Gandhali Automated Guided Vehicle, AGV. Index Terms

Gandhali Aradhye, Anjali Joshi, Shayar Singh Rathore

(Students, Electronics & Telecommunication Department)

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Indira
College of Engineering and Management

Pune, India.

 

Prof. Varsha Dahiphale

(Electronics & Telecommunication Department)

Indira
College of Engineering and Management

Pune, India.

 

Abstract – This paper represents the
concept of major material handling systems known as Automated Guided Vehicle
(AGV), a robot that can be accessed using wireless communication. It can be
used to deliver materials from supply area to the technician automatically. AGV
travels along the virtual path provided to it using computers. Hence, this
requires less human intervention and manual control. Also, to avoid collision
with human workers, a proximity detector can be added which causes the robot to
stop when an obstacle is detected in its way. The human errors has a negative
effect on safety, efficiency and quality. These effects can be reduced using
Automated Guided Vehicle, AGV.

Index Terms – Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV), Radio Frequency (RF), docking, ATmega 16,
Wireless communication.

                                                                                                                                                                    
I. Introduction

Automation
in manufacturing technology allows companies to rapidly produce products. This
has provoked a trend to reduce bulk inventory in favor of short term supplies.
Improved product handling and speed can be achieved with the implementation of
an Automated Guided Vehicle, AGV. With the help of intelligent computers, the AGV can
safely achieve high speeds. It is highly flexible due to remote communication.
Its ability to communicate with other autonomous vehicles provides a seamless
operation. The AGV can detect the objects in its path. Increased product turn-around
and faster shipping results in satisfied customers. More number of AGV’s can
result in a very efficient team work and can be very useful in various
industries. Also, it creates a better working environment. AGV models are
developed as a prototype for implementing and evaluating algorithms proposed.

                                                                                                                                                          
II. Literature
Survey

As in industries,
we have seen that a large number of workers are required to shift heavy loads
from one place to other. This takes a lot of time as well as a lot of human
labor. In order to make the work easier, line following robots as well as
vehicles is created following the orders and works according to the
instructions given to them.

As more and more
research went on, technology increased and new modifications were done on these
vehicles. Till today, the AGVs developed used to follow the path on the floor.
It is now modified as the vehicle which follows the virtual path given to it
through devices like computers or laptops. Through wireless communication, the
user can instruct the AGV where it must go.

Researches done on AGV till today, focus on the functions of AGV on
moving materials and products. They also aim at finding optimal paths for AGV,
routes designed to avoid collision and deadlocks. The AGV prototype has been
developed to create a framework for a co-ordinate environment providing most efficient
mode of transferring many types of materials in and out of a factory or
manufacture setting.

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