Samir stopped decline all together. Throughout this paper

Samir Thukral

Mr. Dennie

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Global

1/6/19

            Want to know a secret? Nothing really lasts forever. Everything
has to come to an end. It could be losing your beauty as you grow old or a
storm dissipating over time. Like everything, empires fall as well, but as a
bigger, longer lasting and more influential than a midday storm, it takes many
factors to instigate the decline of empires. In this essay, I will compare and
contrast the falls of the of history’s most influential empires, the Roman and
the Persian empires. Although they left a legacy that help shape the modern
world, the empires, in their literal sense, fell hundreds of years ago. Due to
a decline in loyalty, a weakened military , and blinded leaders, and other
reason, the empires fell , yet could decline have been prevented? Perhaps a
change in the form of government or a better trained state could have slowed or
stopped decline all together. Throughout this paper I hope to clarify the reasons
for decline, comparisons & contrast and ways that may have prevented the
decline of the empire.

            Both the Persian and Roman empires share many
similarities in the what led to their downfall and how it all happened. For
example, both Roman and Persian empires were attacked by foreign invaders at
times of weakness and inner strife in the empire. In the roman empire, after
the end of Pax Romana, or Roman Peace, rulers struggled for power for
demoralized citizens, who all had to pay higher tax, posing a burden upon their
life styles.  For example it states,”In one 50 year period,
at least 26 emperors reigned… Political violence and instability, ranther than
order and efficiency, thus became the rule. At the same time the empire was
shaking by disturbing social and economic trends. High taxes to support the
army and the beauracrcy placed heavy burdens on business people and small
farmers.” (Elizabeth Gaynor Ellis, Anthony Esler.World History Connections To Today.New York:Pearson Prentice
Hall,2005. Print). The romans were already in inner conflict when the nomadic
Huns started overwhelming the empire and conquering the land until Rome was
defeated. In Persia, the empire’s provinces were in conflict with themselves
and their weak ruler. As stated in the text,” Persia was no longer the great
power it had once been.The emporer Darius III was weak and the provinces were
often in rebellion against him.” (Elizabeth Gaynor Ellis, Anthony Esler.World History Connections To Today.New
York:Pearson Prentice Hall,2005. Print). During this weak state, Persia was
assualted by Macadonia’s own Alexander the Great who in a few years ended the
failing empire. Another similarity in the decline of both empires is the
disloyalty of the people for the empire. For example it states,” Just a Philip
was destroying Greek independence atCharoneia (338) Ochus was poisened by his
physician on the order of the eunuch Bagoas…Blood thirsty as Ochus had shown
himself to be, he was an able rulerand it is not to far wrong to say that, by
his murder, Bagoas destroyed the Persian empire.”(Olmstead, A.T.History of the Persian Empire.Chicago
and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1948. Print) This shows how even
in the declining period of the empire, people were willing to murder their own
emperor, however horrible, even if he is the glue that was holding the empire
together at the time. Also it states,”For centuries, worried Romans pointed to
the decline of values such as patriotism , discipline and devotion to duty on
which the empire was built. The need to replace citizen soldiers with
mercenaries testified to the decline of patriotism” (Elizabeth Gaynor Ellis,
Anthony Esler.World History Connections
To Today.New York:Pearson Prentice Hall,2005. Print) This shows how the
empire’s citizens lacked the principles they had years ago, causing the rulers
to hire mercenaries who held no loyalty to the empire. These show the
similarities in the decline of both Persian and Roman empires.

            In as many ways the decline of both
empires relate, they contrast as well on how and why the downfall happened. For
example Persia’s rulers weren’t attempting to help put the empire together as
much as the Romans. Persia’s rulers still had faith that they had the same
strength they had years ago, which led to their downfall. For example it
states,”Athens requested financial aid 
from the Great King for its proposed revolt against Alexander, but Darius
after his recovery of Egypt, was so confident that there could be no danger from
the youthful Macedonian that he replied’I will not give you gold, don’t ask me for
you will not get it'” .”(Olmstead, A.T.History
of the Persian Empire.Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press,
1948. Print)

 

 

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