at percent). Large farmers constitute 1.5 percent

at a lesser price. These Gaushalas and Panjrapoles maintain its own veterinary doctor. The Gaushalas and Panjrapoles are generating revenues by selling milk the yield of which though is very less per animal but becomes quite substantial from large pool of animals. Figure 14: District Wise Number of Gaushala and Panjrapole in GujaratPrimary Survey Findings:Table 26 shows the demographic profile of the sample farmers in the selected districts. In terms of landholding, overall 27 percent farmers in were landless followed by small (26 percent), marginal (23.5 percent), semi-medium (15.5 percent), medium (6.5 percent). Large farmers constitute 1.5 percent of the total sample. Here, marginal farmer owns less than 1 hectare of land, small farmer has more than 1 hectare but less than 2 hectares of land, semi-medium farmer owns 2-4 hectares of land, medium farmer has 4-10 and large farmer owns more than 10 hectares of land. In Banaskantha landless farmers were maximum with 27.5 percent followed by small and semi-medium, both with 22.5 percent. 2.5 percent farmers were large farmers. In Kutch also 45 percent were landless which was maximum in the district followed by small with 22.5 percent. In Panchmahal, all the sample farmers were under marginal, small and semi-medium category with 42.5 percent, 40 percent and 17.5 percent respectively. In Rajkot, the samples were more evenly distributed among all the landholding categories except large size. There were no large farmers selected in Rajkot. In Surat also, maximum farmers fell under landless category (42.5 percent) followed by small (25 percent) and then marginal farmers (22.5 percent). It can be inferred that more of the livestock farmers are under landless category.In terms of social category, backward caste represents more (49 percent) than any other category, followed by general (24 percent) and then scheduled caste (14 percent) and then scheduled tribe (12 percent). Banaskantha, Panchmahal and Rajkot had maximum 61 percent, 60 percent and 70 percent sample farmers of respective districts respectively. Kutch had 47 percent scheduled caste farmers which was maximum in the district. In Surat, general category farmers were maximum with 40 percent followed by scheduled tribe with 30 percent.Dairy farming in general is found to be operated by women in more number of cases. Studies ahow that there is more direct involvement of women in dairying. But the decision making is still with the male counterpart which is evident from Table 26. In all the districts, the decision maker is male in more than 90 percent of the cases. Kutch, Panchmahal and Rajkot had 100 percent male decision makers. Average family size of the sample farmers was 5.3. Kutch had average family size of 6.63. Here joint family concept is more prevalent and people live together thereby increasing the family size. The Kisan credit card (KCC) facility given to the farmers as production credit for cultivating the crop at lower interest rate. The interest rate is 7 percent currently which is further reduced to 4 percent on timely payment. More number of farmers in Rajkot are using KCC which is 34.3 percent. Overall 11.5 percent farmers are using KCC.Table 26: Demographic Profile of the Livestock Farmers Banaskantha Kutch Panchamahal Rajkot Surat OverallFarmer category Landless (%) 27.5 45.0 0.0 20.0 42.5 27.0Marginal (%) 17.5 7.5 42.5 27.5 22.5 23.5Small (%) 22.5 22.5 40.0 20.0 25.0 26.0Semi-medium (%) 22.5 10.0 17.5 22.5 5.0 15.5Medium (%) 7.5 12.5 0.0 10.0 2.5 6.5Large (%) 2.5 2.5 0.0 0.0 2.5 1.5Social Category Scheduled Caste (%) 11 47 23 0 5 14Scheduled Tribe (%) 8 0 10 0 30 12Backward Caste (%) 61 27 60 70 25 49General (%) 21 27 8 30 40 24Male Decision Maker (%) 90 100 100 100 92.5 96.5Average family size 4.25 6.63 6.03 4.65 4.98 5.3Kisan Credit Card User (%) 5.3 12.5 0 34.3 7.5 11.5