Diabetes your cells is called insulin. There are

Diabetes is a diseases where the blood glucose levels that come from the foods we eat are too high. A hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells is called insulin. There are two types of diabetes; Type 1: Where the body doesn’t make any insulin. Type 2: Where the body doesn’t use or make insulin well. Diabetes affects approximately 29.1 million people in the US, and 86 million people have prediabetes The glucose stays in the blood if there’s not enough insulin. This can also cause prediabetes meaning, the blood sugar is higher than normal but is not diabetes yet. This puts you in a high risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Having too much glucose causes many problems, such as damaging your kidneys, eyes, nerves and also causes heart diseases and a stroke. (Diabetes | MedlinePlus) A technology that scientists developed to make it possible to insert a human gene into the the bacterium is called the Recombinant DNA. It can produce the protein encoded by the human gene. The human insulin gene is built in the laboratory. (How Did They Make Insulin) The process for making insulin using DNA technology begins when:The human gene for insulin is identified and then removed by restriction enzymes, which are molecular scissors that cut out DNA. These enzymes are also used to cut open a section of DNA called a plasmid, and then to insert the human insulin gene into the plasmid. A ligase enzyme which can catalyse two large molecules by forming a chemical bond is used to seal the human gene into the plasmid. Then the plasmid is inserted into the bacterium which grows into bacteria that produce the human insulin. The recombinant bacteria is put in fermentation tanksTo begin producing the human insulin the recombinant bacteria uses the gene. The biggest benefit associated with DNA recombinant is the effect it had on medicine. For example its use in producing insulin, which saved many people with type 1 diabetes. Before this biotechnology, insulin was used from cows and pigs, but this technology has allowed to develop a “synthetic human insulin”. Recombinant DNA has also been useful to develop vaccines for infectious diseases, and the interferon drug which is a group of proteins released by host cells in response to pathogens such as viruses and bacteria, was used to treat leukemia is also a result of recombinant DNA technology. This has a social impact because it has a POSITIVE effect on people’s health from the whole globe who have been suffering from diabetes. It saved people’s lives according to; Kerry Morgan a children’s congress delegate: “If i could meet the team of scientists who first produced synthetic insulin, all I would say was thank you because it’s keeping me alive”  Before recombinant DNA insulin came from the pancreas of animals. The process was difficult and the amount of insulin would be low. This insulin in patients developed allergy and other side effects. On the other side the human insulin gene causes fewer allergies and is taken in a faster rate and shows its effect in a short amount of time. Recombinant DNA was also used in food, and one of the main CONCERNS is the long-term effects on human health are still unknown. (Pros and Cons of Recombinant DNA, 2017) A few scientists have spoke out about the health risks of this technology:- According to British professor Mae Wan-Ho, “artificially constructed parasitic elements such as viruses may present hazards, since inserting foreign genes into a host genome has been known to have many harmful and fatal effects, including cancer.” – Scientist Dr. Michael Antoniu says that “genetic material from unrelated species is disrupting the genetic blueprint of the host organism with totally unpredictable consequences”   


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