Everybody to teach Astley how to make Cavalry

Everybody loves circuses the
lights, music, costumes, tricks, animals, etc. especially the animals they are
the best part! Maybe most of you all know what happens behind those curtains,
those “amazing tricks” aren’t so amazing to teach the animals. Let me just say
there’s even torture tools that are used especially for the animals.

When was the circus
created and who invented it?

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To start off with, the circus
was first created in England by Philip Astley on January 8, 1752; in Newcastle-under-Lyme
England. Astley was. A six feet tall former sergeant-major and ex-Calvary that
became a showman, also a man that served in the Seven Years War from 1756-1763,
many proclaimed he was an intelligent man and in war but also in breaking
horses and beck ok Ming their trainer. He was seen by a man who was a
celebrated riding and fencing master. He goes by the name of Domingo Angelo.
Angelo decided to teach Astley how to make Cavalry crossword in battle better,
later this will become useful for his shows. He was discharged on June21,1766
and returned to Lambeth with a partner who later became his wife. After all his
years in war, he purchased a land named as “Hoover’s Half Penny Hatch” in Surry
County, it’s located towards South London, he then started riding school.
Astley taught horseback riding in the morning and performed in the afternoon
but mainly during the summer. Mainly he just used horses and got them to use
feign death, fire a pistol, and perform “mind reading tricks”. When Astley did
his performances, he had the audience set up in a circular arena because it was
easier to see and for the performers to get around, the word circular is why
it’s called circus. Astley named his rootless place “Astley’s Riding House” and
added a stronger wooden structure so everyone was proceeding from the London weather.
The clowns were added by the Elizabeth Theatre, and with the clowns doing many
other stunts, that was known as the modern circus. Astley opened the first
circus in Paris it was the Amphitheatre Anglos in 1782 around this time is when
Astley started becoming very successful and wanted a more popular audience.
This is when the circus was originally born, people had different opinions
about it, some even said it was a freak show. They called it a freak show
because it included other equestrians, acrobats, rope dancers, aerialists, and
clowns.

When and where
did the circus come to America?

The circuits first moved into America in 1825 because of an
entrepreneur named Joshua Purdy Brown and he did away with the usual
construction that Philip Astley, and instead used a full canvas tent and this
now a day everyone knows by. And when the circus first came to the United
States it was in New York, Brown had a dealer named Hachaliah Bailey and
purchased a baby elephant, which later went around the country with very
successful performances. (elephant pictured on the left
named Jumbo) Later after performing with elephant, Brown. Used other exotic
animals. When the first American circuits started it was a runner by a business
man that had very different models than the first European circuses. in 1871, Phineas
Taylor Barnum was in association with circus entrepreneur William Cameron coup,
and Barnum created a museum, Menagerie and Circus, here they showed people
unusual things about humans, this became a sideshow for the American circus. The
year 1872 is when they had to make another circus ring because it was the most known
entertainment in the country with Barnum and Coup’s enterprise the leading
circus.

Who are the
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus?

            The
Ringling Brothers was founded in 1884 in Baraboo, Wisconsin, with five Ringling
brothers, Albert, Otto, Alfred, Charles, john, august and Henry. Adding many
side shows for the circus and traveled in the U.S. Midwest, and what made the
shows expanded very quickly was their elephant in 1888, this when they began
using their circus wagons and railway cars so they could go farther faster with
no problem. the Barnum & Bailey circus is the Ringling Bros. biggest
competition around this time, they would always purchase another circus which
made them expand. But then in 1906 the Ringling Bros. were able to purchase the
Barnum & Bailey circus which made them the only spontaneous circus in the
world. After one of the Ringling bros. death in 1926 the oldest son Charles who
had ran the circus for ten years, John took over and bought the American crop
in 1929 and was controlling eleven more circuses in the United states. This circus
had grown so much it was at a seating capacity of ten-thousand people, but in
1936 unhappily the Ringling family most their company after John passed away. Therefore,
the Ringling Bros. decided to sell the company and sold it to the Feld family
also keeping the Ringling Museum of the Circus in Sarasota, Florida and the
world museum in Baraboo, Wisconsin where a lot of the original props and wagons
are held at to show the public.

Animal
torture

Now the terrible part, sure everyone
enjoyed these circuses but they don’t know all the terrible things that happen
so they may perform those “crazy stunts”. Literally dragging baby elephants
from their mothers and making them stand for twenty-three hours straight, for
at least six months or longer. And what were these baby elephants held down
with? These super tight ropes that would cut their skin and make them bleed
leaving these awful cuts. There have even been former employees that have come
out ton tell the terrible stories that happen behind the curtain. One of the
tools that they use, yes, they even have tools for them, it’s the Bull hook
which is used to punish and control the elephants. Basically, it is a sharp
steel hook used to beat and harm the elephants sometimes until they bleed and
the main spot they used it on was in the back of their ear with is the one of
the sensitive parts of their body. Other places are inside the ear, mouth under
the chin on a place called the anus and around their feet the very sensitive
spots, wish well of course will get them to do anything but also make them
bleed. Maybe you’re thinking to yourself that this was just one in a while or
only when they don’t listen, no, this was a daily thing, a former employee told
Peta.org. but so the bleeding will stop during the show the Ringling Bros. buy
this powder called ‘spot work’ used to spot the blood from the elephants. Another
common tool used to injure the elephants is called the electro shock, the baby
elephants would get this straight to his head. These animals would travel nonstop
in these boxcars for at least days in either the really cold or really hot
weather. Not only elephants but also big cats, 

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