Anxiety Disorder Anxiety, what is it many may ask? “Anxiety, as opposed to fear, is an excessive, out-of-proportion response to a vague, ill-defined, future-oriented danger.” (Hyman et al). It is a disorder where feeling of worry, doubt and nervousness are all very apparent. There are various ways of anxiety that include Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety and generalized Anxiety. This disorder doesn’t just appear out of nowhere according to Alvarado Parkway Institute it may run through family lines or may just develop it over the years. It is Self-Diagnosable but should definitely be careful because it could be linked with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and do not want to miss diagnose anyone. Individuals can respond to Anxiety in many different ways, this disorder is more significant than others may think. Forms of anxiety include Panic Disorder and Social Anxiety. There are plenty more, these are just the ones I chose. Panic Disorder is characterized by recurrent panic attacks, a panic attack is a brief period of time where feeling intense fear is perceptible along with, sweating vigorously, shaking, and uncontrolled breathing. They usually last about 20 to 30 minutes but rarely surpass one hour. Social Anxiety is a disorder where social interactions cause irrational anxiety. It is chronic so can last for years or a lifetime. For some people, everyday interactions could cause irrational anxiety, fear, self-consciousness. One who many have this may always feel judged or humiliated. (8 facts about Anxiety Disorders).The discovery of Anxiety disorder was in the 1980’s by the American Psychiatric Association (Our history). A Psychiatrist specializes in mental disorders including Anxiety. A Psychiatrist can determine whether you need therapy or medication, and can supply you with those needs. Anxiety is the most common mental illness in the U.S. Over 40 million adults suffer from some type of Anxiety disorder. Out of that 7 million are affected with GAD (generalized anxiety disorder). Women are twice as likely to get affected by it than men. Although every 1 in 8 men suffer from Anxiety. The Mental symptoms of Anxiety may incorporate having sleeping problems and lots of Rumination, Depersonalization, Derealization. Rumination is thinking a lot about bad past experiences or thinking about an event over and over again. Depersonalization is where one feels disconnected from their body. Derealisation is where one may feel disconnected from the world surrounding them. Mental Symptoms include being tense, feeling nervous, unable to sense dread, or fearing the absolute worst. Physical Symptoms may contain lightheadedness, nausea, sweating profusely, hot flashes and random aches and pains. “It starts with my heart racing… so fast I can hardly breathe. Then the nausea. It is unrelenting. The nausea makes my anxiety worse which makes my heart race, which makes me more nauseous. It’s all a vicious cycle, and it is so hard to escape.” (Schuster). The testing for Anxiety is not required. Anxiety manifests with other physical symptoms and any patient who presents a complaint about Physical Symptoms suggesting anxiety should have a physical exam and basic lab tests. Physical labs include testing blood pressure (Normal levels are around 120 over 80 to 140 over 90). They listen to heart beats (Normal beats per minute is 60 to 100). Next they go to lab tests like taking blood (Healthy levels of blood sugar are 70 to 99 ml). They may also test urine, if there is too much protein that could potentially be bad. The recovery process for Anxiety may be over a long period of time. Self-care is a way to recover by giving the human body enough nutrients and supplements. Avoid alcohol, reduce caffeine intake, quit smoking and a good healthy diet. The Therapies available are, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Meditation and Psychotherapy. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has to deal with a talk through session to get rid of a negative mindset, It modifies emotions and distress. Meditation helps improve mental stability along with relaxation. Psychotherapy is an in depth talk through session about moods and emotion. Another form of Treatment would also be medication. A couple Medications are Benzodiazepines, Alprazolam (xanax), Lorazepam (Ativan). “Benzodiazepines are sedatives that can help relax your muscles and calm your mind. They work by increasing the effects of certain neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that relay messages between your brain cells.” (List of Anxiety drugs). Alprazolam(Xanax) is a slow- releasing drug that gets quickly transferred through the bloodstream, this drug helps slow the person down. Lorazepam(Ativan) works on enhancing effects of a natural chemical (GABA). Individuals can respond to anxiety in many different ways, this disorder is more significant than many people think. Anxiety is linked with other disorders like Panic Disorder and Social Anxiety but they all have there differences. Anxiety doesn’t have an automatic ‘cure’, it takes time to recover. With my research on anxiety I found out information I never would have expected.