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Multiple Sclerosis is a very unfortunate disease that leaves many people, especially women, disabled. Multiple sclerosis occurs when the myelin sheath surrounding neurons is gradually destroyed and hardens into sclerosis. Ultimately, this disease will cause the nerves to break down and become damaged forever. An autoimmune disease is a disease in which the body attacks its own tissue. The cause for multiple sclerosis is unknown, but since it is considered an autoimmune disease, it destroys myelin, which can be a major cause of it. Genetics and your surrounding environment also play a large role concerning the causes of multiple sclerosis. Like many other diseases, the chance of getting it can depend on your age, sex, genetic history, race, climate, and smoking. The symptoms include: fatigue, dizziness, numbness or weakness in one or many limbs, partial loss of vision, pain in certain parts of your body, tremor, slurred speech, and trouble with bladder or bowel functions. Not everyone has these same symptoms because they vary among everyone, but these are the most common. You should visit the doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms for any unknown reason. Multiple sclerosis is also a relapsing disease, which means it can occur more than once. This means the symptoms worsen each time. To diagnose multiple sclerosis, you will need a complete neurological exam and a review of your entire medical history by your doctor. There is no test to check if you have multiple sclerosis, instead, it often relies on ruling other important diseases out. This is known as differential diagnosis, ruling out diseases that have the same signs and symptoms as multiple sclerosis. After a thorough review of your medical history, doctors and physicians often recommend a blood test, lumbar puncture (spinal tap), MRI, as well as many other different kinds of tests to rule other diseases out. If a person has unusual or different symptoms, it can be harder to diagnose multiple sclerosis. Unfortunately, there is no cure for multiple sclerosis. There are treatments that can slow down the progression of the disease and that can help to manage multiple sclerosis symptoms, like the tremors, fatigue, slurred speech, dizziness, weakness, and other common symptoms. In addition to multiple sclerosis, there are multiple sclerosis attacks. There are a couple treatments to help with multiple sclerosis attacks. Corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation of the nerves. Another treatment to help with the attacks is a plasma exchange, also known as a plasmapheresis. This is where the plasma is removed from your blood cells, after this your blood cells are mixed with a protein and put back into your body. This treatment is performed if your symptoms are new, severe, and they have not gotten any better since you began taking steroids or corticosteroids. For the relapse-remitting multiple sclerosis that we discussed earlier, there is some different types of treatments. Beta interferons are very common and are often prescribed to people who have been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. These are injected into muscles and can help aid with relapse of the harsh symptoms. Ocrelizumab is another common drug that helps aid with multiple sclerosis. This is often in an IV. This particular drug helps slow the progression of the worsening symptoms. The last common treatment is glatiramer acetate. This is also known as copaxome. This medicine helps to block your immune system’s on myelin. This particular method of treatment must be injected beneath the skin. There are also a lot of treatments for signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Physical therapy and occupational therapy are both different ways to help people with signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Things like stretching and conditioning help tremendously. Muscle relaxants are also very helpful. There are also medications that help to reduce fatigue. These can help people stay energized. Ultimately, obtaining a healthy diet, exercise, and rest are vital to staying healthy all around.


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