For governing force with disciplines ranging across a

For several decades, the United Nations has effectively served the global community as a governing force with disciplines ranging across a plethora of disciplines. From contributing significantly to the eradication of polio to making unprecedented strides in the women’s rights movement, the United Nations has been a necessary catalyst for change. Due to the amount of positive change the UN has created, it is imperative that the state of the organization remains as strong as it can possibly be. In order to accomplish this effectively, the UN must undergo changes so that it can adequately adapt to the people it is meant to serve. While the focus of many proposed reform solutions focus specifically on the veto, a more pressing issue is the lack of representation in the Security Council. As a founding member of the UN, Mexico is familiar with enacting change, both domestically and internationally. More recently, Mexico was a driving force behind the creation of the UN’s 2030 Agenda, which establishes a list of 17 goals pertaining to ending poverty and combating negative climate change. To ensure Mexico was enacting the change it sought to create, it was one of 22 countries to participate in a Voluntary National Review in regard to the 2030 Agenda, and was only one of the two countries in its region to do so. A Voluntary National Review is the process in which a country reports to the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, where it is assessed on it’s progress in attempting to achieve the 17 goals outlined in the Agenda. In 2014, Mexico was able to reach consensus within its own borders among political parties to enact reform specifically related to education and modernization telecommunications. Mexico has also demonstrated a willingness to change by adopting the Paris Agreement on climate change. By striving for advantageous numbers such as 60% clean energy by 2040, Mexico has proven that it is dedicated to enacting change. Mexico believes that the most effective way to reform the United Nations is to reform the Security Council. Specifically, the amount of non-permanent members on the Security Council should be expanded. Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto expressed that the addition of more non-permanent members would create: “long-term seats with the possibility of immediate re-election based on a more equitable geographical representation.” Despite the United Nations having existed for over 70 years, 66 of its 192 members have never once been elected to be a member of the Security Council. Additionally, the veto system is a problem that must be addressed. Although the veto has been used less frequently since the mid 1900’s, it remains an issue as the possibility of a veto discourages policies from being proposed. It is because of this gridlock that President Enrique Peña Nieto hopes that the veto would not be used in cases of obvious disregard for international law. While enacting changes to the UN is a daunting task, Mexico is hopeful that by taking a moderate yet forceful position it will be able to help create much needed reforms to the United Nations.

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