Introduction and Internet etc. FORMS OF TOURISIM: Domestic


All over the world, tourism generates income to the
countries. Tourism gives ample employment opportunities for the local people
and also benefiting the home country. India has just now realized the gains
inculcated in this sector. Because India is a growing economy and itself has a
rich culture and diverse sections, Tourism industry of India fetches billions
of dollars pumped into the economy every year. The rise in the growth of
tourism sector is because of the rise in the arrival of more foreign tourists
and there is also growth in the number of domestic tourists. It is hard to
describe the beauty of India. The natural beauty of India, dresses, festivals,
heritage sites, pilgrimages of India are most popular among tourists
attraction. These things are admired by travelers and they come here. India has
many places like Kerala, Goa, Darjeeling, Kashmir,Manali, Shimla, etc which are
very popular. These places are the main attraction of tourists across the world
.There are also so many other places worth visiting ., like KutubMinar(Delhi) /
Tajmahal(Agra )/ Charminar(Hyderabad )and Salarjung museum / The city of fine
arts(Chennai) / the Garden City (Bangalore)/  god’s own country(Kerala) / Kolkata was
arguably second only to London in administrative importance in the British
Empire and also has the home of personalities like Rabindranath Tagore,
AmartyaSen, Mother Teresa, and Satyajit Ray, the city is often referred to as
the “cultural capital of India” etc. the Ministry of Tourism has been set up by
The Government of India in order to boost Tourism in India. Many projects have
been undertaken by The Ministry of Tourism to showcase India as a perfect
Tourist destination and to create a visitor-friendly image for the country. The
major steps taken by the Government were the “AtithiDevoBhavah” Campaign which gave
a message of “honour your Guest as he is always equivalent to God” and the “Incredible
India” Campaign which was successful in making a colorful and a beautiful image
of our country as a perfect holiday destination.

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 The present
study is based on the secondary data published by various organizations. The
present study makes use of data and 
information provided by, UNWTO, Ministry 
of  Statistics and Programme  Implementation ,Ministry  of 
Tourism,  Magazines, Newspapers,
Economic journals and Internet etc.


Domestic Tourism:

Domestic tourism is tourism involving residents of
onecountry traveling only within that country.

Inbound Tourism:

Incoming tourism is also known as ‘inbound
tourism’.  Incoming tourism means
travelers arriving in different 
countries from their own.

Outbound Tourism:

Outbound tourism refers to residents to travel
outside  their home country.


Types of tourism in india

 India is the
nation which has a lot of diversity according to its mythology,ecology,
geographical,history diversity in terms of planes, mountains and plateaus and
also the medicinal diversity teaching us the Science of Life (Ayurveda). India
shows a variety of tourism opportunities which includes Pilgrimage Tourism,Ecological
Tourism,Adventure Tourism, Medical Tourism,Historical Tourism and Ayurveda
Tourism. So Tourism in India could be broadly classified on the basis of above
mentioned categories


 Leisure can
be explained as “free time” and not performing any work. Leisure tourism
includes a holiday with the family, friends, etc.

Business tourism:

Business tourism is explained as “travel for the
purpose of business”. Business Tourism can be divided into three:-

 (a) Trading
for goods. 

(b) Conduct business transactions e.g. visiting a
client, contract discussions.

(c) Attending a conference or event associated with
their business.


Ecological tourism:

 The rich
diversity in the flora and fauna with beautiful natural attractions has
encouraged Ecological Tourism in India. The forests cover on the Andaman and
Nicobar islands, the Malabar Coast,Orissa;the Kaziranga;the mountain ranges in
North India and the Hill Stations such as Shimla,Manali, Ooty, the beautiful
beaches at Goa and the backwaters of Kerala and much more is nothing but a
feast for all nature lovers.

Pilgrimage tourism: 

India is known as the “LAND OF GODS AND GODDESS”.
India is mostdeveloped country in culture and also the birthplace of manypoets
and philosophers has marked its development in Pilgrimage Tourism since the
ancient times. “Kedarnath, Badrinath, Amarnath, the Golden Temple at Amritsar,
Dwarka, Dargahs and Masjids at Delhi and Ajmer, churches and temples at Goa”are
some of the common main attractions of tourists in Pilgrimage tourism.


 India is the
place which gave many great rulers and warriors creating great histories. Every
city, places and monuments has its own history. The most common tourist
attractions include the TajMahal at Agra, the Ajanta Ellora and Khajuraho
caves, the forts at Delhi,Maharashtra and Rajasthan, one of the oldest
historical cities of India “Madurai” in Tamil Nadu and there are many more.


