Brazil is the largest country in South America in both population and geographical size as well as one of its most diverse and interesting. The capital of Brazil is Brasilia, which is located in the southeastern part of the country. The official language of the country is Portuguese. Brazil’s population is 207.7 million. Brazil extends from the Amazon Basin in the north to vineyards and massive Iguaçu Falls in the south.
On September 7, 1882, Prince Dom Pedro declared Brazil’s independence from Portugal. The current president of Brazil is Michel Temer. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces. A Brazilian president serves for a term of office of four years, and may be re elected for a single consecutive term. A former President who has served for two consecutive terms may, at a later time, run again for office, as long as at least one term has elapsed. Past presidents include, Dilma Rousseff, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Fernando Henrique Cardoso and, José Sarney. One major event in Brazil’s history is the abolition of slavery in 1888. Another historical event was the implementation of a new constitution in 1946. In 1985, Brazil’s government returned to civilian rule.
The geography of Brazil is fascinating, as the country occupies nearly half of South America. One major landform is the Amazon Basin. The Amazon basin is the largest tropical rainforest in the world and home to around 2 and a half million different insect species as well as over 40000 plant species. Another one of Brazil’s major landforms are Brazilian Highlands. The Brazilian Highlands are an extensive geographical region, covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil, in all approximately half of the country’s land area. Within the region there are several different biomes, different climate conditions, many types of soil, and thousands of animal and plant species. One famous landmark is the Teatro Amazonas. The opera house opened in 1896 the city of Manaus. Another landmark is the Cathedral of Brasília. The Cathedral of Brasília was built by Oscar Niemeyer and is a functioning house of Roman Catholic worship. Major bodies of water include the Amazon River, S?o Francisco River, Paraná River and Iguazu Falls. Some major cities of Brazil are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasilia Fortaleza, Belo Horizonte, Manaus, Curitiba, and Recife.
Brazilian culture is very unique and diverse.