Childhood education is a serious problem
in many countries around the world. Many children are not learning or getting
an education, so they are not able to grow up and get a job. In America, we do
not see education as an issue. There are schools around every corner, and we
have plenty of teachers to teach. Here, children are required to go to school,
but in many other countries, children are lucky if the get the chance to go to
school. Many places around the world do not have the luxury of a public school
or busses to use to get to and from the school. Thousands of children around
the world are not getting a quality education, if they are getting an education
at all. In America, we do not have to worry about a teacher being qualified to
teach and do their job right. In other countries, many of the teachers are not
qualified to teach. Many children do not have access to education because of not
having enough qualified teachers, of poverty, and not having adequate school
buildings. Because of these reasons, child education is an issue in many
countries and something needs to be done about it.
Many children do not have access to
education because of the lack of qualified teachers. In many countries, the
teachers lack the necessary skills to teach children what they need to learn in
order to get a proper education. Even though they do have some qualified
teachers, they do not have enough to teach the millions of children that need
an education. “This means that‚ every day‚ teachers stand in front of a class
without the necessary skills to teach the subject that they are teaching. It is
simply wrecking the futures of children who have to be taught by teachers who
are not qualified‚ he said” (Savides). Many children are being robbed of a
proper education because so many teachers are not qualified to teach, but if
these teachers did not teach, there would not be room for as many kids to
learn. Many schools would have to be shut down if these teachers were not
allowed to teach.
There are many effects on the children
for not having quality teachers. Without quality teachers, children cannot get
an education, and they will not learn how to live on their own and do things
for themselves. “Without a quality education in the gateway subjects of
Mathematics and Science they are destined to remain trapped in the cycle of
poverty” (Savides). This quote proves that when children do not get the
education they need, they lack the necessary skills that are needed in order
for them to grow up and get a good job. If these children cannot get a good
job, they will not be able to leave the life of poverty, and their kids may be
trapped in the same lifestyle. It is believed by Kevin Watkins that a recent
study found that 80 percent of Sokoto’s a school teacher Grade 3 pupils
cannot read a single word (Watkins). This just shows how bad the teaching is in
Africa. Children are not learning the critical skills that they need to live.
Sometimes the teachers are not at fault
for not being qualified to do their job. “The problem is now you allocate the
teacher‚” he said. “You get teachers who are qualified to teach a subject‚ they
are they allocated to a different subject. The issue is misallocation of
resources” (Savides). Sometimes, there are teachers that are qualified to teach
one subject but have to teach a different subject. If this is the case, then
people need to work to switch the subjects that certain teachers teach, so that
most of them are teaching subjects that they are qualified to and know how to
There are not enough teachers in
Africa for children to get the education that they need. Many students are not
able to learn when they are not able to get taught one-on-one. Teachers need
time to cater to each students’ needs, and in many countries, this is not
possible because teachers have too many students. “In 2012, the average pupil/teacher ratio in primary school
was 42:1. That statistic has not changed since 1999” (Africa). When
there are more than 40 children for each teacher to teach, the students are not
able to learn. According to the Africa-America Institute, one million new
teachers need to be recruited in Africa to achieve the education target (Africa).
This shows how many teachers Africa needs. If one country needs this many
teachers, then it is not possible for the teachers that are already there to be
effectively teaching the children that are in school.
Just like the quality of teachers
plays a role in childhood education, poverty also plays a role. Many children
are not able to go to school because they are living in poverty. When children
live in poverty, they do not have time to go to school. These children are
stuck working for their families. Children have to go get water for their
families and do many other chores. A multitude of children are not able to pay
any direct costs that result from going to school. These costs include
clothing, books, and many other things.
There are many ways that poverty
plays a role in education. Poverty provides many barriers to schooling. These
barriers include things such as the environment, the distance to school,
health, and many more. Many of these barriers can cause a domino effect. For
example, poverty can cause many families to live in dangerous environments.
When children live in overcrowded, unsanitary environments, children tend to
get sick easier. Once the children are sick, they are not able to go to school.
A lot of countries around the world
are not able to afford public transportation. “Teens in villages must travel
relatively long distances to get to school” (Falola). Since many countries
cannot afford public transportation such as buses, most kids have to walk to
school. For many kids, this means walking more than 10 miles to and from school
everyday. “Unlike most schoolchildren, who are bused to school, most Ghanaians
walk to school” (Falola). Many children do not go to school for the sole reason
that the school is too far away and they do not have a way to get there. Children
could contract more diseases walking to and from school than they would at
Many children that do get an
education are not able to get a secondary education. The Education Commission
projects that if current trends continue, by 2030 just 4 out of 10 children of
school age (1.4 billion children) in low- and middle-income countries will be
on track to gain basic secondary-level skills” (Habitat). Only forty percent of
children that get a primary education are able to get a secondary education.
When children get a primary education but not a secondary education, they are
less likely to remain trapped in the cycle of poverty, but they still would not
be doing as well as they would be if they had gotten a secondary education.
In many countries around the world, there
are not many adequate school buildings. Many children are not able to go to
school because of this. The schools that these countries do have are too far
away from many of the childrens’ homes, and many of them cannot walk to school.
“Many schools are located far away from children’s homes. According to
Hazzard, only 7 in 10 of children who live in rural areas will ever set foot in a school” (Hazzard).
Many of the school buildings are not
sanitary. In some cases, children could die from going to school. Most of the
time, there is no safe drinking water in schools, and they bathrooms are not
clean. “Unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and lack of hygiene not only affect
the health, safety, and quality of life of children. They also claim the lives
of an estimated 1.5 million children under the age of five who die each year
from diarrhea” (Lack). In America, people take for granted many things that
children in Africa do not have. Here, children are able to drink water straight
from a water fountain, but in Africa and many other countries, children could
die by drinking water from a fountain.
“Not only can the lack of adequate
sanitation enable disease to impede a child’s physical and cognitive
development, it can also prevent the child from attending school” (Sanitation).
When schools are not clean, children can get diseases that can cause them to
get sick. When they get sick, they are not able to learn anymore. Some diseases
and illnesses can have a lifelong effect on a kid. They could cause a kid to
have brain problems, where they would have to be taken care of for the rest of
Girls in many countries do not get the
same educational opportunities as boys do. According to Julius Agbor, poor
female children attending schools in rural areas are much less likely to learn
skills needed for life such as math, writing, and reading (Agbor). Most
teachers cater to boy’s needs before the cater to girl’s needs. Teachers also
like to teach in urban areas rather than rural areas, so girls in rural schools
gain even less knowledge than they would if they went to an urban school.
In many cases, there are more girls out
of school than there are boys. This is because the girls are stuck doing the
chores like gathering water and washing clothes. According to the article “Sanitation
and Education”, most girls that have to gather water for their family are not
in school, and those that do not have to gather water are in schools that are
more sanitary (Sanitation). Many girls are not able to go to schools when they
get older because of puberty. Schools do not have the basic bathrooms and supplies
that these girls need in order to stay in school. “Often girls are forced to
drop out of school or miss school once they reach puberty. . .” (Sanitation).
Girls should be able to have an equal opportunity in school as boys do. If
girls are able to have sanitary bathrooms, they would be able to learn just as
conclusion, there are many factors that have led to many children not being
able to go to school. These factors include not having enough qualified school
teachers, not having safe, sanitary, and enough school buildings, and poverty.
In order to allow more children to get a quality education, people need to work
to make a difference in these countries. People need to build more schools,
help fight against the ongoing war of poverty, and help teachers become
qualified to teach these children.