Tourism is an emerging kind of tourism in India in recent times. Due to low
cost and efficient medication facilities more number of people all over the
world considers India to be a better option for medication purpose.

Adventure tourism:

India is one of the finest places for Adventure
Tourism due to its geographical diversity. Mountaineering, trekking in the
ranges of Himalayas,skiing,River rafting in the Ganges near Rishikesh, Camel
safaris in Rajasthan,Wind rafting,Rock climbing and much more of adventures for
every adventure lover is provided by India upon its visitors.

Wildlife tourism:

Wildlife tourism includes activities such as,
viewing and photography. This form of tourism gives tourists many tour packages
and safaris and is mostly associated with sustainable-tourism andeco-tourism.



Positive impacts

1.      Generating
Income and Employment:

 Tourism in India is a tool for the generation
ofincome and employment, alleviation ofpoverty and sustainable human
development programs. It contributes 9.6% to the GDP of our country and 8.78%
of the total employment in India.

2.      Source
of Foreign Exchange Earnings:

Tourism is the third
largest source of foreign exchange earnings in India. This has the favorable
balance of payment for the country. FEEs
during the month of September 2017 were Rs. 13,867 crore as compared to Rs.11,642crore
in September 2016 and Rs.10,415 crore in September 2015. The increase in FEEs
shows the development of the tourism sector.

3.      Preservation
of National Heritage and Environment:

 Tourism helps to preserve several places which
has historical importance by declaring them as heritage sites. For instance,
the TajMahal, Ajanta and Ellora temples, etc. would have been destroyed if the
Tourism Department had not put efforts to preserve them. As like that the
tourism also helps in preserving many endangered species of the nation

4.      Developing

 Tourism encourages the development of
infrastructure that benefits the home country, including with various means of
health care facilities,transports and sports centers, in addition to that the
hotels and high class restaurants that cater to foreign visitors will also be
developed. The development of infrastructure hasalso induced the development of
other productive activities.

5.      Promoting
Peace and Stability:

 There are suggestions that the tourism also
helps to promote peace and relationship between the developing countries by
providing jobs, diversifying the economy, generating income, promoting
cross-cultural awareness and protecting the environment.


Insufficient standardizedhotels in the
country leadsto the problem of proper accommodation for the visitingtourists in
the particular site.

Lack of efficientinfrastructure

Poor health, lack of hygiene and proper sanitation
among majority of people especially in the rural parts of thecountry makes the
visitors to travel to towns for their accommodation.

Incidents of local people harassing,
misbehavingand torturing the tourists who visit our country creates bad image
on the hospitality of our country.

Sometimes tourism leads to the social
fabric destruction of a community. A good example is Goa. From the late 60’s
till the early 80’s where the Hippy culture was at its peak, Goa was a haven
for such hippies. Here as the tourists came in thousands and they changed the
whole culture of the state by giving a increment in the usage of drugs,
prostitution and human trafficking.


To determine the growth of tourism
in Indian economic development.

To determine the contribution of
tourism to the national income.

To analyze the foreign exchange
earnings in India.



Tourism brings money to the countries which import
more tourists. Tourism also provides employment for the local people and
further benefiting the destinations .India has realized the profits available
from this sector. Thanks to its growing and expanding economy and it is also a
culturally rich and diverse nation. India’s tourism industry now brings
billions of moneyinto the economy each year. The growth in the tourism industry
is due to the rise in the arrival of more and more foreign tourists.

The number of FTAs in Indiaduring:

2008 : 3.61 lakhs

2009 : 3.4 Lakhs

3.54 lakhs



The number of foreign tourist arrivals
in the country in 2013 showed an increase of about 4.1 % over2012.

In 2016, foreign tourist arrival in
India stood at 8.8 million.

By 2025, foreign tourist arrivals in
India is expected to reach 15.3million, according to the World Tourism

The number of
Foreign Tourist Arrivals(FTAs) in April 2017 were 7.40 lakh as compared to FTAs
of 5.99 lakh in April 2016 and 5.42 lakh in April, 2015.

It can be seen that the growth of tourism
in Indian economic development  has
increased over the years. Tourism is not only a growth engine but also an
employment generator. “According to the Economic Survey 2011-12, the sector has
the capacity to create large scale employment both direct and indirect, for
diverse sections in society, from the most specialized to unskilled workforce”.
“It provides 6-7 per cent of the world’s total jobs directly and millions more
indirectly through the multiplier effect as per the UN’s World Tourism
Organization (UNWTO)”.


