Lyme disease is a systemic infection caused by a spiral organism, which is characterized by neurological, articular and cardiac manifestations. It starts with a bite and a rash that can be so mild that most don’t even realize it. However, the consequences can be serious, sometimes even fatal. If antibiotics are diagnosed and treated early, Lyme disease usually cures easily. In general, LD can also be treated in its later stages effectively, but due to the rate of disease progression and variation of responses to treatment from patient to patient, some individuals may have symptoms that persist for several months or even years after treatment. Rarely does it cause permanent damage. Lyme disease can create symptoms that mimic a wide variety of other diseases, ranging from juvenile arthritis to multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease, so it is often misdiagnosed and left untreated. With antibiotics Thought to be an east coast phenomenon, LD is actually spreading inland from the upper east coast to the upper midwest, making its way around the country. The supposed cause for the roaming of this virus includes the migration of animals and outdoor activity such as hiking, farming, and travel. The first cases occurred in Lyme, Connecticut, where it is thought to originate from; hence the name. The Lyme disease epidemic rose throughout the mid 20th century, and researchers started taking notice among the 60’s and 70’s. In 1981, a scientist, Willy Burgdorfer discovered and identified the organism that was responsible for causing lyme disease: the Borrelia burgdorferi. Being the sixth most commonly reported vector borne illness in North America, Lyme disease is diagnosed in about 300,000 more people in the United States every year. One of the biggest dilemmas that eludes medical care for Lyme disease is the diagnosis. It is unlikely that diagnostic tests will be performed unless the doctor or physician is specialized to be on the look-out for these types of illnesses. Even when Lyme disease is suspected, the available diagnostic tests and current methods often result negatively and are thought to correctly identify only about one-half of all the cases tested, especially at the initial development of the disease. If it is not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, symptoms can subside and the disease will remain dormant only to come back with full force months or years later.