introMinderheden 120 million. This is almost 15

introMinderheden met geloofchristenenrohingya moslimsChristianity is not the only faith that is not allowed in southeast Asia. In Myanmar, for example, where Buddhism is the largest religion, the Rohingya people are not even given official citizenship since the country is independent. Even their name is not accepted, in Myanmar they are considered to be Bengali.In Myanmar the majority of the population is Buddhist, while most of the Rohingya are muslim and some Hindu. They are constantly suppressed. They do not have access higher education and healthcare, they are not allowed to marry or have children. In 2016, 9 officers were found dead in the Rakhine state, the state where most of the Rohingya live. In response, the government security forces went to those villages where they killed, raped and tortured civilians and they burned over 400 buildings. In August 2017 more than 70,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar, at the end of September this number almost reached half a million. The government still denies that it is guilty of this ethnic cleansing and this genocide. geloven IndiaIn India around 80 percent of the total population is Hindu, but this does not mean that there are no other faiths. The Muslim population in India is the third largest in the world, with 120 million. This is almost 15 percent of the total population of India. Even though the Muslims in India are with many, they are still suppressed. These Muslims are not openly persecuted or murdered by the government, but they are treated as if they are inferior. For example, when Hindu extremists killed over 2000 Muslims, the police failed to register the complaints, which eventually led to many of these Hindu extremists to go free. This is only one case, but the Sachar Commission Report in 2006 proved that Muslims are systematically discriminated in India. They are underdeveloped with regards to education, income and representation in the government. This outcome had long been suspected, but this was the first research that actually proved the discrimination against Muslims. This report also made the Muslims in India more aware of the condition they are in. This in turn led to these Muslims focussing more on their development, they started by improving their education, many small colleges have been made. There are also new Muslim political parties being formed, which fixate on solving the problem of underdevelopment for the Muslims in India. Muslims are not the only religious minority in India. Jews are not being prosecuted in India, but their numbers are declining, mainly due to migration. They do experience anti-semitism, they receive threats and some islamic organisation have declared them enemies of the Islam. 90 Percent of all the Sikhs live in India, but only in the state Punjab do they form a majority. After the attack on the twin towers, the Sikhs started to receive more hate and discrimination, because they are being associated with Al-Qaida. The Sikhs are still erasing the misunderstanding of them having any relation with Al-Qaida. Minderheden die zijn verdreven uit hun eigen landChineseIn many countries there is a Chinese minority present. Not every southeast asian country deals with them the same way. In Vietnam for example, the Chinese are fairly well off. The poverty among the Hoa Chinese is lower than the poverty among the majority in Vietnam. However, they are slowly losing their culture. There are schools that are allowed to teach Mandarin, but they are not allowed to teach anything more than the language. The Chinese heritage cannot be passed on in this way. And in Thailand for example, the Chinese are well integrated. They do not experience any form of institutionalized discrimination. In many countries they are treated the same, they are not discriminated against in any way. This is unfortunately not the case everywhere. In Brunei Darussalam the Chinese are still refused to get official citizenship. Due to this they cannot get certain jobs, they do not have freedom of religion and they are limited in the use of their language. die minderheid zijnBrunei – 19000 indigenous peoples (mainly Marut, Kedayan and Dusun) In Brunei the indigenous peoples make up approximately 15 percent of the total population. There are many different peoples, but the largest groups are Dusun, Murut and Kedayan. Most of them are recognised as citizens of Brunei, they may own land and they have some other rights as well. In general they are treated well, but they are slowly forced to lose their traditions. The government of Brunei is banning activities of non-Muslim groups and giving advantages to the Muslim population. Many of the indigenous peoples are followers of animism, but they are converting to the Islam, just because there are too many downsides of being a animist. However, their faith is not the only part of their culture that they are losing. Malay is being made the only language that is used officially. All indigenous people will need to use Malay, which is causing the number of speakers of the indigenous languages to fall continuously. FilipijnenIn 1997 the Indigenous People’s Rights Act was signed by the then president Fidel V Ramos. This act was supposed to protect the minorities, who were trying to stop a company from entering their area. It did not serve the purpose it was made for. Nowadays these same minorities are caught in the crossfire between the government and the followers of the communist party. Other inhabitants of the Philippines are expanding the area in which they live and by doing so, the indigenous peoples are driven away. When they protest against this, wanting their rights to be protected, it will be named communist propaganda and no more attention is given to it. They have to live with these constant threats of being attacked and they cannot do anything about it.  ( minorities in Cambodia have the same status as the majority of Khmer people. Their languages are allowed to be used, even in court. During, and before, the regime of Pol Pot from 1975 until 1979 the complete opposite was happening. This regime was trying to erase all minorities out of existence. Before 1970 there were 400,000 Vietnamese living in Cambodia. More than 100,000 of these people were murdered and everyone else had fled the country. After 1979 there was not a single Vietnamese living in Cambodia. When the regime of Pol Pot ended, some fled Vietnamese returned, there were also new Vietnamese coming into Cambodia. Today the number of registered Vietnamese is approximately 61,000. It is estimated that there are actually around 400,000 Vietnamese living in Cambodia, most of whom do not have a birth certificate. conclusionThe position of minorities in Southeast Asian countries depend very much on which minority it is, but also on the country they are in. In Brunei Darussalam all the minorities are systematically suppressed, while Vietnam the Hoa Chinese are better of regarding certain aspects.


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