Marxism has an enormous impact on the lives of the contemporary
people as well as future social revolutions. Marxism states that culture is the
cause of inequality in the society. To Marx, it is the main cause of perceived
deterioration of humanities, social science, culture as well as civilization,
therefore, it needs to be corrected by means of politics. The concept of
Marxism supports the liberal idea which dated back to the seventeenth century, John Locke and Marx through the mathematical calculations, production, andprofit demonstrated the need for social equality. According to Hunt et al(2012), “Marx held that the fundamental organization of any society, includingits politics and culture, derived from the relationships arising from work orproduction”. Marxism basically focuses on the economic inequalities as well aseconomic classes where there are divisions based on race, religion, familystructure, gender, and ethnicity. This ideology places huge importance on theanalyses, control a change of the popular culture, discourse, language as wellas the mass media. To Marx culture has a considerable amount of subconsciousinfluences on the people that creates as well as sustain inequalities.Therefore, Marxists all over the world have tried to remove such inequalitiesby having control or restriction on cultures. Different countries like Russia,China, Cuba and Vietnam that aimed to change their social superstructure byabolishing inequality among the people formed institutions for controllingsocial culture for creating a new culture. This ideology assures that this willpermanently bring the revolutionary changes, but need no bloodshed or without taking resort to anykind of political violence. Though these changes, the impact of the revolutionbecame more permanent as well as deep-rooted. The social evolution that wasbrought about by the revolt, get sustenance through cultural transformation.
Most of the outspoken
labor revolutionaries were the artisans who were struggling for survival in
this growing economy dominated by new factories. Their chief concern was the
unbalanced and the unequal distribution of wealth. This was the class struggle with whichCommunist manifesto opens. “Marx and Engels always placed more emphasis onclass struggle than the state that would result from the ensuing revolution” (Hunt,2012, 708). Marx defines his concept of history that identifies the two classesproletarians and bourgeois. (Hunt, 2012, 708). The bourgeois capitalistsincreased their own capital and the small business owners and artisans failedto compete with them. Thus, their situation became more deteriorated and thiscreated a revolutionary element in the minds of the weaker section fordestroying the supremacy of their bourgeois autocrats. The people were sodissatisfied that the society was going towards anarchy. “As the nation-stateexpanded its power, workers were also drawn to anarchism, which maintained thatthe existence of the state was the root of social injustice” (Hunt, 2012, 746).The concept of ‘Proletariats and Communists’ describes that the interests ofthe communists are not different from that of the proletarians. Their primaryobjective was the abolition of private property, thus equal power and the end of exploitation. “Capitalismwould be overthrown by these workers — the proletariat — who would then form asocialist society” (Hunt et al 2012). Marx demanded that the communist thinkerswant a social change through a revolution, so that the balance and equality can be established.There will be a protest as well as a revolutionary movement whenever there will be any disorder in social andpolitical balance and the interests of the proletarians will be at stake. Norevolutionary movement address the property question and free oppressed fromdominance as the Marxism does. In the conclusion, Marx thunders thatproletarians have nothing to lose except their chains.
In the 1850s was marked
by the nation-state disruption in Europe. The better-informed Europeans started
to protest the policies of the states as well as the transforming nature of the economy. The growthof factories led the artisans to lose their jobs. The political theorists likeKarl Marx and Proudhon, not only criticized the social system, but also analyzed the reason behind this upheaval. Their ideologiesmanipulated these discontented citizens leading “Pierre-JosephProudhon to urged workers to form producers’ association so the workers couldcontrol the work process and eliminate profits made by capitalists” (Hunt,2012, 707). They demanded a permanent solution for the atrocities of the government as well asthe employers. The people of Paris also demanded Paris Commune that will be aseat without self-interested politicians and Bearcats. The ideology that KarlMarx and Friedrich Engels introduced chiefly inspired the ordinary lower-classpeople. According to the historians, the effect of the book was so deep thatsoon after this text published, Paris erupted in revolt for overthrowing kingPhillippe. The expansion of government, rising of business was opposed by those enraged citizens, therefore, the middle as wellas upper-class people, political powers of the states were sensing the threat.
The essay analyses the depth of the Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx andFriedrich Engels. The document demonstrates an ideology which was completelydifferent from the social and political concepts that prevailed at thattime. This document provides an implicit picture of the social and culturalchanges in 1850s Europe. “in the manifesto for the communist league, they laidout many of the central principles that would guide Marxist revolution in thefuture: they insisted that all history is shaped by class struggle and that infuture revolution working class would overthrow the middle class, and replacecapitalism and private property with a communist state in which all property iscollective rather than individually owned” (Hunt, 2012, 708). The CommunistManifesto was one of the most influential document that changed the ideology ofpeople and manipulated the political changes to form a social and a communist state in some super powerful states in the world.