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hat drives rebellion? Is it the urge to be released from control? Or is it the inspiration of others to encourage change? These questions proved pivotal during many time periods in western civilization and certainly were echoed in the minds of many of the founding fathers during the American revolution. The American Revolution was a time of change, development, and rebellion. A period in time where the thirteen colonies gained independence from Great Britain and became known as the United States.   The war that ultimately resulted in revolting, was the French and Indian war, where Britain was fighting to protect the thirteen colonies, and fighting against the French for Canadian control. After defending and protecting the colonists, the British government forced taxes on the colonists in an effort to both control and manipulate their actions, and to pay off British debt from the French and Indian War, as evidenced by the enactment of  the Stamp, Quartering and Sugar Acts. During the French and Indian war many expenses were incurred, thus making British government go into a large debt. Numerous amounts of taxes were places on American colonies in order to pay for this debt.    “The nation has run its into an immense debt to give them this protection; and now they are called upon to contribute a small share to the public expense” (Document 1). Great Britain has a large debt because the government has to protect the people and for this protection money must come from the people. The people that should help pay for the debt would be people within the British society. The government had gone into massive debt, but should not harshly tax American colonists to receive money. One way Great Britain attempted to tax colonists was through the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was the first tax levied onto the American colonists  by Parliament in which documents, newspaper and even playing cards were stamped,  while in return colonists had to pay the British government taxes in return. Colonists grew angry not only because of the high tax but because they had no direct representation in the parliament that imposed the tax. “Britain was determine to remind the colonies who was boss”(Document 6). Protest on the Stamp act began quite fast, for colonist formeda group known as “Sons of Liberty” where they frighted collectors and boycotted buying the stamps.  Ultimately colonists believed that the Stamp Act violated their liberties and rights. Later on pressure on the Parliament grew rather quickly for them to repeal this act In 1767, Parliament passed an act known as the Townshend acts that punished colonists from products such as tea, molasses, paint, glasses, and pottery. Colonists were angered by the Townshend Acts and in response they protested, as they felt Great Britian was implementing unjust laws. ” Colonists joined together and boycotted British goods… they took power away from colonial governments” (1767-Townshend Act, 1 ). The Townshend acts was a variety of  acts which gave Britain greatercontrol over the colonies and to enable them to collect more money from the colonists to pay off their debt largely ensued as a result of the French and Indian War. Samuel Adams wrote a letter concerning that the laws placed on colonists was violating their rights and sent it to other colonies, and so they all began to protest once more. One of the most effective ideas colonists could  protest “taxation without representation”(Document 4) was through boycotting British goods. These protest led to what was known as the Boston Massacre. In an attempt to reduce tension, Parliament ended almost all of Townshend Acts, except for one which was the Tea act. Normally the British Tea Company “East India” would sell to American traders in London, who would then sell the tea to colonists. When the British government passed the Tea Act they started to sell their tea directly to the colonists. “The act’s main purpose was not to raise revenue from the colonies but to bail out the floundering East India Company, a key actor in the British economy”(History.com Staff, 1). This made colonial merchants angry once again, although the tea was cheaper the Tea Act took away their source of making money while taxing them to purchase their own tea. On December 16, 1773,  Americans quarreled back with the decision to tax tea by boycotting British tea. That same night a group of colonists disguised as Mohawk Indians sneaked onto three ships filled with tea and dumped over 340 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. This became known as the Boston Tea Party, that was celebrated by many colonies.In conclusion, due to Britain officials acquiring colonists to pay for the debt lost in the French and Indian war.  Britain’s effort to raise taxes by passing one after another generated protests from colonists. These protests led for organizations and groups to form in order to boycott British goods. Acts such as the Sugar, Stamp, Tea, Quartering act and events such as the Boston Massacre all led up to what was ultimately the American Revolution. After all, the colonists argued that it was their right to know in advance the taxes to be imposed on them and then have a say concerning their validity.  


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