India – Contribution of travel and
tourism to GDP as a share of GDP

Tourism plays an
important role in Indian economic development compared with any other sectors
of the nation, India ranks 7th in the world in terms of its tourism sector’s
contribution to the GDP. Tourism can offer bothdirect and indirect aid to a
nation’s economy. Direct benefits include economic support for hotels, retail
shops, transportation services, entertainment venues and attractions, while
indirect benefits include government spending on related infrastructure, plus
the domestic spending of Indians employed in the tourism sector.

Tourism in India accounts for 9.6 per
cent of the GDP and is the 3rd largest foreign exchange earner for the country.

The tourism and hospitality sector’s
direct contribution to GDP in 2016, was US$ 71.53 billion.

During 2006–17, direct contribution of
tourism and hospitality to GDP is expected to register a Combined annual Growth
Rate(CAGR) of 14.05 per cent.

The direct contribution of travel and
tourism to GDP is expected to reach US$ 147.96 billion by 2027 which will be a
100% growth in 10 years of time.


Foreign Exchange Earnings (In Rupee
and US $ Terms) through Tourism in India in September 2017

Ministry of Tourism
estimates monthly Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) through tourism in India,
both in rupee and dollar terms based on the credit data of Travel Head from
Balance of Payments of RBI.

The highlights of the
estimates of FEEs from tourism in India for September 2017 and Jan-September
2017 are as below :

Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) through Tourism (in
Rs. terms)

FEEs during the month of September 2017
were Rs.13,867crore as compared to Rs.11,642 crore in September 2016 and
Rs.10,415 crore in September 2015.

This shows us that there has been an increment in
the income of foreign exchange earnings of Rs.1000crore per year, so if we
continue the progress there will be more income to the country.


In the year 2002, the
Government of India announced a New 
Tourism Policy.

The policy is built
around the 7-S Mantra of –








PRASAD Scheme of
Ministry of Tourism

Twelve cities have been
identified for development under Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality
Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) by the Ministry of Tourism.

Ø  Amaravati
(Andhra Pradesh)

Ø   Gaya(Bihar)

Ø  Dwaraka(Gujarat)

Ø   Amritsar(Punjab)

Ø   Ajmer(Rajasthan)

Ø  Kanchipuram(Tamil

Ø  Vellankani(Tamil

Ø  Puri(Odisha)

Ø   Varanasi(Uttar Pradesh)

Ø   Mathura(Uttar Pradesh)

Ø  Kedarnath
(Uttarakhand) and

Ø  Kamakhya

The Heritage City
Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme aimed at preserving and
revitalizing the soul and unique character of the heritage cities in India, has
been approved by the Ministry of Urban Development for the Twelve cities under
the scheme in the first phase, namely;

Ø  Amaravati(Andhra

Ø   Gaya (Bihar)

Ø  Dwarka

Ø  Badami(Karnataka)

Ø  Puri

Ø   Amritsar (Punjab)

Ø   Ajmer(Rajasthan)

Ø  Kanchipuram
(Tamil Nadu)

Ø  Vellankani(Tamil

Ø   Warangal (Telangana)

Ø   Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) and

Ø   Mathura (Uttar Pradesh).

Ø  The
criterion for selection of these cities is their rich heritage and cultural

Ø  To
implement the PRASAD scheme a Mission Directorate has been set up in the
Ministry of Tourism. The Budget provision of Rs.15.60 crore has been made in
Revised Estimate (RE) 2014-15. For Development of basic facilities at Vishnupad
Temple, Gaya in Bihar under this Scheme first installment of Rs.85.78 lakh has
been released. 

Ø  For
the HRIDAY scheme under the Ministry of Urban Development, an amount of
Rs.453.90 crores has been allocated to the HRIDAY scheme for implementation and
development works. 



India is a country with varied culture and traditions.
The fantastic thing about India is that the Indian festivals, dresses, heritage
sites of India are extremely popular among the world tourists. Tamil Nadu, Kerala,
Darjeeling, Goa, Shimla and Manali are most favoured best scenic places in
India. Commercial enterprises business in India has large potential for
creating employment and earning great amount of foreign exchange earnings
besides giving a positive stimulus to the country’s overall economic and social
development. Promotion of tourism can be done in order that commercial
enterprises in India helps in protective and sustaining the variety of the
India’s natural and cultural environments. commercial enterprise in India ought
to be developed in such means how some way the way the simplest way that it
accommodates and entertains guests in an exceedingly way that’s minimally
intrusive or harmful to the setting and sustains & supports the native
cultures within the locations it’s operational in. commercial enterprise could
be a multi-dimensional activity, and essentially an industry. All wings of the
Central and State governments, non-public sector and voluntary organizations
ought to become active partners within the endeavour to realize property growth
in commercial enterprise if India is to become a world player within the
commercial enterprise business.


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