India equality and enhancing women empowerment that

India is a fast growing nation. The revolution of information society has changed the global scenario and provides new opportunities in the economic and social development of the country. But still the speed of improving gender equality definitely needs a push forward. This is not possible without women empowerment and education, and for that there is a need to prioritize our goals towards gender equality. ICT plays a vital role in promoting gender equality and enhancing women empowerment that will enable women to take active part in decision making, participation in the economic and political processes, and bring an overall improvement in their quality of life. Moreover, steps should be taken to support women’s equal participation at all levels of the ICT sector, private as well as public. There is also a need to spread the benefits of hiring women and support women integration at various levels. Transparency in career paths and salary structures will provide better results in reducing gender gap. Further NGOs and government should come forward towards making awareness of using ICT strategies for making improvement within women’s community and their lives.  Keywords: Women empowerment, ICT, Gender equality, Challenges and Strategies. Introduction India is one of the fastest growing nations in the world. We are growing in technology, innovations, infrastructure, industries, and many more. Women empowerment is necessary for creating a good nation. Women play a major role in economic development of a country. Indian women have made a major impact and achieved success in many areas. Empowerment is a multi-dimensional process which should enable individuals or a group of individuals to enhance their capability and powers in all spheres of life and achieve equality with men that helps in reducing gender gap. Empowerment of women, particularly rural women has become an important issue in the strategies of balanced development with social justice. Empowerment results in women’s ability to take control over decision making, increase self-confidence better status and role in the home, community, society and nation. The country’s first prime minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru said –  “When women move forward the family moves, the villages moves, and the nation move.” India of 21st century needs to promote gender equality and improve the status of women. For more women to be employed, it is necessary to enhance the skills of women.  ICT provides an opportunity for enhancing gender equality, women’s empowerment and development. ICTs and access to the Internet provide basic infrastructure and set of tools that can offer benefits for women in all shapes of life. Gender Inequality and ICT Gender inequality in India refers to inequalities in health, education, occupational, economic, social and political between men and women in India. The country ranked 108 out of 144 in the global gender gap report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF). Though India succeeded in fully closing its primary and secondary education gender gaps and near to closing its tertiary education gender gap, but its overall literacy rate between men and women is 80:59.4  Indian society is male dominated both economically and socially and women are always on dependant role. A nation that does not esteem its women cannot grow and develop. Thus, the focus should be on betterment of women by empowering them. The causes of gender inequality are complex but there are many social factors which are responsible for gender inequality. Some of them are: • Discrimination against girls • Dowry • Marriage laws • Lack of awareness • Low educational Status • Poverty • Insufficient advancement facilities ICT plays a major role in transforming social, economic, and political life of women globally. While ICT is recognized as a tool for promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women, a “Digital divide” also been identified. The digital divide is characterized as low levels of access to internet,  ICT facilities, Poverty, illiteracy, lack of computer literacy and language barriers, especially in developing countries. ICT can overcome some of the challenges faced by women like illiteracy, poverty, mobility and socio-cultural environment.


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