Our of CO2 and Nitrogen increase on

Our
planet’s ecosystem works in such a complex balance. The Global Warming, and its
associated temperature change affects can have a great impact on this complex
balance. The said increase of Earth’s temperature is with the coherence of
Greenhouse gases. CO2 concentrations influence how plants
photosynthesize resulting in enhanced photosynthetic capacity and increased in
growth. “The effects of CO2 and Nitrogen increase on photosynthetic
functions may contribute changes in plant productivity, distribution, and
diversity.” (Wang, 2013). Over the 20th century, the atmospheric concentrations
of key greenhouse gases increased due to human activities. “The increased
volumes of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released by the burning of
fossil fuels, land clearing, agriculture, and other human activities, are
believed to be the primary sources of the global warming that has occurred over
the past 50 years.” (Goldenberg, 2014). As a result, the evidence has already
cut into the global food supply which UN considers as a distant threat. There
are several solutions on how to transform the uprising temperature to be
beneficial for plants.

            A scientific discovery that can make
Global Warming as an aid for vegetative growth was made by Salk institute. The
Salk team launched a new initiative way to improve the ability of the plants to
suck carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and store it deep down in the soil.
The Salk institute calls the process “Harnessing Plants.” Whenever it is the season
of growing, more than 100 gigatons the plants pull of carbon are out of the
atmosphere with the help of photosynthesis, Majority of the carbon is
eventually released back into the air as CO2 because consumption of
plants and burning it would make it a cycle, or they return to the soil where
bacteria and fungi cause them to decompose. The Salk team’s goal is to find a
way to help plants on taking carbon dioxide they absorb and keep it to their
soil. The Salk team has identified one particular plant made molecule, called
suberin, that is highly resistant to this degradation and can thereby remain in
the soil. Suberin, better known to wine aficionados as cork, is a waxy,
water-repellant and carbon-rich-substance, and is at the heart of the Salk
team’s strategy to address the problem of meeting human needs while reducing
carbon in the atmosphere. At the end of the season, the plants die and rot,
releasing much of that carbon back into the atmosphere. Carbon stored in
suberin could potentially stay in the soil for hundreds or even thousands of
years. There are two possible benefits: store more carbon and store it for a
long time. A plant biologist at Salk said that the initiative of their team is
to enhance the process of photosynthesis of the super plants up to 20 times. 

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