Known Forro which has also become familiar

Known for its diversity and famous for its football (soccer) tradition and its annual Carnaval in Rio De Janiero, Brazil is a country in South America. It extends from the Amazon Basin in the north all the way down to the vineyards and massive Iguacu falls in the south. It is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. Also it is the fifth largest country only by area which is about 8.5 million square kilometers. Brazils capital is Brasilia and its population is 207.7 million as of the year 2016. The official language that is spoken in Brazil is Portuguese. The climate for the most part is tropical but it is temperate in the south. (“Brazil Information,” n.d.)The country of Brazil, culture is rich and diverse because of its continental dimensions, varied geography, history and people. Brazil has an extremely large regional variations and even though they all speak the same language, some regions differentiate from each other that they look like different countries in all. Music is an important part in the Brazilian identity. There are many different genres in music like samba, choro and the bossa nova. Caipira music in Brazil is similar to American country music. Brazilian most popular music, which blends many national styles under a single concept. North-eastern happy dancing music style in Brazil is called Forro which has also become familiar nationwide. Brand new urban styles include funk which is a name given to a type of dance. Music genre from Rio’s favelas that combines heavy electronic beats and some rapping. Techno Brega is a genre that tends to please the crowd in the northern states, that involves romantic pop, dance music and caribbean music. Brazilian funk is the most popular type of music they listen to. It has a constant and repeated beat that is always the same, it never changes. They keep the beat, and sing songs to it. There are more than 1000 songs that are funk. You might think that people get tired of the same beat, but they actually do not. It is so impressive that there are a lot of songs that it never seems to gets old. Funk could be considered in some way a tradition because of the impact it has in rhythm, and it also seems to bring all types of people together.Capoeira is something that the african slaves brought to brazil. Well known by happy complicated movements and being joined by music, it can be seen and practiced in many Brazilian cities.Neoclassic Period is the classical music of brazil. Composers like Heitor Villa-Lobos and Camargo Guarnieri, who were the masterminds of  a typical Brazilian school, combining  elements of the classic European music to the Brazilian rhythms, while other composers like Cláudio Santoro followed the guidelines of the Second School of Vienna. During the Romantic Period in Brazil, one of the most well known names was Antonio Carlos Gomes. Gomes was the author of some Italian-styled operas with some typical Brazilian themes,”Lo Schaivo” and “Guarany” . A very famous name during the classical period was José Maurício Nunes Garcia. He was a priest who wrote both sacred and secular music and was very influenced by the Viennese classical style of the 18th and early 19th century. Brazil has the most variety of animals of any country in the world. It is home to 600 mammal species, 1,500 fish species, 1,600 bird species, also 100,000 different types of insects. The jungles of  Brazil are home to most of its animal life, but many other unique species also live there. In the central-western part of Brazil there is a swamp called Pantanal. This area is Brazil is the world’s largest wetland. Right there lives huge anacondas, huge guinea pig relatives called capybaras, and South American alligators called caimas. People have been exploiting the jungles of Brazil for thousands of years. Europeans arrived about five centuries ago, and destroyed the forests. Most of Brazil’s Atlantic rain forest is now gone, and alot tracts of the Amazon are disappearing every year. The government has made many national parks and refuges, but they only cover about 7 percent of the country.Brazil is a federal republic with a president, a National Congress, and a judiciary. From about 1888 until now, the country struggled with democracy. But in 1985, the military government was removed, and by 1995, Brazil’s politics and economy had become fairly stable. Brazil is able to produce a lot of crops because of  the different soils and climates. Its agricultural exports include sugarcane, latex, coffee, cocoa beans, cotton, soybeans, rice, and tropical fruits. Brazil is also one of the most industrial nation in South America producing chemicals, steel, aircraft, and cars.Many scientists thought Brazil was first settled by Asians about 10,000 years ago, however recently, new evidence shows there were people living there at least 32,000 years ago. Some experts think they most likely came from islands in the Pacific Ocean. During the great European explorations in the late 15th century led by Portugal and Spain, is when Brazil was added to the map of the world. When Europeans first reached Brazil, the country was already home to about 30 million indigenous people, or Amerindians. Today there is only about 300,000 that remain and they primarily in Brazil’s remotest places. Back in 1530 is when Portugal established its first colony. Colonists created sugarcane plantations along the coast and sent diamonds and gold back to Europe. Shortly after that, some people from West Africa were brought to Brazil to work as slaves. The discovery of large inland gold reserves brought thousands of people from the coasts and as far away as Europe to the interior of the country. Brazilians tried to kick out the rulers in portuguese back in 1789. The rebellion was eventually shut down, but it created a motion regarding independence. By 1822 the country of Brazil was a sovereign nation. Brazil became a federal republic after the Kings of Portuguese ruled until the year of 1888, when military leaders and landowners eject the king  (“National Geographic kids,” March 20, 2014).   Because of the constant growth in Brazil, Brazil is facing a number of social, environmental and political challenges.  However the economy is also doing very well. In fact, it is one of the world’s largest and most significant economies. It is also the only Portuguese-speaking country in both North and South America.        Work Cited(n.d.). Retrieved December 15, 2017, from http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~sergiok/brasil/brafacts.htmlMeyer, A. (1970, January 01). Brazil.org.za. Retrieved January 16, 2018, from http://www.brazil.org.za/Lazyllama, D. P., Magelssen, D. P., Allen, D. P., Jaysi, D. P., Mora, D. P., Paura, D. P., & Maps, N. G. (2014, March 20). Brazil Country Profile – National Geographic Kids. Retrieved January 16, 2018, from https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/brazil/#brazil-soccer.jpg

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