Andrew sea. When Margaret’s husband died suddenly

Andrew Jackson otherwise known as “Old Hickory” was elected in 1829 and became the head of the Democratic party. Jackson was an outgoing character who spoke his mind on situations that faced him as president. As president he would often fire people who opposed his ideas and rehired until he found someone who would accept his ideas. These characteristics of Andrew Jackson are shown through several events that occurred during his presidency such as, the Petticoat Affair, the Nullification Crisis, the Indian Removal Act, and the Bank War. The Petticoat Affair was a completely unnecessary scandal that happened early in Jackson’s presidency. It all began when Jackson appointed John Eaton as his Secretary of War. Eaton’s wife, Margaret Peggy Eaton, was a musician and dancer and was priorly married to a man in the navy at the time Eaton laid his eyes on her. Eaton would escort Margaret to parties and other functions while her husband was out at sea. When Margaret’s husband died suddenly rumors that he committed suicide because of an affair with Eaton began to accumulate. Margaret was not liked among the government officials’ wifes because she was outspoken and they felt she was unladylike. Eaton and Margaret married soon after the death of her husband and they were ridiculed by the wives of government officials. Jackson along with Martin Van Buren sided with Eaton being that Jackson’s past wife had married before her divorce was final and was also victimized by gossip. The Petticoat Affair was often brought up when Jackson’s opponents wanted to attack his morals as well as his members of his administration. Later, Eaton along with Martin Van Buren both resigned in order to protect Jackson’s presidency from scandals. The Nullification Crisis was a result of a tariff passed by congress that benefited the northern cloth manufacturers. This angered many southern states because they felt that it only benefited the north and it also lessened the demand for cotton. The southerners wanted a voice for their negative opinions toward the tariff and that voice came from John C. Calhoun, one of Jackson’s most hated rivals. Calhoun at first, supported the tariff but after thinking about his political future he decided to go against it. Some southerners felt that this tariff was grounds for secession from the union, but Calhoun decided to go for a less extreme resolutions and fought for nullification. Calhoun’s viewpoint was that if a state found a law unconstitutional that the state could nullify the law within its’ borders. In 1832 the South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification was put into place thus making the tariff void within the borders of South Carolina. Jackson saw this as a major challenge to his power and even went to the extent of almost sending troops to South Carolina to enforce the tariff. Congress said no to Jackson’s request, however in efforts led by Henry Clay, another long time enemy of Jackson’s, the tariff was revised and a compromise bill was put into place.


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