The musky and the linoleum on the floor

The Relationship between Stories and Their Sources
Most authors use some type of source when writing a story.
The source could be religious, scientific, or something else that
is inspiring to them. Even great writers such as Shakespeare had
a source in which their stories came from. The source can be
used for many different purposes. A certain author may use a
source to show different parallels between two stories or to show
similarities between events or characters. They may use the
source to prove a point or to add meaning to the book. The
source could also just be an ambiguous connection that helps
complete the story. Whatever the authors reason for picking a
certain source it seems to give the story completion and
significance. In this class, we read many stories in which the
source deals with religion and especially the gospels. In this
paper, I will discuss these different stories and how they relate
to their religous sources.
The first story we read in class was, gA Visit of Charityh
by Eudora Welty. In this story, the source that is eluded to is
the Genesis story of Adam and Eve. The story begins with Marian,
a young campfire girl, who is on her way to an Old Ladiesf Home.
Before entering the home she stops by some prickly shrubs. The
outside of the home was covered by beautiful shrubbery and the
whitewash brick building reflected the sunlight. Yet, the inside
of the home was in bad shape. It smelled musky and the linoleum
on the floor was bulging up. The details Welty adds are
significant because it shows two different worlds. The one world
Marian still sees which is beautiful like the Garden of Eden and
the world she is slowly stepping into where things are not
beautiful and good. The story continues with Marian visiting two
old ladies who fought between themselves the whole time she was
there. Marian did not want to be at the home and especially
dislike visiting these two ladies. Although, the one lady was
friendly to Marian she was still scared of both ladies. At the
end of the visit the one lady grabs Marianfs arm and asks her for
a penny or a nickel. Marian runs from the old lady without
looking back. When she gets outside she grabs the apple she hid
in the prickly bushes on her way into the Home. As she jumped
onto the bus Marian took a big bite of the apple. This is the
most significant part of the story because it shows how Marian
knew what she was doing was wrong but she carelessly did it
anyway. She hid the apple in the beginning so the old ladies
would ask her for it and the only reason Marian went to the Home
to begin with was to get points for Campfire girls. Her eating
the forbidden fruit signifies that she knew it was wrong just
like Eve in the Genesis story. Eve took the forbidden fruit and
her eyes were open just like Marianfs were open after her visit
with the two old ladies at the home.
In the book, gThe Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobeh the
source is the Passion story. C.S. Lewis makes this source the
framework of his whole story. The story begins with two brothers
and two sisters who were sent to an old professors house to live
because of air-raids in London. While exploring the professors
grand house Lucy discovers a magic wardrobe that leads to the
land of Narnia. At first, no one believes Lucy really went to
Narnia. They thought Lucy was just make-believing or lying about
the magic wardrobe.
One day, when they were playing hide and go seek, Edmund
ended up in the wardrobe where he also found Narnia. Here he met
the cold-hearted witch that Lucy was warned about by Mr. Tumnus.

