As is a dangerous threat to the public

As the use of technology
increases overtime, the use of the internet and cyber space is also rapidly
increasing. Cyber space is now a part of our daily routine. From banking,
entertainment, transport even our social lives are dependent on the internet. This
over use of the internet comes with a price and that may come in the form of
virus, worms, hacking and identity theft. The open use of cyber space has not
just connected the entire world with speed and ease but has also left the world
open to hackers and other individual out for their selfish motives. This paper will try to define what cyber
warfare and what are its impacts on modern society.

Koblentz and
Mazanec have defined cyber
warfare as ‘the use of computer networks to disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy
information resident in enemy computers and computer networks, or the computers
and networks themselves’ (Gregory D. Koblentz & Brian M. Mazanec 2013). As
technology becomes more and more advanced so does the ability to conduct war. Criminals
from around the globe have targeted both government and private networks to
start information and cyber warfare which also entail attacks that are backed
by political and military forces from around the globe.

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The world began to see the dangers caused by
modern weapons in World War I when chemical weapons were introduced. After that
in World War II, nations developed nuclear weapons which led to the destruction
of 2 entire cities. Today, in the war on terror, the US has unmanned
drones which can be used to strike terrorists without endangering the lives of
our soldiers. The ability to conduct warfare via advanced technological
methods has contributed to an increase in information security awareness and
the need for one to protect an entities infrastructure. Subsequently, with the advent of cyber warfare
there has been and increased risk of threats and vulnerabilities to systems
that hold or transmit data.

The
threat of a cyber-attack on our nation’s infrastructure is now viewed by the
majority of American’s as an imminent and credible one that demands greater
resources and spending. A recent survey shows that 92% of all Americans agree that
cyber warfare is a dangerous threat to the public utilities, transportation and
government infrastructure. 60% of Americans are also in favor of increased
government spending in defense of such attacks. Cyber warfare is viewed as an
imminent threat in light of increased news coverage of recent attacks. However,
there is a divide amongst the people as to whether the corporations should be
responsible for their own defense or if this is the governments’ responsibility
(Americans Willing to Spend More to Thwart Cyber Attacks: Survey, 2013, p. 1). 

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