledge was such that she felt nothing in common with any other women her age. Fuller always felt out of place with how advanced she was. During the revolution of 1848 (http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/social-sciences-and-law/social-reformers/margaret-fuller) and during the siege of Rome by the French Forces, Fuller assumed charge of one of the hospitals of the city, while her husband took part in fighting during the revolution.In compensation for the lost trip to Europe, Eliza Farrar and Harriet Martineau urged Emerson to befriend Fuller. This is why her marriage to Ossoli was a very secret marriage, due to Ossoli being a former marquis disinherited by his family because of his support with the revolutionary Mazzini. Soon after Emerson befriending Fuller, Emerson had sent out an invitation for Fuller to visit his home. For three weeks in 1836 (http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/social-sciences-and-law/social-reformers/margaret-fuller) she then became acquainted with many transcendentalists including Bronson Alcott. As a transcendentalist she was on semi-friendly terms and intellectually respected by Emerson, Thoreau, the Peabody sisters, The Alcott’s, and others. In 1844 (https://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/transcendentalism/authors/fuller/index.html), she moved to her work to the New York Tribune, where she became a literary critic and then shortly after- the New York Tribunes first-female editor. As Fuller accepted the position, she gained more respect by both men and women. Although she was sympathetic to most, she had some certain standards for “Transcendentalists”. In 1845, (https://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/transcendentalism/authors/fuller/index.html), Fuller published “Women In The Nineteenth Century”- this book investigated the role of women in society during their time and now women are aloud to play a greater role in society. While in Boston Fuller organized meetings for women to promote their education and have intellectual development. Fuller, the life-changingly, spell binging conversationalist, held wommen only “conversation classes” in the West Street Book Store of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody. In 1839, she allowed women to design and emancipate women away from their traditional intellectual sub-serving to men. Finally, in mid 1850, (https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/margaret-fuller) Fuller and her husband Ossoli along with their son returned to the United States. They returned to the United States due to the revolution had fallen apart. Shortly, after the Fuller-Ossoli family sailed aboard The Elizabeth. The Elizabeth, was an American Merchant freighter, carrying cargo that included marble from Carrara and a statue of John C. Callahan, that was sculpted by Hiram Powers. While at sea for five weeks the ship’s captain, Seth Hasty died of smallpox while on board. Fullers child also contracted the disease of smallpox while on board, but shortly after recovered from the disease. As the ship approached Fire Island, New York it hit a sand bar, due to an inexperienced mate being in total control. Many of the other passengers encouraged Margaret Fuller and her husband to jump and to save themselves first. But they refused, shortly after Ossoli was thrown overboard by a wave and the following witness could not see Fuller. The Fuller-Ossoli family did not make the ship wreckage and they all drowned. As of today’s world, Fuller’s reputation today tests chiefly. Because, people still doubt women the same way that they used to. A fun fact about Fullers afterlife is that her childhood home is now a visitation landmark and named after her. One of her most famous books that still remains a hit today is “Women In The Nineteenth Century”, that argues all women should have political and equal rights.https://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/transcendentalism/authors/fuller/index.html”Margaret Fuller Biography | .” Biography Online. N.p., n.d. Web.https://www.biographyonline.net/women/margaret-fuller.html “Margaret Fuller an outline biography.” Margaret Fuller biography New England Transcendentalism. N.p., n.d. Web.http://www.encyclopedia.com/people/social-sciences-and-law/social-reformers/margaret-fuller “Margaret Fuller.” Poetry Foundation. Poetry Foundation, n.d. Web.http://uudb.org/articles/margaretfuller.html “Fuller, Margaret (1810-1850).” American Eras. Encyclopedia.com, n.d. Web.https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/margaret-fuller “Fuller.”, N.p., n.d. Web.INSPIRE http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=3&sid=6755182a-060c-48d5-9148-73250131aff9%40sessionmgr4006&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWNvb2tpZSxnZW8sdXJsLGlwJmdlb2N1c3RpZD1zODQ3NTc0MSZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZlJnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#AN=7672901&db=f5h http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/transcendentalism/margaret_fuller.html “Margaret Fuller an outline biography.” Margaret Fuller biography New England Transcendentalism. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2018.