Despite itself as an exemplary beacon to the

Despite the administration, the U.S. has long echoed a steady
set of interests in the Middle East and these have steered U.S. policy in the region.
Thus, having access to a reliable and adequate amount of energy supplies at a reasonably affordable price has dominated policies on the ground (Carapico & Toensing 2006 p.8). Further, regional
balance of power has long been crucial and Jones maintains, “preserving the
security for the entire Persian Gulf region and the flow of Middle Eastern oil
were of a chief political-economic concern” (2012 p.208). While this may be the
case, Jones reiterates that if security is to be measured as the absence of
conflict, it is essentially difficult to achieve, and protection of the
region’s oil producers has resulted to the increase in more direct forms of
U.S. intervention (Jones 2012 p.209). Additionally, this adds to the U.S. expansionist
expeditions as it showcases militaristic pursuits in order to secure the region.
Though terrorism and the events of September 11 aided the acceleration of the
U.S. invasion of Iraq, these events should not be given too much focus as doing
so ignores “the ways that oil and oil producers have long been militarized and the
role oil has played in regional confrontation” (Jones 2012 p.209). Additionally,
Nitzan & Bichler highlight and speak on U.S., interests and explain from a
Realist perspective that assert, “many conflicts cannot be easily explained by
material interests as the national interest is usually paramount” (2002
p.199). Further, Nitzan & Bichler offer yet another Realist perspective on
U.S. motives in invading foreign states by arguing, “state officials can be
wrong, misunderstand the true nature of the situation, or they can simply
miscalculate the costs and benefits…but here too, even when policy seems
‘nonlogical’, the driving force is still – as always – the national interest” (2002
p.199). This analogy fittingly exemplified the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq. Subsequently,
Robert Vitalis reaffirms U.S. rational and relates it to the “variations and
elaborations on the American exceptionalist tradition” (Vitalis 2009 p. 190). In
wanting to obtain and secure the region, the U.S. established itself as an
exemplary beacon to the rest of the world, and its political struggles for
influence and supremacy have encouraged its military quest toward victory and
domination in the Middle East. 

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