Psychodynamic theory comprises of an assessment based on
individual’s personality in the unconscious state of psychological processes.
Freud’s psychoanalysis approach describes the individual’s unconscious mind
concerning emotions and thoughts. Freud’s theory is clinically based, data was
collected from individuals during therapy sessions. This therapy is often used
to treat mental health problems like panic attacks, anxiety, depression and
paranoid. This approach views the unconscious mind as the main foundation of
human behaviour. All behaviour has a cause and becomes determined. Freud
explains this by using an iceberg representing the mind in three parts, id, ego
and super-ego. The most important part of the mind people cannot view, this
contains motives, feelings and decisions. These can be influenced by past
experiences and stored in the unconscious part of the mind. Childhood
experiences and events can have a huge influence on lives, shaping the personality
as individuals grow. Events that occurred in childhood can remain in the
unconscious part and cause problems in later life. Freud’s psychodynamic theory
suggested that the personality is made up of three parts, id, ego and
super-ego. The id is an important area as newborns and is based on the pleasure
principle. When the child is hungry, the id part wants food and the baby cries.
If the child is in pain or discomfort or wants attention, the id seeks
attention until the needs are fulfilled. The ego understands in relation to individuals
that have needs and desires. This part of the personality is responsible for meeting
the needs of the id, while considering the reality of the situation. Like the
id, the ego seeks pleasure and avoids pain on the basis of devising a realistic
plan to get pleasure. The super-ego is the moral part of the personality
developing values, social rules and morals of society learnt from parents and
others. The super-ego’s function is to control the id’s impulses such as social
behaviour, aggression and sex.