Yet, the witch was nice to Edmund and gave him magical Turkish
Delight to eat. The only reason she did this was to get him to
bring his sisters and brother to her, so that she could kill them
before they had a chance to take over the thrown. When Lucy and
Edmund return to the house Lucy tells everyone that Edmund was in
Narnia too but he denies it and makes her look like a fool.
When all the children finally end up in Narnia they all
decide to stay and try to find Mr. Tumnus who was turned to stone
by the queen for not turning Lucy over to her. While making
plans to meet king Aslan and save Mr. Tumnus Edmund slips away to
tell the queen of the plans. This is significant because it shows
he is a betrayer to Aslan just like Judas betrayed Jesus. When
Edmund reaches the castle alone, the witch is very angry that he
did not bring the others. The witch and Edmund set off on her
sledge to look for them. In the mean time Lucy, Peter, Susan, and
the Beaverfs were taking the back way to the castle so the witch
would not find them. During the witches travels, the snow began
to melt so her sledge was not usable. The witch made Edmund lead,
he was whipped like an animal. The rest of them meet up with
Aslan and his followers and head to the castle. This is where
Aslan makes all the stone animals alive again. Aslan performs
miracles just as Jesus did. Then Aslan goes and saves Edmund
from the witch before she could kill him. Edmund is then
forgiven but the witch still wants him dead. Aslan and the witch
meet at the stone table and make a deal in which Aslan sacrifices
himself so the rest can live. Aslan is like Jesus sacrificing
himself for his people. That night Aslan had a quiet meal with
his followers which resembles the last supper Jesus had. Later
that night he took his walk to be killed. Lucy and Susan walked
him most of the way but he told them to go no further when they
reached the hill the stone table was on. Yet, they did not listen
to him and followed behind him hiding in the trees. After Aslan
was shaved and killed the girls went, untied him, laid next to
him, and cried all night. The next morning, the girls found the
stone table broken and Aslan had risen from the dead. They got on
his back and went towards the castle. In the mean time Edmund
and Peter were back at the castle fighting the witches army. They
were losing greatly because the witch was turning all there
soldiers to stone. When Aslan returns to the castle he finds
Edmund dying after being stabbed by the witch and Peter fighting
the witch. Aslan kills the witch and they win the battle. Lucy
heals everyone and everyone is happy. This story follows the
passion story almost perfectly. Aslan is like Jesus he has his
disciples and those who want to persecute him. He dies for his
people and rises from the dead to save the whole kingdom. Also,
In the end, Aslan leaves with intentions to one day return to
save the kingdom again just like Jesus ascended into heaven to
one day return to save us. This story made me look at the
passion story in the form of a myth that helped me better
understand what sacrifices Jesus made for us.
In the movie, gJesus of Montrealh the passion story was also
the source but the difference is that in the goal of this movie
was to retell the passion story in a more modern way. In the
movie Daniel Coloumbe rewrites the play adding many new documents
he found on the life of Jesus but after the church sees the play
they banned it because of they considered it vulgar. Yet, Daniel
continues the play until a scuffle with the police in where he
receives a head trauma and ends up dying. There are many
similarities between Daniel Columbefs real life and Jesusf life.
The first similarity was the way Daniel seemed to be the leader
of the group of actors and they seemed to be his disciples. He
found the actors in the slums of the acting community just like
Jesus always was found with sinners and the poor. Then after his
fall, Daniel goes to the train station and begins preaching like
Christ. In the end, both men lived and died for what they
believed in. The death of both men also resulted in helping
others. Jesus died so that we may live and Danielfs death
resulted in a new heart and eyes for another. This movie made me
take a different look at the passion story and see it in a new

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Another story we read was, gAtticush by Ron Hansen. The
source of this story is the parable of the Prodigal Son. The
story begins with Scott coming to visit his father for Christmas.

During the holiday, Atticus realizes how bad off his son is but
still shows great love for him. Not to long after Scott returns
to his home in Resurrection, Mexico he supposedly commits
suicide. Atticus travels to Mexico to bring his sonfs body home
but finds many things that point to Scott being murdered. While
looking for the murderer he finds his son alive and well.

Although, he should be angry with his son he is overcome with joy
and forgives him fully. Atticus is a lot like the father in the
Prodigal Son Parable. He has one son who is pretty successful and
another who wastes his money on alcohol and women. Just like in
the parable. The son in both stories takes his share of his
father’s money and goes away to live a dissipated life. When he
comes back the father encounters him with compassion. The
difference between the two stories is that in The Prodigal son
parable it is the son telling the story, whereas in Atticus it is
told from the fathers perspective.

The last two stories we talked about were by Flannery
OfConnor. In gEverything That Rises Must Convergeh and Revelation
OfConnor does not make her source as well known as in the rest of
the stories we have looked at. In these two stories OfConnor just
eludes to the stories being about Godfs grace. In gEverything
that Rises Must Convergeh Julian watches the mother that raised
him die of a stroke after a confrontation with a black women on
the bus. His mother was prejudice but still tried to be nice to
the black womenfs young son. The black lady resented this because
Julianfs mother seemed to be showing that she was better than
her. The whole time they were on the bus Julian sat next to the
black passengers and tried to talk to them. He did this to try to
show his mother that blacks can be intelligent too and to make
his mother upset. Her having a stroke after getting off the bus
shows that God will take anyone at any time.
In the gRevelationh story, Mrs. Turpin and her husband enter
a doctors office and scope out the room. After striking up a
conversation on refinement and how you have to be nice to niggers
to get them to do any work. Suddenly a fat child named Mary Grace
through her book at Mrs. Turpin and tried to strangle her. Later
that night Mrs. Turpin has a dream that all the niggers and white
trash go to heaven before her. This shows that God has grace for
everyone not just those who are refined. Also, Mary Gracefs name
could represent mother of Christ.
While looking at all the stories, I received a different
perspective of the gospels. Each story had its own twist on what
their source meant. In some stories the source was very well
defined and in others it was more ambiguous. Yet, in both cases
the source was meaningful and gave completion to the book.


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