Numerous is used in the U.S for freight

Numerous people believe that freight railroads are a non-entity in the United States. The main point is that railroads in the United States are required as an huge economic driver for the country. Railroads bring in billions of dollars each year as a whole. Railroads create numerous jobs for Americans. Railroads transport an enormous deal of freight per year to countless businesses large and small across the country.  Freight trains carry the most freight in tons compared to others modes of transportation such as trucks and airplanes. Railroads are still needed  in our country because they can reduce highway congestion, they are a large transporter of freight, and they are a large economic driver. There are an abundance of types of rail car equipment that are used to haul freight each day. One type of diesel locomotive that is used in the U.S for freight is the “EMD SD80ACe” (Locomotive). This locomotive has a “traction horsepower of 3952 kW” (Locomotive). According to a Dictionary.com, horsepower is “A unit of power equal to about 746 watts.” Another definiton of horsepower, stated by Dictionary.com, is “The horsepower is used to measure the power of engines.” To put in lamens terms, horsepower is how strong the locomotive is at pulling cars. Another type of locomotive is the “GE ET44AC” (getransportation). This locomotive “Meets the Enviormental Protection Agency standards” (getransportation). That means that this locomotive is safe for the enviorment. Both of these locomotives are just two examples of the diverse selection of locomotives that haul America’s freight.Some people railroads are harming the enviorment. This is due to air pollution from the locomotives and that the building of railroad infastructure has broken apart the wildlife ecosystem. According to The Enviormental Literacy Council, “While trains are more energy efficient than automobiles, they do have their own effects on the environment, including producing nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, and particulate matter that can contribute to air pollution and negative health effects.” In addition, according to The Enviormental Literacy Council, “Railroads act as physical barriers when animals are unable to cross through their usual habitats due to physical characteristics of the infrastructure.” This means that locomotives spew harmful exhaust that pollutes the air and they block animals from roaming in their natural habitat, due to the tracks built across their habitats. According to the Association of American Railroads, railroads “Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 75% instead of using trucks.” In addition, according to the ARR, “A train can carry the freight of several hundred trucks.” This would mean that less harmful exhaust is spewed if trains are used because trains can carry more than hundreds of trucks combined. To support this sentence, according to the ARR,  “For particulate matter and nitrogen oxides, emissions for railroads are significantly lower than emissions for trucks.” This means that trains spew a lot less polluting gases than trucks do. A lot of railroad tracks that are supposedly tearing apart ecosystems are abandoned. According to Dr. Jean Paul “Over 100,000 miles of track have been abandoned.” That mean that animals can just cross the tracks and make those abandoned tracks a part their habitat. Plus, you cannot just stop using trains because our nation would plummet into an economic crisis. They ship a lot of goods for bussinesses in the country, which inturn drives the economy. Railroads are a huge economic driver in the United States. Stated by the ARR, “Railroads brought in $274 billion dollars in 2014.” In addition, according to the Federal Railroad Administration, “221,000 jobs were supplied.” By looking at this information, railroads are bringing in a lot of money which can help the country’s economy. Railroads create a lot of jobs for people, which then people have money to support their basic needs for their family and for themselves. To add on to the last quote, stated by the ARR, “The operations and capital investments of America’s major freight railroads supported approximately 1.5 million jobs.” This means that railroads operating on a large scale need many people to complete all the operations required for the railroad. When railroads invest in huge infrastructure projects, like building new rail yards, many workers are also required to complete the job. To conclude, railroads help the American economy greatly and create numerous job oppourtunities. Railroads provide a helpful solution to pollution and highway traffic density. Stated by the FRA, railroads provide “Numerous public benefits including reductions in road congestion, highway fatalities, fuel consumption and greenhouse gases, logistics costs, and public infrastructure maintenance costs.” Furthermore, stated by ARR, railroads “Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 75 percent.” This means that using railroads to transport goods can help free highway traffic, accidents and help the enviorment dealing with greenhouse gases, while also not having to repair public roadways as often. To add on, according to the ARR, “Trains are able to carry the freight of several hundred trucks, which reduces wasted time on the freeway (6.9 billion hours, 3.1 billion gallons of gas), plus this can also reduce building and maintaining freeways.” This means that railroads can transport a large amount of goods at once, reducing trailer truck traffic on freeways, which thens reduces wasted time and fuel on the freeway, too. To wrap-up, Railroads not only can reduce highway traffic, they can also transport a huge amount of freight at once. Railroads can transport large numbers of freight at once. According to the Econ South, “Railroads transport 40% of goods in tons in the United States, and trucks only transport 33% of goods in tons.” This means that trains transport more goods than trucks. “Pipelines transport 14% of goods, and barges transport 12% of goods”(Econ South). This means that pipelines transport more goods than barges. “Airplanes transport only 0.3% of goods”(Econ South). This means that airplanes tranpsort the least amount of freight in the U.S. On the other hand, trains transport the most amount of freight in the U.S. In conclusion, trains haul the most amount of goods in the U.S.There is a numerous amount of commodities that railroads haul. Railroads haul “2.2 million tons of chemicals”(ARR).  This means that railroads haul a great amount of vital chemcials. “U.S. railroads transported 13.5 million intermodal containers and trailers in 2016″(ARR). This shows that intermodal traffic was booming in 2016. Railways in the U.S “Carry 1.3 million carloads of lumber and paper products per year”(ARR).  This shows that railroads haul a great deal of lumber and paper each year. All these statistics show that railroads haul a great deal of these three commodities. To add on from the previous paragraph, there are other various types of commodities that railroads haul. Trains help transport “About 75 percent of new motor cars, along with parts and accessories for the cars, in the U.S” (ARR). This means that railroads move approximatly three-fourths of new vehicles. Railroads, in addition to these main commodities, ship other types of freight such as “metallic ores, steel, crude oil, crushed stone, cement, and scrap metal that are needed in our country”(ARR). This states that railroads ship a bountiful amount of smaller commodities in the U.S. After studying these statstics, they show that railways ship a multitude of goods in the U.S.In conclusion, railroads are still needed in our country. Railroads are still needed  in our country because they can reduce highway congestion, they are a large transporter of freight, and they are a large economic driver. They ship lots of major commodities, accumulate billions of dollars per year as a whole, and create lots of jobs for people in the country. If railroads were not part of our American economy, our country would not be nearly as wealthy and successful as it is today.

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