During the Industrial Revolution, many inventions were produced. In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. Eli Whitney was a farm boy and was trying to make a name for himself as a manufacturer. About a few days later, he developed a machine to restructure the cotton industry. The pasteurization invention was created by Louis Pasteur in 1864. Louis Pasteur was a chemistry professor and was studying fermentation. He created this invention for beer because there was trouble with brewing and kept going bad while no one knew why. There is a big time difference between the year date they were both created. They both have been known for many years and are still being used to this day. These two inventions have made a huge impact throughout history and people’s lives. Cotton has been known for many years, but it was not used as much as compared to today. For many years, the only way to separate the cotton seeds from its fibers was to pull them out by hand. It was a very slow and hard occupation. The way the cotton gin works are by; the cotton needs to fall through the feeder hopper, goes through a place where it comes into the wire teeth, which seizes the fibers for the seeds and comes out of the machine. Although the cotton gin was a very advantageous machine, it affected many slaves. It came with a number of unintended consequences, especially towards slavery. During this era, cotton was the most arduous plant since the seeds needed to be removed and that was a wearying process. Long staple cotton was one of the easiest cotton to pick, but it still took the slaves many hours to remove the seeds. The cotton gin disenthralled many slaves from labor, but also escalated orders for cotton and slaves. The slaves were needed to grow it and harvest the field. Slaves had a disconsolate life because of the cotton plantations. The punishments were very miserable. For example, slaves were often beaten if they did not do as they were told to constrain if they were being recalcitrant. Selling off their families was another punishment along with death. Families were ripped apart and also been sent hundreds of miles away. There is no explanation to brief how the cotton gin invention affected the lives of the slaves. Cotton was not germinated very often because the production was very labor intensive. Cotton was not cost effective for the amount of labor required so they used wool alternatively. It went from being an expensive product to produce a very profitable journey. Whitney’s company went out of business because of the legal battles to enforce his ban. The South’s climate and soil were right for cotton so once the machine was invented many of the Southern switched to its manufacture to full the mills of England the North. This invention made it easier to produce, but enlarged the need for slaves. The demands from Britain in New England rose. Soon the South had commenced to relying on cotton just as much as their cash crop. 75 percent of cotton was manufactured by the South. They believed if the North attacked them, Britain would come to their assistance because without their cotton industries would come to an end and they put pressure to support the South. Cotton industries have come a long way since companies use much bigger machines, which works faster. Pasteurization is a process that destroys any bacteria so it would not cause diseases. Bacteria often ended up in the milk, making dairy products unable to consume. Today the process of pasteurization is used widely in the drinks and food industry. The pasteurization invention was developed for wine and beer. Back in the days, they did not know why those beverages went bad so fast. Louis Pasteur was asked to figure out why they went bad by Napoleon the third. After a while, he discovered that beer is full of round yeast cells. The milk industry embraced the pasteurization process and became a law by 1910. Back in the days, pasteurizing milk was a superlative important discovery. The first thing that needs to be done is to fill up a large pot halfway with water and wait for it to boil. Filtering the milk is the next step of the process. Pour the milk into a filter and let it go down. Stir the milk throughout the entire time and stick a digital thermometer to monitor the temperature. What you will be looking for is approximately 165 degrees and hold that for 15 seconds. Machines have been developed for milking cows. It noticeably speeds up the milking as well as reducing the pressure exerted. The machines grip the pre-milking and attach to the first teat. The teat is washed and blow dried prior to the milking. When the milking is finished the machines attach at each cup to the each of the teats and the milking begins. The machine retreats to clean and disinfect the pre-milking teat cup, but the machine is not positioned under the milking. To decrease the milking time the machine produces a maximum release of something called the oxytocin. The oxytocin is a hormone that is released, which causes to increase the contraction of the uterus. It also maximizes the willingness of the cow to participate in the process. And that is how cows are being milked nowadays. In conclusion, both of the inventions were predominately good. The cotton gin was a very good invention, especially for the slaves, but that is what Eli Whitney thought. Many slaves were needed to grow the cotton and harvest it. Slaves had to separate the seeds from the cotton. This process was very hard and went by slow. Slaves had many punishments if they did not follow orders and demands. The pasteurization invention was to destroy any harmful bacteria from food or drinks. At first, the invention was developed for wine and beer. The beverages were going bad and no one knew why until the pasteurization invention was created. Louis Pasteur, later on, discovered that beer is full of round cells. Machines are now being used to milk cows, which speeds up the process. And that is how the cotton gin and pasteurization inventions have made an enormous impact during the Industrial Revolution.