RIDDOR requires employers to report deaths, certain

RIDDOR requires employers to report deaths, certain types of
injury, some occupational diseases and dangerous occurrences that “arise out of
or regarding work”. Usually, this covers incidents where the work activities,
equipment or environment (including how work is carried out, organised or overseen)
contributed in one way or another to the accident. the type of occurrence that
must be reported are:

The death of any person.

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Accidents which result in an employee dying, suffering
a specified injury, being absent from work, or unable to do their normal duties
for more than seven days.

Accidents which result in a person suffering an injury
and being taken directly to a hospital for treatment.

An employee has one of the specified occupational
diseases or is exposed to carcinogens, mutagens and biological agents stated as
dangerous occurrences. These may not result in a reportable injury, but they do
have the potential to do significant harm.

Regulations 4 -6 cover the reporting of work-related deaths
and injuries other than for certain gas incidents. RIDDOR requires deaths and
injuries to be reported when:

There has been an accident which caused the injury

The accident was work-related

The injury is of a type which is reportable

In relation to RIDDOR, an accident is defined as a “separate,
identifiable, unintended incident, which causes physical injury.” This includes
acts of violence to people at work. Injuries themselves, are not accidents as there
must be an identifiable external event that causes the injury, such as a
falling object hitting an employee.

RIDDOR only requires the employer to report accidents if they
happen “in connection with work”, which means the work activity itself must
contribute to the accident. An accident is “work-related” if any of the
following played a significant role:

The way the work was carried out

Any equipment used for the work

The condition of the site or premises where the
accident happened

The following injuries are reportable under RIDDOR when they
result from a work-related accident:

The death of any person (Regulation 6)

Specified Injuries to employees (Regulation 4)

Injuries to employees which result in them being
unable to work for more than 7 days (Regulation 4)

Injuries to employees which result in them being taken
directly to hospital for treatment. (Regulation 5)

Examples of accidents that must be reported are:

Fractures (other than to fingers, thumbs and toes)

Amputation of an arm, hand, finger, thumb, leg, foot
or toe

Any injury likely to lead to permanent loss of sight
or reduction in sight in one or both eyes

Any crush injury to the head or torso, causing damage
to the brain or internal organs

Any burn injury (including scalding)

Any degree of scalping requiring hospital treatment

Any loss of consciousness caused by head injury or

Any other injury arising from working in an enclosed


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