Following there was a movement to reduce inequalities,

Following the WWII and the fading of colonisation, there was a movement
to reduce inequalities, achieve universal development and bring prosperity to
the world. The objective of most development work was to ‘modernise’ developing
countries and helping them escape the chains of poverty. To achieve these ends
it was believed that developing countries must adopt a democratic system of
government and move from simple agrarian to industrialised economies,
essentially mimicking the established powers. The assumption was that
developing countries “were not simply at the bottom, they were at the beginning”
(Ferguson, 2007: 178) of this transition to becoming developed countries. “For
those at the bottom of the global hierarchy, the message was clear: Wait, have
patience; your turn will come.” (Ferguson, 2007: 178)

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