Energy continuous load operations, which results in

Energy Management System (EMS) is a system which makes use of computer-assisted tools/software for monitoring, controlling and optimizing the performance of the generation, transmission and load system. The computer technology used is also known as EMS/SCADA. EMS mainly improves the efficient use of electricity, contributes towards conservation of energy resources and indirectly reduces the emission of greenhouse gases14. Demand-side load management with the help of digital information communication systems and smart meters results in optimization of Energy consumed. Energy Management System subsists of monitoring, measurement, load forecasting, planning, implementing and verification of electrical energy demand which are intended for consumers to be aware of the electricity usage and dynamic pricing is achieved. The energy management system will also include the capability of monitoring theft circuits in each room to ensure that appliances such as televisions aren’t disconnected9. Devices such as fans and lights are subjected to continuous load operations, which results in drastic shortening of efficiency. The energy management system should be capable of monitoring and be controlling these devices in aggregation with cooling appliances. Air conditioners often operate at reduced efficiency due to ice build-ups which inhibit their heat transfer capability. The capability of periodically cycling air conditioners to prevent reductions in efficiency due to ice build-ups would be a desirable capability of the energy management system. Energy costs are higher during peak load periods than normal load periods. In order to exuviate the load during peak load periods a load stabilizing technique is incorporated into the system, which limits the overall energy demand. This model ensures that the available energy is shared among all the devices based on their priority, especially during the peak-load situation. The presented model in this paper can be erected via wireline communication and also wireless communication. Wireline communication requires various specially-designed cables for interconnecting the smart meters, plugs and various other monitoring devices16. But Wireless communication model is cost effective and requires no cables. Load forecast, weather forecast, load measurements and indoor temperature measurements are also taken into account for efficient optimisation5. 


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