At the truth to the polis, that

At the point when Athens transformed into a democracy, Tragedy was one of
the few things that helped check the powers that were unleashed. It showed once
more the delicate harmony between chaos and order that developed in the fallout
of the law based transformation. By uncovering the truth to the polis, that no
solitary voice or method for an aggregation might have been supreme alternately
wholly true, tragedy reminded gatherings of people that considerably those best
around them might have been not faultless.

Chasing the truth may be the only real freedom we have as human beings yet,
no one is free from faith, not even the mythical characters involved in the
tragedy. Legends, tales, fables, and myths all have one thing in common; they
explain the history of our ancestors and worship immortal beings. It is important
to realize that Greeks at the time saw the Gods as embodiments of feelings or
thoughts; they thought that the Gods existed in a parallel to themselves. for
example, Zeus is frequently referred to during the play; “For myself, I call to
witness Zeus, whose eyes are everywhere”. This quote is said by Creon, who
wants to preserve law and order in Thebes in the midst of the deterioration and
decay of the city. Creon’s hypocrisy shows; he tries to control everything in
Thebes just like Zeus can. Zeus represents the God of order and the God of law
and power. He, through the other Gods, strikes down the powerful and the prideful
and bring them down to their knees. Their justice is swift and harsh, and they
show no discrimination, whether it be to a slave or to a king, such as Creon. In
the end, the Gods always win. This is a religious commentary on the nature of
Greek religion; man will always be trampled underfoot by the Gods and his place
in the universe is to obey the wishes of the Gods. (theocentric)

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Creon equates himself to Zeus. But subtly there is a hint- chorus that Zeus
will definitely bring him down “Quote to prove”

It is interesting to see that Hades, God of death, is almost never directly
mentioned in the play. Hades is referred to through other Gods, mainly the
Fates and Persephone. The Fates are traditionally portrayed as three old women
who have control over a person’s life through a single thread. They can end the
person’s life by simply cutting the thread. “But my child, the long-lived
Fates, bore hard upon her, too” (Sophocles 1032-1033).This is a reference to
the underworld and Hades through the Fates when Antigone is being buried alive
in a tomb. The Chorus
sings about other people who have been buried alive, and lament about the
terrible fate that has not only come upon Antigone, but the entire family of
Oedipus because of the prophecy. Another jibe at religion; the entire family
was being cursed for one sin that was fated to happen, and even Thebes was suffering
under the rule of Creon. “… that the great number of people that have died,
whom in their death, Persephone received” (Sophocles 940-941).

(ELABORATE INDIVIDUALLY to show how fate operates. What
is the significance when these are connected to Antigone)

Throughout the chorus draws parallel connection between the gods and
antigone’s plight to highlight that destiny has influenced the lives of the
gods and also alleviating antigone to the ranks of the gods

(Lacks textual evidence….)

This is a reference to the underworld and Hades, when Antigone is about to
be buried alive. Just as Creon has excessive pride and rules the country
autocratically , Antigone has excessive pride in the fact that she had given
appropriate funeral rights to her brother in lines with the natural laws and
she is willing to suffer as a result of her choice. Niobe; it is not usual to
witness the Chorus trying to find a parallel in history or myth for the
situation of the protagonist in Greek plays. In the case of Antigone, she is
seen to have a resemblance to Niobe, daughter of Tantalus who is a king in Asia
Minor. She was married to the theban king, Amphion and she had boasted that she
had more children than the goddess Leto at which two of her children, Apollo and
Artemis killed all of her children. When Niobe returned to the Asia Minor she
was turned to stone on mount Sipylus. The rock race over the streams of water
was thought to be her body. The reason why Niobe and Antigone are similar is
due to the fact that in Antigone’s fate too began when she was still alive,
imprisoned in a tomb of rock.

(Elements of Genre & their effect: conflict, arises tension,

(The purpose of these myths-
heighten tension, foreshadowing the fate of antigone, creating suspense in the
minds of the audience and arising curiosity for the end of the play.

A deeper look at the myths referred in the drama reveal morals,
philosophies, and even warnings. “…evils that stem from Oedipus…” (line 3)
reveal the firm belief of the age that the curse in the family runs for
generations and foreshadows that antigone will perish because she is the
progeny to oedipus.

Antigone is represented as a typical woman who has her own desires and wants
to get married realises that there will be no marriage for her and she is
deemed to die in the underground chamber. Therefore she laments her own faith
and expresses fear and anxiety at the future which beckons her. She resigns to
her faith and understands that she will be meet her end in the chamber.

No maids have strewn with flowers from the lea,

‘Tis Death I wed.”  (806-813) The author constantly alludes to other stories of Greek mythology
to tie in the story to the actual world of mythology; allows the reader to see
it as more than a play because of their cultural devotion to the Mythology at
the time. 


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