In have accepted the money with her

In the story
“A Doll’s House” By Henrik Ibsen, Ibsen brings to light the perceptions of
society and how the roles of gender are defined. By reading this story one can view
what might have been the positions of gender were at that time in the beginning
of the story, Nora relies so deeply on Torvald and his money. Ibsen portrayed Nora as the ideal
woman to have.
Torvald threw insults at Nora all the time, like her being too fat for eating
too much sweets, and she would just take it. Women in the beginning of this story are meant be the
opposite of the role of men like Torvald. They are meant to have no back bone and never stand
up for themselves and be independent. This attitude towards women in “A Doll’s House” gives
the reader the idea that women have never been respected for what they do and
how they sacrifice and contribute to society and their household.

In this story Ibsen pains a dark picture of what women
sacrifice in this society. Mrs.
Linde felt she had to leave Krogstad to marry a richer man, so she can support
her two brothers and her mother. Nora’s caretaker had to abandon her own child to be able to support
herself as the nanny of the children in Nora’s house. Ibsen showed his concerns of the
role of women and the chauvinistic ways of men. It is deeply shown in the story by
some of these references prior

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to this
statement and by the many example of Torvald mistreating Nora and some of his


Later in the story Nora takes out a loan with the intentions
of saving Torvald’s life. She had to go behind Torvald’s back because he never would have accepted
the money with her being a woman and all. Men were portrayed in “A Doll’s House” as being the
owner of women because the woman could not basically do anything by law without
the man’s consent. Women
are not trusted to do the roles of the husband, therefore not appreciated for
what they do and sacrifice and. In this part of the story women are portrayed by the want to defy their
spouse, and you can see that by the behavior of Nora throughout the story.

In this
story, the women had a role to fill that had to be perfect. They had to raise the children in a
way that had to be perfect. They had to take care of the whole household in a way that had to be
perfect. Nora’s
father was very over bearing. He told her what to wear, what to think and say and essentially how to
live her life. When
changing houses from Father to Husband, the role Nora had essentially did not
change at all.
Torvald treated her the same way as her father. In this part Ibsen describes that
all men are alike in that society. That all men treat women the same, like “Owners” of
women. The nicknames
Torvald gives Nora like “little skylark” and “featherbrain” signify that he
thinks lesser of her. This is not necessarily Torvald’s view but more the view of society that
was infused in Torvald. In this case he feels that Nora is not intelligent enough to reason like
he does but on the other hand Nora flirts with hime to get what she wants and
by doing so she is on the level of Torvald’s expectations.

 The woman’s role is to
stay home and obey the husband in all that they do and to do the duties the
husband feels fit. Ibesen
helps the reader find how hard it is in “a Doll’s House” for women to get out
of this dilemma or even express their case. Women are pushed into these roles without a chance to
choose for themselves or have any influence in the matter.

In conclusion,
the women in ‘A Doll’s House’ Men and Women have a specific role to play in
Women are to sacrifice all their needs to better support their family. Men are to be the head of the house
hold and make all the decisions. Another big role for women is Familial duties. We can see the love Nora had for her
children but she had to sacrifice and leave them. This role is portrayed by Ibsen that
a woman is frowned upon if they do not fill this role perfectly. It is a very obvious expectation of
the society. Nora
is looked down upon for following through on leaving her familial duties
because she is not expected to leave. In the end, Women are looked upon to be inferior to
Men in “A Doll’s House” and because of that, are given the roles to be inferior.

            Literature played a big role in the
Norwegian Feminism Movements. Ariana Mckenna speaks of this in an article about Feminism in the 19th
century in Norway.
Before the Feminist Movement, “Unmarried women were dependent on their fathers
and married women were dependent on their husbands”. The issue with
this that Mckenna argues is that women were never given the opportunity to show
their potential and support themselves or their families. Men held women to
a standard of watching over the kids or just the familial duties in general. Like what was said
earlier in this paper. Also, Mckenna argues that, “Women were not expected to acquire
any further education beyond high school.” The reasoning behind this is when she says, “They
were instead in charge of domestic activities such as maintaining the household
and caring for the children. Women were not expected to work unless there was an extreme financial
crisis at home – men were expected to provide income.” Women sacrifice so much and are not
given the slightest acknowledgement. In a Doll’s House, Ibsen focuses on the way men and
women are seen in society. Nora maintains and runs the home. Torvald provides the income. Nora is seen as a child and is called
many names to demean her. Ibsen later shows that Nora is not satisfied with the role she has been
given like the regular female stereotype. With this story and many others, sparked the feminist
movements in Norway that later helped thousands of women to be treated equally
throughout Norway and the world.

            Ronald F. Levant in the article “Gender
Equality and The New Psychology of Men: Comment on “The Politics of Gender in
Family Therapy”” said, “That most people do not know the role that gender
ideologies has played in their personality development and the influence it has
on them in their everyday lives and their futures (pg. 439). Today’s society effects a big part
on how people see themselves and others. One thing is because of the gender roles and
stereotypes that have been so focused on in an individual’s life. Society has a big role in the say of
what a Man and Woman are perceived to be. What their roles are both inside the house and out. A big chunk of society today
believes a man should be the main income for their family because of the role
that society has given therm. Women are expected to take care of the children, cleaning the house, and
cooking all the meals.  In the article “Do young women expect gender equality in their
future lives? An answer from a possible self’s experiment’ by Janell C. Fetterolf and Alice H. Eagly it says “due to greater
domestic demands, women’s efforts to balance employment and family roles can be
Research has shown that women, more often than men, experience exhaustion, or
‘burnout,’ due to conflict between their career and family.” This quote shows how much women
push themselves and in many cases to a very unhealthy limit.

            In the article, “Status
and the Gender Stereotyped Personality Traits: Toward an Integration” by
Gwendolyn L. Gerber, Gerber defines
Gender stereotypes. It says, “The belief that women and men have
different personality traits and the difference between men’s and women’s
perceptions of their own personality attributes. In addition, it examines the extent
to which status affects the evaluations associated with women’s and men’s
self-perceived traits…the instrumental and expressive attributes that have been
the focus of most theoretical and empirical work, in addition to other
less-researched attributes.” This quote basically means that gender roles are usually defined
by individuals and also by society.

Gender roles are a conception
that the Man is the “Breadwinner” and the woman stays at home and fulfills the
duties of a “Housewife”. The compromise
is to treat them as equal and not to make stereotypes as a society. These stereotypes are what make everyone grow up
the way that they do and behave the way that they do. These expectations are given at a very small age and are why this
conception is so seared into our brains. Ibsen
in A Doll’s House focuses on this misconception because he believed that Men
and Women are equal and are able to do what they feel suits them.



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