Family: and traps. Original description : De Haan,

 

 

 
Family: Penaeidae Rafinesque, 1815

Genus: Penaeus
Fabricius, 1798

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Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844 in De Haan, 1833-1850 

Common
Name: Green tiger prawn

Synonyms:
Penaeus
manilensis de Procé, 1822,
Penaeus monodon manillensis Villaluz & Arriola, 1938,  Penaeus semisulcatus paucidentatus Parisi, 1919 

 

Distribution:  Wide distribution from Indo West pacific from
Durban Bay through Red sea, India Malaysia, Indonesia to northern and north
eastern Australia through New Guinea, Phillippine Islands to southern Japan,
mostly in tropical habitates. In India, more common in the East coast.

Environment
: From continental shelf  from the coastline to depths of about 130 mm
but is abundant in waters less than 60mm deep on mud, sandy-mud or sandy git.

Size:
Average total length females 25 and males 18 cm

Location
: Neendakara, Vizhinjam, Munambam,
Ponnani, Azheekkal, Puthiappa

 

Specimens
examined : 30 specimens examined, female with
Tl 20 cm and male with 15cm

Description:
Pale brown to greenish in colour, carapace with 2 yellow cream dorsal
transverse bands; antennae banded white and brown; abdomen with brown grey and
pale yellow dorsal transverse bands; antennae banded white and brown; pereopods
and pleopods dull red to brown grey with white or bluish specks; proximal part
of uropod yellow, distal brown greenish, tips bluish to reddish, fringe of setae
brown red. Carapace smooth; rostrum with 5-8 dorsal teeth and 2-4 ventral
teeth; adrostral crest and groove extending beyond epigastric tooth; postrostral
crest reaching posterior margin of carapace, with a distinct median groove;
gastrofrontal crest absent; antennal crest prominent, ending above posterior
third of  hepatic crest.

 Gastro-orbital
crest extending over posterior 2/3 of distance between hepatic spine and
orbital margin; hepatic crest straight, sloping anteroventrally; 5th  perepod with exopod; petasma with distomedian
projections reaching far as costae; free border of ventral costae unarmed of,
the apex minutely serrated; outer surface of lateral lobes minutely
tuberculate. Thelycum with lateral plates; the median margins forming tumid
tips; anterior process with raised edges delimiting depressed area; posterior
process convex, partly inserted between lateral plates.

Remarks:
Stray catches obtained. Economically important group. Caught with otter trawls
and drift nets, taken with boat and shore seines, beam trawls, stake nets and
traps.

Original description : De Haan, W. (1833-1850). Crustacea. In: von
Siebold, PF, Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio Animalium, quae in Itinere per
Japoniam, Jussu and Auspiciis Superiorum, which Summum in India Batava Imperium
Tenent, Suspect, Annis 1823-1830 Collegit, Notis, Observationibus and
Adumbrationibus Illustravit. i-xxxi, ix-xvi, 1-243, Plates AJ, LQ,
1-55. Lugduni-Batavorum.

 

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